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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Sexual behavior among persons living with HIV in Uganda: Implications for policy and practice

    Introduction: HIV epidemics are sustained and propagated by new cases of infection which result from transmission from infected persons to uninfected susceptible individuals. People living with HIV (PLHIV) play a critical role in prevention if they adopt safer sexual behaviors. This study estimated the prevalence of and factors associated with safer sexual behaviors among PLHIV seeking care from civil society organizations (CSOs). …

  2. Relatório anual de progresso das actividades de combate ao HIV e SIDA – 2013

    Moçambique mantém a sua classificação entre os dez países mais afectados pelo HIV no mundo. A epidemia ameaça o futuro económico e social do país. Em alguns lugares, mais de um quarto dos adultos estão infectados pelo HIV. Estima-se que aproximadamente um milhão e meio de moçambicanos vivem com o HIV. Cerca de 800 mil são mulheres e cerca de 200 mil são crianças. Cerca de 120 mil novas infecções ocorrem anualmente. Estas acontecem principalmente entre casais serodiscordantes, seguidos de trabalhadoras do sexo comercial, assim como dos múltiplos parceiros concomitantes (GARPR, 2014). …

  3. Characterizing the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the Middle East and North Africa: time for strategic action

    Despite a fair amount of progress on understanding human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemiology globally, the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region is the only region where knowledge of the epidemic continues to be very limited, and subject to much controversy. This report addresses this dearth of strategic information on HIV infections in MENA through a joint effort of the World Bank, the MENA Regional Support Team (RST) of the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), and the Eastern Mediterranean Regional Office (EMRO) of the World Health Organization (WHO). …

  4. Enhancing financial literacy, HIV/AIDS skills, and safe social spaces among vulnerable South African youth

    South Africa is disproportionately affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. The country has less than one percent of the world's 15-24-year-olds, yet these young people account for approximately 14 percent of all global HIV infections among this age group. Young women are at particular risk among 15-24 year-olds, four times as many females as males are living with HIV (16.9 percent versus 4.4 percent) and girls are becoming infected at much faster rates than boys. …

  5. HIV and emergencies: one size does not fit all

    The dynamics and impact of HIV in humanitarian crises are complex. They depend on the kind of crisis: is it the result of conflict, a rapid-onset natural disaster (such as a flood or cyclone), or a slow-onset emergency caused by drought or environmental degradation? It also depends on the HIV prevalence rate before the crisis, the political situation, the scale and duration of the crisis, the existing infrastructure and services and the level of awareness of HIV. Case studies from five countries facing very different emergencies and HIV prevalence rates were backed by a literature review. …

  6. Plan estratégico multisectorial para la prevencion y control de las ITS y el VIH / SIDA en el Peru (2007-2011)

    El Ministerio de Salud (MINSA) ha reportado, según datos oficiales de su Oficina General de Epidemiología (DGE), 18.508 casos de SIDA y 25.454 casos de VIH en el Perú notificados al 31/06/2006 (MINSA, 2006). …

  7. Review of progress and expenditure on the comprehensive plan for HIV and AIDS for South Africa

    In light of the HIV and AIDS situation in the Sub-Saharan Africa, and South Africa in particular, there is an urgent need for governments to roll out the anti-retroviral (ARV) drugs to people living with HIV and AIDS. The South African government is obliged to strengthen its HIV and AIDS interventions for the majority of citizens accessing health services in the public sector. The South African government must as a matter of urgency develop and utilise effective monitoring and evaluating systems to validate the effectiveness and efficiency of its responses to the epidemic. …

  8. What Happened in Uganda? Declining HIV prevalence, Behavior Change, and the National Response

    This document is not intended to provide a definite explanation for Uganda's AIDS prevention successes during the 1980s and 1990s. Rather, it is a synthesis of presentations made in February 2002 at the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) by four individuals with long-term experience in HIV prevention in Africa. USAID commissioned a summary document synthesising the ideas presented by these researchers. …

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