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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Creating village champions for girls’ education

    Families, communities and village governments are often the key decision-makers regarding girls’ lives. They can also be the most difficult to persuade in terms of delaying girls’ marriages. Their support can ensure that changes initiated by Samata are sustained well after the end of the programme.

  2. School Health Profiles 2014: characteristics of health programs among secondary schools

    In the United States, more than 54 million young people are enrolled in elementary and secondary schools. Because young people attend school about six hours a day approximately 180 days per year, schools are in a unique position to help improve the health status of children and adolescents throughout the United States. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in collaboration with state and local education and health agencies, developed the School Health Profiles (Profiles) to measure school health policies and practices. …

  3. Social cash transfers to support children and families affected by HIV/AIDS

    In response to the critical need of affected children and families, the compelling evidence for their benefits, and the receptive environment on the part of governments and donors, several local and international organizations are piloting cash transfers programmes as a mechanism to mitigate the impact of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) on affected communities in sub- Saharan Africa. Few programmes, however, are conceptualized or implemented within a broader framework of social protection, socioeconomic development or human rights. …

  4. Orphan competent communities: a framework for community analysis and action

    Vulnerable children in Africa have traditionally been absorbed and supported by their communities. However, in the context of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and poverty, communities are increasingly stretched, compromising the quality of care available to children affected by AIDS. This calls for an understanding of the processes that best facilitate the capacity of communities to provide good quality care and support. In the interests of furthering debate and practice in this area, we seek to develop an analytical framework that builds upon two inter-linked strands. …

  5. Looking within: creating community safety nets for vulnerable youth in Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania

    This case study describes the work of a program implemented by Youth Alive Tanzania, a faith-based organization in Dar-es-Salaam, which created The Youth and Parents Crisis Counseling Center (YOPAC) in 1999. YOPAC was established by Youth Alive with the specific aim of helping children and youth protect their access to education, including primary and secondary education, as well as vocational training. YOPAC's other activities include home-based care, HIV testing and counseling, psychosocial care and support, education, and outreach programming. …

  6. Annual Report 2006

    The Young Empowered and Healthy (Y.E.A.H) Initiative is a multi-channel communication campaign by and for young people that combines mass media, person-to-person dialogue, and community media. The mission of Y.E.A.H is to stimulate dialogue and action among communities, families, schools, and health institutions; and model positive practices through local and national media. Y.E.A.H is designed to contribute to a reduction in the incidence of HIV and early pregnancy and to contribute to an increase in the proportion of young people that complete primary education and beyond. …

  7. Community reaction to older age parental AIDS caregivers and their families: evidence from Cambodia

    This article examines community reaction in Cambodia to families from the perspective of parents of adults who died of AIDS or currently receive antiretroviral therapy. Survey evidence and open-ended interviews reveal a mixture of reactions related to social relations, interactions with local officials, gossip, business patronage, funeral participation, and orphaned grandchildren. Positive support is often dominant and reactions typically improve substantially over time. Misplaced fears of contagion through casual contact underlie most negative reactions. …

  8. Expanding the role of networks of people living with HIV/AIDS in Uganda: the Networks Model project 2006-2009. USAID project-end report

    This report outlines the background, achievements and lessons learned during the start up, implementation and close out of the Alliance's three-year United States Agency for International Development - funded project, Expanding the Role of Networks of People Living with HIV/AIDS in Uganda (the Networks Model project). The report aims to support learning across the Alliance's programmes and the wider HIV response.

  9. Siyam'kela: Measuring HIV/AIDS-related stigma, A literature review

    Stigma has been identified as a complex, diverse and deeply rooted phenomenon that is dynamic in different cultural settings. As a collective social process rather than a mere reflection of an individual's subjective behaviour, it operates by producing and reproducing social structures of power, hierarchy, class and exclusion and by transforming difference (class, race, ethnicity, health status, sexual orientation and gender) into inequality. This document is a literature review about stigma in every sense of the word.

  10. Toolkit for positive change: providing family-focused results-driven and cost-effective programming for orphans and vulnerable children

    The Positive Change: Children, Communities and Care (PC3) Program is a five-year (2004-2009) integrated and comprehensive program designed to provide care and support to more than half a million orphaned and vulnerable children and their families throughout the country of Ethiopia. The Program emphasizes community-based, results-oriented, and family-focused efforts which reduce the negative impact of HIV and AIDS on children, families and communities and increases capacity of local organizations and communities to positively respond to the needs of OVC. …

  11. Papua New Guinea National Strategic Plan on HIV/AIDS, 2006-2010

    The government's National Strategic Plan (NSP) on HIV/AIDS, 2004-2008 is the second National Plan succeeding the Medium Term Plan (1998-2002). Over the past fifteen years, the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Papua New Guinea (PNG) reached significant heights calling for renewed energies and directions to contain a fast spreading epidemic. PNG has recently been declared the fourth country in the Asia-Pacific region with a generalised epidemic. The National Strategic Plan places priority on seven focus areas : 1. Treatment, counselling, care and support; 2. Education and prevention; 3. …

  12. Child participation in education initiatives

    This guide from CRS/Zimbabwe addresses child participation in many aspects of programming. Child participation is one of the guiding principles of the convention on the rights of the child and increasing the scope and level of child participation should be an objective for every education or child protection program. This guide presents many useful suggestions for ways to increase child participation, but what is required most of all is a belief in the value of child participation and a commitment to making it happen in a meaningful way. …

  13. A community-based response on sexual violence against women

    This guide is for field-based refugees workers including UN system, NGOs and governments staff in the health, community services, protection and other related sectors. The booklet presents guidelines in assessing the problem of sexual violence identifying key players in a practical response to the problem, drawing up guidelines on steps to be taken, and roles and responsibilities of actors, setting criteria for selecting team members, organizing training, and evaluating the programme.

  14. Linking pregnancy prevention to youth development

    This volume addresses the value of motivating teens to delay childbearing and expand their educational and economic goals. The volume explores critical components of these programmes and identifies successful strategies. Models demonstrate linking adolescent health programmes and services, including family life education and contraceptive services, to youth development.

  15. Designing effective family life education programs

    This third volume of "Communities responding to the challenge of adolescent pregnancy prevention" explains the components of effective sexuality education and provides guidance in planning and implementing sexuality education programmes.

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