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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Old enough to know: Consulting children about sex and AIDS education in Africa

    This compelling study, comprising of a sample of eight schools in three countries in sub-Saharan Africa -Kenya, South Africa and Tanzania - examines the sources, contents and processes of children´s community-based sexual knowledges and asks how these knowledges interact with AIDS education programmes in school. Old enough to know showcases the possibilities of consulting pupils using engaging, interactive and visual methods including digital still photography, mini-video documentaries, as well as interviews and observations. …

  2. Is peer education the best approach for HIV prevention in schools? Findings from a randomized controlled trial

    The purpose of the research was to evaluate the effectiveness of peer education when compared to teacher-led curricula in AIDS prevention programs conducted in schools in Rome, Italy. The only apparent benefit of the peer-led intervention, compared to that led by teachers, was a greater improvement in knowledge of HIV. Neither of the interventions induced changes in sexual behavior. However, the role of possible biases and methodological problems must be considered when interpreting these results.

  3. Talk what others think you can’t talk: HIV/AIDS clubs as peer education in Ugandan schools

    In this article, we make the case that HIV/AIDS clubs in Ugandan schools provide valuable information to students who may not have easy access to health services. As one club motto suggests, the clubs ‘talk what others think you can’t talk’. The innovative peer education methods, which include drama, popular culture and community outreach all have great appeal to youth, and provide unique opportunities for female students to raise gender issues and develop leadership skills. …

  4. HIV/AIDS in the workplace: a case study from higher education

    Purpose – This paper seeks to highlight the nature and possible effect of the South African higher education (HE) sector’s human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) workplace programmes response and progress. Design/methodology/approach – A discourse approach is employed within the contextualization of the role of the South African higher education institution (HEI) in addressing the HIV/AIDS pandemic. Findings – The focus of wellness is rapidly becoming part of any corporate landscape and institutions of HE are an integral part of this landscape. …

  5. Experiences in socio-cultural approaches to HIV prevention education and empowerment in the Caribbean

    This booklet gives a snap shot of the different socio-cultural approaches to HIV/AIDS prevention in the Caribbean. It presents edu-drama, theatre in education and other alternative media interventions that are geared towards empowering youth, their parents and community leaders to live a healthy lifestyle and create a safe environment within their communities.

  6. Early intervention: HIV/AIDS programs for school-aged youth

    This study is an effort to identify low-cost HIV/AIDS awareness programs in in-school as well as community-based settings that target school-age children and particularly adolescent and pre-adolescent youth. The primary objective is to determine the transferability of alternative and community-based programs to a larger scale through programs that use schools as a point of delivery. By sharing information, other programs, either active in HIV/AIDS education or beginning to plan for such programs, can gain from the experiences and information provided. …

  7. A Multi-level Model of Sexual Behavior among Young people in Nyanza, Kenya

    Using data collected from 3645 sexually active grade 6 and 7 students from 160 schools and applying hierarchical linear models, this study estimates the impact of individual, school and community level variables on condom use among sexually experienced young people in Nyanza, Kenya. Based on the findings, the document recommends that AIDS prevention interventions take account not only of individual-level factors, but also school and community influences on the sexual behaviours of youth.

  8. Where the heart is: meeting the psychosocial needs of young children in the context of HIV/AIDS

    An output of a series of workshops on psychosocial support held in 2004-2005 by the Bernard van Leer Foundation and the Coalition on Children Affected by AIDS. Authors Linda Richter, Geoff Foster and Lorraine Sherr discuss the issues surrounding psychosocial care and support for children made vulnerable by the HIV/AIDS pandemic and make recommendations for future priorities and programming directions. Includes the ""Call To Action"" for Toronto 2006.

  9. The impact of individual differences on the willingness of teachers in Mozambique to communicate about HIV/AIDS in schools and communities

    The overall purpose of this study was to understand what factors contribute to teachers' willingness to communicate about HIV/AIDS in the broad educational setting (schools and communities). The study sought to fill the gap in the research on teachers and HIV/AIDS which has typically focused on cataloguing teachers' knowledge and attitudes, but without relating them directly to practice. …

  10. Quantifying effects of illness and death on education at school level: implications for HIV/AIDS responses

    The purpose of this project was to quantify and understand impacts of HIV/AIDS on education, many of which will be carried by poor households and communities, and provide information to feed into multi-sectoral strategy to mitigate negative impacts. Schools and school communities are critical points of intervention in South Africa.

  11. Protecting the next generation in sub-saharan Africa: learning from adolescents to prevent HIV and unintended pregnancy

    This report presents key findings from nationally representative surveys conducted in 2004 among 12-19-year-olds in four African countries-Burkina Faso, Ghana, Malawi and Uganda-with the goal of guiding programs, policies and investments aimed at improving adolescent sexual and reproductive health. It is based on research conducted as part of a multiyear project, called Protecting the Next Generation: Understanding HIV Risk Among Youth. …

  12. Preventing HIV/AIDS in young people: A systematic review of the evidence from developing countries [Steady, ready, go]

    In 1995, WHO in collaboration with UNFPA and UNICEF convened a study group on programming for adolescent health and development. One of the products of this group was a joint technical report publication on Programming for adolescent health and development. …

  13. Planning and evaluation for gender equality in education in the context of HIV and AIDS

    This paper aims to explore issues of gender in relation to planning for education development in the context of tackling HIV and AIDS. It is becoming increasingly clear that as far as sub-Saharan Africa is concerned, unless measures are taken to mitigate the impact of AIDS on the education system and children in particular, it is unlikely that universal primary education will be achieved by 2015. Other regions of the world cannot afford to be complacent as many national epidemics continue to grow in magnitude. …

  14. Mitigating the impact of HIV/AIDS in Ghana: the role of education

    Since the first clinical evidence of HIV/AIDS was reported in 1981, the epidemic continues to escalate at an alarming rate and has now become a full-blown developmental crisis in the world. Africa is the most affected continent and at the end of the year 2002 she had 28.1 million of the world's estimated 42 million people living with HIV. …

  15. Mitigating the Impact of the Epidemic on Development. Responding to the socio-economic impact of the HIV epidemic in Sub-Saharan Africa: Why a systems approach is needed. The HIV Epidemic and the Education Sector in sub-Saharan Africa

    Analyses and responses to the HIV epidemic remain rooted in a mind set which while it was relevant 5 or more years ago may no longer be so. Or at least what is written, said, thought and done about the development implications of the HIV epidemic are no longer sufficient. There is still a lack of clarity about the ways in which development affects the course of the HIV epidemic, such as the role of poverty in transmission of the virus and how families cope with the poverty caused by illness and death. …

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