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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Sex and HIV education programs: Their impact on sexual behaviors of young people throughout the world

    This paper reviews 83 studies that measure the impact of curriculum-based sex and HIV education programs on sexual behavior and mediating factors among youth under 25 years anywhere in the world. Two thirds of the programs significantly improved one or more sexual behaviors. The evidence is strong that programs do not hasten or increase sexual behavior but, instead, some programs delay or decrease sexual behaviors or increase condom or contraceptive use. …

  2. Evaluation of HIV/AIDS prevention through peer education, counselling, health care, training and urban refuges in Ghana

    Since 1996, Ireland Aid has supported UNICEF Ghana in the implementation of five activities that promote behaviour change to limit the spread of HIV/AIDS and STIs. The interventions are run by different local organisations, and have provided over 75,000 in and out-of-school youth and commercial sex workers with preventive education. People retained the information given, are knowledgeable about how HIV is transmitted, and can name key preventive methods. They pass on the information to their friends. Commercial sex workers were empowered to support one another in negotiating for safer sex. …

  3. Teacher training and HIV/AIDS prevention in West Africa: regression discontinuity design evidence from the Cameroon

    The authors assess the impact on teenage childbearing as well as student knowledge, attitudes, and behavior of a typical HIV/AIDS teacher training program in the Cameroon. Applying a regression discontinuity design identification strategy based on the key administrative criterion that determined program deployment, they find that 15–17 year old girls in teacher training schools are between 7 and 10 percentage points less likely to have started childbearing, an objective proxy for the incidence of unprotected sex. …

  4. Addressing sexual health and HIV in school. Four initiatives from sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America

    This publication describes three German-supported initiatives in Africa (specifically in Guinea, Mozambique and Tanzania) and one in Latin America (a six-country regional initiative). All integrate sexual health and HIV prevention within school systems. The three African initiatives operate within generalized epidemics driven largely by unprotected sex between men and women. In Latin America general prevalence in the countries described here is well below one percent, and much less among young people. …

  5. My future is my choice [evaluation]

    The overall purpose of the research was to evaluate My Future is My Choice (MFMC), a national peer education HIV prevention life skills programme in Namibia, and to provide recommendations for programme improvement and strengthening. An official extra-curricular life skills program of the Ministry of Education at secondary and combined schools, the MFMC programme seeks to protect young people from HIV infection and sexually transmitted diseases as well as prevent unintended pregnancies.

  6. The application of Intervention Mapping in developing and implementing school-based sexuality and HIV/AIDS education in a developing country context: the case of Tanzania

    Effective sexuality and HIV/AIDS education programmes are needed to protect young people against HIV/AIDS and teenage pregnancy in Tanzania and other Sub-Saharan African countries. Using a theory- and evidence-based approach and adapting the programmes to local contexts, increases the effectiveness of these programmes. This paper describes and discusses the challenges and opportunities concerning the application of Intervention Mapping (IM) in the development and implementation of a sexuality and HIV/AIDS education programme targeting young people aged 12-14 in Tanzania. …

  7. Educational access and HIV prevention: Making the case for education as a health priority in sub-Saharan Africa

    There is much evidence showing an association between sexual behavior and both attendance and attainment. Experimental evidence that school attendance leads to safer sexual behavior is currently under review. Studies suggest several pathways through which sexual behavior, and consequently the risk of HIV infection, may be influenced by schooling. Students attending school have a smaller sexual network and a stronger motivation to avoid the consequences of unprotected sex - both pregnancy and HIV infection - than their out-of-school peers.

  8. Voprosy molodezhi Kyrgystana o VICH/SPIDe, BPPP i otvety na nix. Vol. 8

    This document is the eighth volume of a series of eight question and answers booklets developed in Kyrgyzstan by UNICEF and the GTZ. Similar booklets have been initially developed by GTZ in Tanzania and then adapted to different countries. The present series consists in an adaptation to the needs and cultural context of Kyrgyzstan, based on an inquiry realized among Kyrgyz adolescents. It is designed to equip young people with the necessary knowledge to make healthy choices for themselves and their peers. …

