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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. A road map for school health promotion, a model for cognitive-oriented school health policy making and implementing policies for schools

    Background: School health promotion programs implemented in different countries have experienced varying degrees of success. Their success rate depends on various factors such as adaptation with the local charactristics of communities. Objectives: This paper aims to provide an experimental model for school health policy making in a large group of non-governmental schools in Iran. Materials and Methods: To institutionalize school health policies, appropriate organizational structure was established at the headquarters. …

  2. Building Strength on Strength: Lessons from Communiity Responses to HIV in Northern Thailand

    The purpose of this publication is to share some of Thailand’s experiences and lessons learned in its response to HIV with other developing countries and development partners within the region and beyond. Thailand is one of the very first countries to have achieved the Sixth Millennium Development Goal target to reverse the spread of HIV by 2015 well in advance of the target date. …

  3. A Review of Socio-Economic Empowerment Initiatives for Women Living with HIV in Asia

    This review of socio-economic empowerment initiatives for women living with HIV in Asia complements the assessment of the Women and Wealth Project (WWP), supported by the United Nations Development Programme Asia-Pacific Regional Centre and implemented by the Population and Community Development Association of Thailand. The purpose of this review is to compare the approach used in the WWP with those employed in other ten similar initiatives in Cambodia, China, India, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam and make recommendations based upon the findings of the WWP assessment and the review.

  4. Programs to address child marriage: Framing the problem

    Child marriage violates girls’ human rights and adversely affects their health and well-being. While age at marriage is increasing in most regions of the developing world, early marriage persists for large populations. Worldwide, it is estimated that more than one out of three women aged 20–24 were married before age 18, and one out of seven were married before age 15. There is great variation in child marriage practices across and within regions and between ethnic and religious groups. Eradicating child marriage has long been on the agenda of the United Nations and of individual countries. …

  5. People Living with HIV Stigma Index - Asia Pacific Regional Analysis, 2011

    This report provides findings from the rollout of the People Living with HIV Stigma Index (PLHIV Stigma Index) in nine countries in Asia and the Pacific (Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Fiji, Myanmar, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand). It provides the first large-scale regional comparison of standardized human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related stigma indicators. It shows that stigma and discrimination have profound implications for HIV prevention, treatment, care and support. …

  6. These days virginity is just a feeling: heterosexuality and change in young urban Vietnamese men

    This paper argues that young Vietnamese men's beliefs around women's changing sexual identities and habits generate some anxiety around their own heterosexual abilities, while contributing to growing doubts around 'traditional' masculine advantage within sexual relations. It explores this notion in regard to eight Vietnamese men aged 18-30 years, interviewed over 13 months of fieldwork in Hanoi, Vietnam. …

  7. Men are changing. Case study evidence on work with men and boys to promote gender equality and positive masculinities

    Men are changing. Case study evidence on work with men and boys to promote gender equality and positive masculinities is a document that aims to strengthen and broaden the evidence base on working with men and boys. It describes and analyzes 12 programmes from around the world that sought to alter the attitudes and behaviours of men in relation to sexuality, sexual and reproductive health, violence and relationships. …

  8. USAID Project Profiles: Children affected by HIV/AIDS

    This document describes projects that aim at combine HIV/AIDS prevention with care and support for affected children and their families. This report, which updates the first and second editions (published October 2001 and July 2002 respectively), presents projects profiles for 83 country specific and 16 regional or global projects currently funded by USAID. …

  9. Toolkit for targeted HIV/AIDS prevention and care in sex work settings

    This toolkit was published in 2005 by the WHO. This toolkit is intended for use by anyone involved in HIV prevention initiatives in sex work settings. The purpose of this toolkit is to make both published and unpublished information more accessible to a wider audience, and so to contribute to global efforts to develop and scale up effective HIV interventions in sex work settings. Most of the items in this toolkit focus on HIV prevention in such settings. Less information is available on treatment, care and support for sex workers living with HIV. …

  10. Strategies to improve reproductive health services for adolescents in Bangladesh: a community-based study

    This study, conducted by ICDDR, B: Centre for Health and Population Research in collaboration with Concerned Women for Family Development (CWFD), aimed at determining the relative benefits of an integrated adolescent-development programme that combined reproductive health education, community sensitization, livelihood skill-training (ST), and a savings and credit scheme. The study was conducted in Dhaka (urban) and Noagaon (rural). In total, 900 female and 900 male adolescents were enrolled. This document is available online at http://202.136.7.26/images/wp164.pdf#

  11. HIV/AIDS and poverty: the impact of HIV/AIDS in the ESCAP region

    Chapter in: Fifth Asian and Pacific Population Conference Selected Papers.

  12. Adolescent girls in India choose a better future: an impact assessment

    A summary report of a cross-sectional comparative impact study to assess the impact of CEDPA's Better Life Options Programme (BLP) on the decision making and reproductive health behaviour of adolescent alumnae girls who graduated from the programmes in the peri-urban slums of Delhi, rural Madhya Pradesh and rural Gujarat in India. The study compared BLP alumnae who completed the programme between 1996 and 1999 with a similar control group of young women (ages 15-26) who had not been exposed to the programme.

  13. HIV/AIDS in the Middle East and North Africa: the costs of inaction

    This book reviews the human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) situation in the Middle East, North Africa, and Eastern Mediterranean (MENA/EM) region, and is intended to stimulate discussion and promote dialogue among the region's policyand decisionmakers. It seeks to provide a framework for multisectoral strategic action to reduce behaviors that risk spreading HIV, to care for and support those who become infected, and to diminish vulnerability among specific segments of society. …

  14. HIV and AIDS in China: The emerging response from UK based international development NGOs

    It is now recognised that China stands on the brink of a humanitarian disaster due to HIV, with over one million already infected and UN estimates that this will exceed ten million by 2010. Over one-fifth of the world's population live in China, which is undergoing rapid social change with liberalisation of the economy. There is currently a mass migration of men to meet the needs of economic growth. It is in this environment that sexual risk and injecting drug use behaviours flourish, and HIV spreads. …

  15. Communities facing the HIV/AIDS challenge: From crisis to opportunity, from community vulnerability to community resilience

    Rural households are managing as best they can in a rapidly changing and often threatening world which makes them vulnerable to the risk of HIV infection and ill-equipped to cope with the effects of AIDS. Their chances of managing can be improved if they function in a supportive environment. …

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