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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Community-academic partnerships in HIV-related research: a systematic literature review of theory and practice

    Introduction: Community involvement in HIV research has increased over recent years, enhancing community-academic partnerships. Several terms have been used to describe community participation in research. Clarification is needed to determine whether these terms are synonymous or actually describe different research processes. In addition, it remains unclear if the role that communities play in the actual research process follows the recommendations given in theoretical frameworks of community-academia research. …

  2. Mapping HIV services and policies for adolescents: A survey of ten countries in sub-Saharan Africa

    PEPFAR and USAID, in collaboration with UNICEF, supported AIDSTAR-One in conducting a mapping activity to identify HIV policies and services for adolescents in 10 sub-Saharan African countries: Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. This technical report summarizes AIDSTAR-One’s findings and is a resource for program planners and policymakers working to improve services and policies for HIV prevention, care, and treatment among adolescents and ALHIV in sub-Saharan Africa. …

  3. Orphan and vulnerable children: health policy interventions in India

    This paper reviews and discusses studies and interventions which have addressed the problems and concerns of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in India. Most of the research and commentary on OVC is based on investigations conducted in African countries. Accordingly, this review focuses on OVC in India in order to facilitate further critical discussion and the development of appropriate programmes and policies for the Indian context. …

  4. Generating demand and community support for sexual and reproductive health services for young people: a review of the literature and programmes

    To support the health sector in identifying and implementing a few strategic, do-able, evidence-based interventions to create demand for sexual and reproductive health services by adolescents who need them and to stimulate community acceptance and support for their provision, a global review of the evidence was compiled. Using a standard methodology, evidence from thirty studies was reviewed on interventions for generating demand through the provision of information, education and communication via several different channels. …

  5. HIV/AIDS in Haiti: A Literature Review

    This literature review was conducted using the PubMed database, the Center for Communication Programs (CCP)'s Popline service, and the Google search engine. Sources included in this review were limited to those published after 1990 in English or French. …

  6. Supporting the educational needs of HIV-positive learners: a desk-based study

    The purpose of this desk-based research was to review policy with respect to the education of HIV-positive children and to examine how their education can be encouraged and supported in primary and secondary school settings. This was done through an appraisal of the scientific literature that had a bearing on the special needs of the children, and the public statements of national and international organizations dealing with the epidemic. …

  7. Siyam'kela: Measuring HIV/AIDS-related stigma, A literature review

    Stigma has been identified as a complex, diverse and deeply rooted phenomenon that is dynamic in different cultural settings. As a collective social process rather than a mere reflection of an individual's subjective behaviour, it operates by producing and reproducing social structures of power, hierarchy, class and exclusion and by transforming difference (class, race, ethnicity, health status, sexual orientation and gender) into inequality. This document is a literature review about stigma in every sense of the word.

  8. Integrating Multiple Gender Strategies to Improve HIV and AIDS interventions: A Compendium of programs in Africa

    The public health and international development communities have known for nearly two decades that gender - the way in which societies define acceptable roles, responsibilities, and behaviors of women and men - strongly influences how HIV spreads and how people respond to the epidemic. Because of the interrelated factors that contribute to HIV infection, there is growing recognition that using multiple approaches in HIV and AIDS programming is more effective than single strategies. …

  9. Good policy and practice in HIV and AIDS and education. Booklet 4: partnerships in practice

    This booklet aims to contribute to improved understanding of partnerships, including what they can achieve as well as challenges to effective partnerships. …

  10. Youth in the Philippines : a review of the youth situation and national policies and programmes

    The monograph contains six chapters: youth development; youth education; youth health; youth employment; youth participation; and conclusions and recommendations. The first chapter on youth development provides an overview of youth participation in national development followed by a review of the national youth policy and programmes. Each of the three chapters on education, health and employment begin with an analysis of policy and followed by a quantitative and a qualitative analysis on youth issues in the relevant area.

  11. Linking pregnancy prevention to youth development

    This volume addresses the value of motivating teens to delay childbearing and expand their educational and economic goals. The volume explores critical components of these programmes and identifies successful strategies. Models demonstrate linking adolescent health programmes and services, including family life education and contraceptive services, to youth development.

  12. Improving contraceptive access for teens

    This fourth volume of "Communities responding to the challenge of adolescent pregnancy prevention" examines the barriers which restrict young people's access to contraception. It discusses key strategies for planning and implementing contraceptive availability programmes, based on effective models.

  13. Building strong foundations, ensuring the future

    This second volume of "Communities responding to the challenge of adolescent pregnancy prevention" provides step-by-step guidance on assessing the needs and assets of youth in the community, developing a strong funding base for programmes, and planning for the evaluation of pregnancy prevention programmes.

  14. Mobilizing for action

    This first volume of "Communities responding to the challenge of adolescent pregnancy prevention" reviews recent research on adolescent pregnancy; describes how to build coalitions; outlines steps for planning and conducting pregnancy prevention campaigns; and provides tips for working with the media, policy makers, and other key stakeholders.

  15. Summary booklet of best practices in Africa

    This booklet attempts to capture details of a range of Best Practices in order to provide useful lessons and offer references for all actors of the International Partnership against AIDS in Africa (IPAA.)

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