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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Policy and institutional frameworks: mainstreaming adolescent reproductive health (ARH) and gender in HIV/AIDS programs: examples from Ethiopia and Uganda

    This document is divided into six parts (Part I-VI). Part I covers (a) the study background including objectives, methodologies and activities; and (b) an overview of the HIV situation among young people and adolescents in the Africa region. Part II and III present key findings from Ethiopia and Uganda, including a review of policies and the institutional environment in both countries in regards to gender, youth, ARH and HIV/AIDS. Part IV includes key findings of six country assessments of youth issues in the Multi-Sector Programs on HIV/AIDS of the World Bank. …

  2. Combining Community Approaches and Government Policy to Prevent HIV Infection in the Dominican Republic

    A recent Horizons study conducted jointly with two Dominican NGO - Centro de Orientación e Investigación Integral (COIN) and Centro de Promoción e Solidaridad Humana (CEPROSH) - and the National Program for the Control of STDs and AIDS (DIGECITSS) assessed the impact of two environmental-structural models in reducing HIV-related risk among female sex workers in the Dominican Republic and compared their cost-effectiveness. …

  3. Notes on the female condom: experiences in Brazil

    A nationwide effort to introduce the female condom (FC) into public health services was undertaken in Brazil in 1998-99. To this end, the Ministry of Health sponsored a national research group of public health professionals, aided by local field workers and supervisors, to conduct a preparatory study at 20 sites in six cities. Clinic health workers were trained to conduct the study. Following an educational session, 2382 women volunteered to use the FC and to report their experiences at follow-up. …

  4. Assessing the Integration of gender and Human Rights in HIV Related Documents and Processes in Selected Southern African Countries. A rapid assessment

    This report presents the findings of a desk study undertaken to assess the integration of gender and human rights in HIV-related documents and processes in Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. It highlights best practices, lessons learned, and areas for future action. The report implies an urgency to move from the status quo, whereby the centrality of gender equality and human rights in the pandemic regionally is underestimated. …

  5. Epidemic of Inequality. Women's Rights and HIV/AIDS in Botswana and Swaziland. An Evidence-Based Report on the Effects of Gender Inequity, Stigma and Discrimination

    Deeply entrenched gender inequities perpetuate the AIDS pandemic in Botswana and Swaziland, the two countries with the highest HIV prevalence in the world. The legal systems in both countries grant women lesser status than men, restricting property, inheritance and other rights. Social, economic and cultural practices create, enforce and perpetuate legalized gender inequalities and discrimination in all aspects of women's lives. …

  6. HIV subverts national security

    Foreword. The AIDS epidemic is perhaps the most destructive force on the planet today. It has already caused more casualties than all of the armed conflicts in recent decades. It infects and affects families, communities, and organizations in every region of the world. Governments and their militaries are not impervious to its devastation as the HIV epidemic subverts their national security. The majority of the AIDS fatalities are among young adults who are the most productive members of a society; those remaining are often children and the elderly. …

  7. Acting early to prevent AIDS: the case of Senegal

    This paper describes the experience of Senegal, a country that has worked hard to prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS, has maintained one of the lowest rates of HIV infection in sub-Saharan Africa. It discusses Senegal's social organization, health sector, marriage patterns and prostitution situation before HIV/AIDS began its rapid spread across much of Africa. …

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