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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The role of the education sector in providing care and support for orphans and vulnerable children in Lesotho and Swaziland

    The propose of the study was to probe in greater depth, and within the more systematic frame of a research methodology, the dynamics of two current initiatives aiming to provide support to vulnerable children in both Lesotho and Swaziland. Each of the four interventions had within their programme designs a main emphasis on enabling school enrolment and sustaining school attendance. At the same time, the interventions looked to support the more comprehensive needs of vulnerable children and, by doing so, to enhance their overall life situation. …

  2. Vulnerability in AIDS-affected states: rethinking child rights, educational institutions and development paradigms

    The article interrogates current international development constructs of childhood, rights, vulnerability, and schooling in light of the daily experiences of two Malawian children affected by HIV/AIDS. It aims to better understand how development efforts targeted at these children function in practice, and suggests that current development discourses and frameworks may sometimes operate to make the lives of vulnerable children and communities harder and less secure. …

  3. Education status among orphans and non-orphans in communities affected by AIDS in Tanzania and Burkina Faso

    The AIDS pandemic has created an estimated 15 million orphans who may face elevated risk of poor health and social outcomes. This paper compares orphans and non-orphans regarding educational status and delay using data collected in three low-income communities affected by AIDS in Tanzania and Burkina Faso. Orphans were significantly more likely not to attend school than were non-orphans and also to be delayed when in school, though, after controlling for confounders, the risk was borderline and non-significant. …

  4. The different forms of structures involved in the community response for vulnerable children, and what are they best placed to do

    Initiatives from the local community have been a major part of what has been provided towards the needs of vulnerable children. …

  5. External resources for vulnerable children flowing through community level initiatives: the experiences, concerns and suggestions of initiative leaders and caregivers in Uganda

    Despite significant policy commitments to external resources reaching vulnerable children through communities, little information is available on what happens to these resources particularly as they enter, and flow through, the community. This study explored the related experiences, concerns and suggestions of two critical groups of stakeholders, whose voices are rarely heard: leaders of community initiatives and caregivers. …

  6. Community interventions supporting children affected by HIV in sub-Saharan Africa: a review to derive evidence-based principles for programming

    Approaching 20 years after the first studies drew attention to the issues faced by children and families affected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), evaluation data from programs addressing their circumstances remains limited and clustered, especially when considered in relation to the magnitude of donor spending. A review of evaluation evidence was conducted to derive programming principles for interventions supporting HIV-affected children in sub-Saharan Africa, including care and support, cash transfer and HIV-prevention interventions. …

  7. Looking within: creating community safety nets for vulnerable youth in Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania

    This case study describes the work of a program implemented by Youth Alive Tanzania, a faith-based organization in Dar-es-Salaam, which created The Youth and Parents Crisis Counseling Center (YOPAC) in 1999. YOPAC was established by Youth Alive with the specific aim of helping children and youth protect their access to education, including primary and secondary education, as well as vocational training. YOPAC's other activities include home-based care, HIV testing and counseling, psychosocial care and support, education, and outreach programming. …

  8. Breaking barriers project: Kenya, Uganda and Zambia. End-term evaluation report

    Breaking Barriers Project (BB) is a US$ 11,500,000 program implemented over five years in Kenya, Uganda and Zambia. The Strategic Objective of the Breaking Barriers project is: To expand sustainable, effective, quality OVC programs in education, psychosocial support and community-based care for children and families affected by HIV and AIDS, using an extensive network of schools (both formal and informal) and religious institutions as a coordinated platform for rapid scale up and scale out. …

  9. Innovations in education: the role of the education sector in combating HIV/AIDS

    From 2002-2005 Africare implemented the Community Based Care, Protection and Empowerment (COPE) for Children Affected by AIDS (CABA) project in Mutasa District of Zimbabwe. The goal of the project was to encourage shared responsibility for orphans and vulnerable children by increasing community capacity to respond to the needs of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC). …

  10. A situational analysis on the status of women's and children's rights in Zimbabwe 2005-2010: A call for reducing disparities and improving equity

    The purpose of the Situation Analysis of Children and Women in Zimbabwe is to consider the situation facing children and women in 2010 and analyse how this affects the realisation of their rights. This Situation Analysis takes into account statistical trends, policies and budgets relating to the rights and welfare of girls, boys and women. While the report provides a brief review of the historical background, its primary focus is an analysis of the present situation with a view to assessing the future prospects for supporting children and women's rights.

  11. National response to psychosocial needs of children: three year strategic plan 2008-2010

    This strategic plan is aimed at ensuring that all children in need of psychosocial support (PSS) in Swaziland are reached. It will further strengthen and standardize the quality of PSS training, service delivery and finally advocate for mainstreaming of PSS in all programmes targeting children in the country. The strategy advocates that all PSS interventions should be grounded in the Swazi culture. …

  12. Bantwana schools integrated program (BSIP) Swaziland child profiling tool

    The Child Profiling Tool is designed to help look at critical aspects of child development in Swazi schools as part of the Bantwana Schools Integrated Program (BSIP). BSIP was launched in April 2008 with the aim to help children orphaned and made vulnerable by HIV and AIDS access the full range of support and comprehensive care they need to grow into healthy adults. The BSIP in Swaziland works to support school committees and schools to provide a range of comprehensive services for vulnerable children. …

  13. AIDS mitigation initiative to enhance care and support in Bikava, Lubumbashi and Matadi (AMITIE project)

    The AIDS Mitigation Initiative to Enhance Care and Support in Bukavu, Lubumbashi and Matadi (AMITIE) Project was a four-year community-led, cross-sectoral project to reduce transmission and mitigate the impact of HIV and AIDS in three of Democratic Republic of the Congo's (DRC) major urban centers through sustainable, community-led and multisectoral support to People Living with HIV (PLHIV) and Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC). …

  14. Toolkit for positive change: providing family-focused results-driven and cost-effective programming for orphans and vulnerable children

    The Positive Change: Children, Communities and Care (PC3) Program is a five-year (2004-2009) integrated and comprehensive program designed to provide care and support to more than half a million orphaned and vulnerable children and their families throughout the country of Ethiopia. The Program emphasizes community-based, results-oriented, and family-focused efforts which reduce the negative impact of HIV and AIDS on children, families and communities and increases capacity of local organizations and communities to positively respond to the needs of OVC. …

  15. USAID Project Profiles: Children affected by HIV/AIDS

    This document describes projects that aim at combine HIV/AIDS prevention with care and support for affected children and their families. This report, which updates the first and second editions (published October 2001 and July 2002 respectively), presents projects profiles for 83 country specific and 16 regional or global projects currently funded by USAID. …

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