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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Engaging communities in dialogue on gender norms to tackle sexual violence in and around schools

    The purpose of this technical note is to 1) explain how gender norms shape sexual violence, and why it is critical to incorporate dialogue and action on gender norms in SRGBV interventions, and 2) identify promising approaches to addressing gender norms within programs aimed at ending SRGBV, and sexual violence in particular. …

  2. Safe Schools Program: Final report

    The Safe Schools Program (Safe Schools) was a five-year initiative (2003-2008) funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), Office of Women in Development and implemented by DevTech Systems, Inc. (DevTech). This program was at the forefront of defining, understanding and addressing school-related gender-based violence (SRGBV). In 2003, gender-based violence in schools was considered a significant obstacle both to achieving the Education for All (EFA) goals, and to reducing the spread of HIV/AIDS. …

  3. Evidence for gender responsive actions to prevent violence: Young people’s health as a whole-of-society response

    The publication summarizes current knowledge on what works in preventing and managing violence. It is part of a series that includes social and emotional well-being, chronic conditions and disabilities, adolescent pregnancy, HIV/STIs, overweight and obesity, violence, injuries and substance abuse. The publication assumes the position that young people’s health is the responsibility of the whole society, and that interventions need to be gender responsive in order to be successful. …

  4. Policy analysis and advocacy decision model for services for key populations in Kenya

    From 2010–2012, the global Health Policy Project (funded by the United States Agency for International Development), in partnership with African Men for Sexual Health and Rights (AMSHeR), developed Policy Analysis and Advocacy Decision Model for HIV-Related Services: Males Who Have Sex with Males, Transgender People, and Sex Workers (Beardsley K., 2013), hereafter referred to as the Decision Model. …

  5. Inviting Backchat: How schools and communities in Ghana, Swaziland and Kenya support children to contextualise knowledge and create agency through sexuality education

    Education about sex, relationships and HIV and AIDS in African contexts is riddled with socio-cultural complexity. In this paper the authors argue that in extreme contexts education can lead change further by developing young people as significant actors in their own lives and in the lives of the community by bringing about change in attitudes in the community, as well as practices in schools. …

  6. Doorways III: Teacher reference materials on school-related gender-based violence prevention and response

    The overall goal of the training program is to increase teachers' knowledge and shift attitudes and behaviors so that they may prevent school-related gender-based violence (SR GBV) and respond to students who have experienced SR GBV. …

  7. Doorways II: Community counselor training manual on school-related gender-based violence prevention and response

    The Doorways program is a series of manuals targeting three key audiences: teachers, students and community members. These three groups can create a critical mass in schools that will bring about transformative, lasting change. …

  8. Community Action on HIV and AIDS

    This handbook is designed to help church leaders in dealing with social, cultural and economic issues related to the AIDS epidemic at community level. It contains sections on topics such as the sexual abuse of children, domestic violence, widow inheritance and property grabbing by relatives-issues which have been exacerbated in many African countries by the AIDS epidemic.

  9. Adolescent sexual and reproductive health toolkit for humanitarian settings. A companion to the inter-agency field manual on reproductive health in humanitarian settings

    The Adolescent and Sexual Reproductive Health (ASRH) Toolkit for Humanitarian Settings provides information and guidance to advocate for ASRH and implement adolescent-inclusive SRH interventions. The toolkit is meant to accompany Chapter 4 "Adolescent Reproductive Health" of the Inter-Agency Field Manual on Reproductive Health in humanitarian settings. …

  10. The role of religious communities in addressing gender-based violence and HIV

    This report summarizes the USAID project titled "The Role of Religious Communities in Addressing Gender-based Violence and HIV". Recognizing the importance of collaborating to prevent and reduce gender-based violence (GBV) and HIV among women and girls, the Initiative partners formulated the project to improve the capacity of religious leaders and faith-based organizations (FBOs) to respond to GBV and its links to HIV. FBOs, religious communities and, in particular, religious leaders, are often key catalysts for positive social change. …

  11. Doorways II: Community counselor reference materials on school-related gender-based violence prevention and response

    The Doorways training program was designed by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID)-funded Safe Schools Program to enable teachers, community members and students to prevent and respond to school-related gender-based violence (SRGBV). Violence in and around schools is a worldwide problem with serious implications for the educational attainment, health and well-being of all children. …

  12. Doorways I: Student training manual on school-related gender-based violence prevention and response

    The Doorways training program was designed by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID)-funded Safe Schools Program to enable teachers, community members and students to prevent and respond to school-related gender-based violence (SRGBV). 1 Violence in and around schools is a worldwide problem with serious implications for the educational attainment, health and well-being of all children. …

  13. Integrating Multiple Gender Strategies to Improve HIV and AIDS interventions: A Compendium of programs in Africa

    The public health and international development communities have known for nearly two decades that gender - the way in which societies define acceptable roles, responsibilities, and behaviors of women and men - strongly influences how HIV spreads and how people respond to the epidemic. Because of the interrelated factors that contribute to HIV infection, there is growing recognition that using multiple approaches in HIV and AIDS programming is more effective than single strategies. …

  14. HIV and emergencies: one size does not fit all

    The dynamics and impact of HIV in humanitarian crises are complex. They depend on the kind of crisis: is it the result of conflict, a rapid-onset natural disaster (such as a flood or cyclone), or a slow-onset emergency caused by drought or environmental degradation? It also depends on the HIV prevalence rate before the crisis, the political situation, the scale and duration of the crisis, the existing infrastructure and services and the level of awareness of HIV. Case studies from five countries facing very different emergencies and HIV prevalence rates were backed by a literature review. …

  15. Gender equality, HIV, and AIDS: a challenge for the education sector

    The book shows that while gender inequalities in society generally, and particularly within the education sector, are driving aspects of the HIV epidemic, educational settings can be empowering and bring about change. It examines different expectations of what HIV education programmes and education settings can do to transform unequal gender relations and protect young people against HIV and AIDS and contribute to care for those affected and infected. …

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