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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Toolkit for targeted HIV/AIDS prevention and care in sex work settings

    This toolkit was published in 2005 by the WHO. This toolkit is intended for use by anyone involved in HIV prevention initiatives in sex work settings. The purpose of this toolkit is to make both published and unpublished information more accessible to a wider audience, and so to contribute to global efforts to develop and scale up effective HIV interventions in sex work settings. Most of the items in this toolkit focus on HIV prevention in such settings. Less information is available on treatment, care and support for sex workers living with HIV. …

  2. Strategies to improve reproductive health services for adolescents in Bangladesh: a community-based study

    This study, conducted by ICDDR, B: Centre for Health and Population Research in collaboration with Concerned Women for Family Development (CWFD), aimed at determining the relative benefits of an integrated adolescent-development programme that combined reproductive health education, community sensitization, livelihood skill-training (ST), and a savings and credit scheme. The study was conducted in Dhaka (urban) and Noagaon (rural). In total, 900 female and 900 male adolescents were enrolled. This document is available online at http://202.136.7.26/images/wp164.pdf#

  3. HIV/AIDS and poverty: the impact of HIV/AIDS in the ESCAP region

    Chapter in: Fifth Asian and Pacific Population Conference Selected Papers.

  4. Adolescent girls in India choose a better future: an impact assessment

    A summary report of a cross-sectional comparative impact study to assess the impact of CEDPA's Better Life Options Programme (BLP) on the decision making and reproductive health behaviour of adolescent alumnae girls who graduated from the programmes in the peri-urban slums of Delhi, rural Madhya Pradesh and rural Gujarat in India. The study compared BLP alumnae who completed the programme between 1996 and 1999 with a similar control group of young women (ages 15-26) who had not been exposed to the programme.

  5. People's development: a community governance tool

    From the Foreword. Community governance through developing local people’s potentials and rediscovering indigenous wisdom, knowledge base and other resources provide a solid platform for building a community’s HIV resilience. This approach, based on traditional South-East Asian culture, also equips the rural communities to be competitive in the global economy. As part of the UNDP South East Asia HIV and Development Project’s effort to document good practice, this is one of the series on community models.

  6. Our families, our friends, an action guide: mobilise your community for HIV/AIDS prevention and care

    Using the experience of Mae Chan community (Thailand), this UNDP paper aims to identify and document best practice to help build up resilience to withstand the impact of HIV/AIDS.

  7. National HIV/AIDS Strategy 1999-2000 to 2003-2004: Changes and challenges

    In this national HIV/AIDS Strategy Australia leads the way in responding to the challenges posed by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. In providing direction for Australia's continuing response to HIV/AIDS, this strategy builds on the experience and knowledge that has been developed in Australia during nearly two decades of combating the virus.

  8. Mae Chan workshop on integrated community mobilization towards effective multisectoral HIV/AIDS prevention and care

    The Mae Chan community response to HIV/AIDS has been chosen and documented by the United Nations Joint Programme on AIDS as a "good practice" example. To bring the objectives of the UNAIDS' "good practice""documentation one step further, the UNDP South East Asia HIV and Development Project (UNDP-SEAHIV) in collaboration with UNAIDS-APICT, organized a training workshop in Mae Chan from 20 to 22 November 2000. …

  9. HIV/AIDS in the Middle East and North Africa: the costs of inaction

    This book reviews the human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) situation in the Middle East, North Africa, and Eastern Mediterranean (MENA/EM) region, and is intended to stimulate discussion and promote dialogue among the region's policyand decisionmakers. It seeks to provide a framework for multisectoral strategic action to reduce behaviors that risk spreading HIV, to care for and support those who become infected, and to diminish vulnerability among specific segments of society. …

  10. HIV and AIDS in China: The emerging response from UK based international development NGOs

    It is now recognised that China stands on the brink of a humanitarian disaster due to HIV, with over one million already infected and UN estimates that this will exceed ten million by 2010. Over one-fifth of the world's population live in China, which is undergoing rapid social change with liberalisation of the economy. There is currently a mass migration of men to meet the needs of economic growth. It is in this environment that sexual risk and injecting drug use behaviours flourish, and HIV spreads. …

  11. Communities facing the HIV/AIDS challenge: From crisis to opportunity, from community vulnerability to community resilience

    Rural households are managing as best they can in a rapidly changing and often threatening world which makes them vulnerable to the risk of HIV infection and ill-equipped to cope with the effects of AIDS. Their chances of managing can be improved if they function in a supportive environment. …

  12. Building blocks: Asia. Briefing notes for communities working with orphans and vulnerable children

    Building Blocks: Asia is a series of practical briefing notes to assist policy-makers, non-governmental organisations (NGOs), community-based organisations (CBOs), local government and communities to respond to the needs of children affected by HIV and AIDS in Asia. The development of the guides followed a similar process to the “Building Blocks Africa-wide briefing notes”, while developing completely new guidance based on regional priorities. There are seven briefing notes, comprising six topics and an overview. …

  13. Adolescents: orphaned and vulnerable in the time of HIV/AIDS

    This paper first introduces the key issues regarding orphaned and vulnerable adolescents in the time of HIV/AIDS, including the developmental needs specific to adolescents. The second chapter summarizes the limited studies and programs working primarily with adolescents orphaned due to AIDS. Following are four case studies that demonstrate different strategies for working with adolescent orphans and other youth vulnerable to HIV/AIDS, reflecting different cultural and programmatic approaches relevant to Africa, Asia, and Eastern Europe. …

  14. Nurturing a Community-based Response: A Special Report on the Impact of ActionAid's HIV/AIDS Work During 1998

    Provides and overview of work with HIV/AIDS in Africa and Asia focussing on the challenge to find ways to asses its impact. While acknowledging their limitations of a) identifying specific behaviour changes and b) attributing it solely to their programme efforts, ActionAid offers a range of qualitative data that demonstrate different levels of change. Recognising its own need to increase monitoring outputs, the organisation also challenges the narrowness of the current monitoring and evaluation criteria and suggests a creative area that would accept a wider variety of data.

  15. Community participation in HIV prevention: problems and prospects for community-based strategies among female sex workers in Madras

    This paper examines the concept of strengthening community action within the context of HIV prevention. There is evidence of the potential role of community participation in HIV/AIDS prevention and care efforts. This paper examines problems and prospects for participation in HIV prevention strategies among commercial sex workers in Madras. It is based on the experiences of a pilot project established by the Tamil Nadu State Government AIDS Cell and WHO.

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