  9. Voprosy molodezhi Kyrgystana o kurenii, alkagole i narkotikax i otvety na nix. Vol. 7

    This document is the seventh volume in a series of eight "question and answer" booklets developed in Kyrgyzstan by UNICEF and the GTZ. Similar booklets have been initially developed by GTZ in Tanzania and then adapted to different countries. The present series consists of an adaptation to the needs and cultural context of Kyrgyzstan, based on a survey realized among Kyrgyz adolescents. It is designed to provide young people with the necessary knowledge to make healthy choices for themselves and their peers. …

  10. Criança livre do HIV/SIDA: Informação para crianças sobre o desenvolvimento do corpo humano, saúde sexual e HIV/SIDA

    Este livro, que foi realizado pela Save The Children UK em Moçambique, procura de forma clara e simples orientar a criança de modo a que esta possa estar informada sozinha, com amigos ou pessoas adultas sobre os vários assuntos relacionados com as DST's/HIV/SIDA. Vários exercícios, desenhos e questionários, permitem à criança ter conhecimento de diferentes temas entre os quais : o corpo humano, o aparelho reprodutor feminino e masculino, as DST's, o HIV/SIDA e o abuso sexual.

  11. Voprosy molodezhi Kyrgystana o seksual'nyx otnoshenijax i otvety na nix. Vol. 4

    This document is the fourth volume in a series of eight "question and answer" booklets developed in Kyrgyzstan by UNICEF and the GTZ. Similar booklets have been initially developed by GTZ in Tanzania and then adapted to different countries. The present series consists of an adaptation to the needs and cultural context of Kyrgyzstan, based on a survey realized among Kyrgyz adolescents. It is designed to provide young people with the necessary knowledge to make healthy choices for themselves and their peers. …

  12. Voprosy molodezhi Kyrgystana o beremennosti i otvety na nix. Vol. 5

    This document is the fifth volume in a series of eight "question and answer" booklets developed in Kyrgyzstan by UNICEF and the GTZ. Similar booklets have been initially developed by GTZ in Tanzania and then adapted to different countries. The present series consists of an adaptation to the needs and cultural context of Kyrgyzstan, based on a survey realized among Kyrgyz adolescents. It is designed to provide young people with the necessary knowledge to make healthy choices for themselves and their peers. …

  13. Voprosy molodezhi Kyrgystana o kontracepcii i besplodii i otvety na nix. Vol. 6

    This document is the sixth volume in a series of eight "question and answer" booklets developed in Kyrgyzstan by UNICEF and the GTZ. Similar booklets have been initially developed by GTZ in Tanzania and then adapted to different countries. The present series consists of an adaptation to the needs and cultural context of Kyrgyzstan, based on a survey realized among Kyrgyz adolescents. It is designed to provide young people with the necessary knowledge to make healthy choices for themselves and their peers. …

  14. Encontros - Fotonovela

    Este documento foi redigido pela Geração BIZ que é um Programa Multisectorial que reúne os Ministérios da Saúde, Educação e Juventude e Desporto na promoçâo da Saúde Sexual e Reprodutiva e Prevenção de DTS/SIDA entre adolescentes e jovens. E uma fotonovela destinada aos adolescentes preocupados com questões de sexualidade, HIV/SIDA, gravidez, contracepção, etc. Com uma série de diálogos entre jovens, esta fotonovela mostra várias situções de vida como por exemplo uma jovem que engravida, um jovem que aprende que é seropositivo, namorados que se preparam a ter a primeira relação sexual. …

  15. Bate Papo - Mesmo amando... não deixe de se proteger! Métodos Anticoncepcionais

    Esta banda desenhada faz parte de uma colecção que foi elaborada pelo Programa Municipal de DST/AIDS de Cubatão no Brasil. O material que é totalmente colorido e destinado a crianças e adolescentes, mete em cena sete jovens á procura de informações sobre o HIV/SIDA. Desta vez, as dúvidas da Turma do Bate Papo estão centradas na difícil decisão do início da vida sexual e suas implicações. A prevenção da gravidez e das doenças sexualmente transmissíveis, e o uso dos métodos de contracepção que muitas vezes nao passam pela cabeça dos jovens que se apaixonam e descobrem como é bom estar juntos. …

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