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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. HIV prevention in Mexican schools: prospective randomised evaluation of intervention

    Objective: To assess effects on condom use and other sexual behaviour of an HIV prevention programme at school that promotes the use of condoms with and without emergency contraception. […] Intervention: Schools were randomised to one of three arms: an HIV prevention course that promoted condom use, the same course with emergency contraception as back-up, or the existing sex education course. Self administered anonymous questionnaires were completed at baseline, four months, and 16 months. …

  2. Preventing HIV transmission in adolescents: an analysis of the Portuguese data from the Health Behaviour School-aged Children study and focus groups

    This research examined demographic, personal, family and school variables related to adolescents’ sexual behaviour and attitudes towards HIV/AIDS infected people. This research was also designed to understand the cognitive and emotional bases of the sexual decisions made by adolescents. Preventive research must explore how young people understand, manage and explore their sexuality, risk and relationships.

  3. If you don't abstain, you will die of AIDS: AIDS education in Kenyan public schools

    We explored constraints of implementing AIDS education in public schools in Kenya. Sixty interviews with teachers and 60 focus group discussions with students were conducted in 21 primary and nine secondary schools. System/school-level constraints included lack of time in the curriculum, limited reach of secondary-school students (because AIDS education is embedded in biology, which is not compulsory), and disapproval of openness about sex and condoms by the Ministry of Education and parents. Alternative strategies to teach about AIDS had their own constraints. …

  4. Effectiveness of a peer-led HIV prevention intervention in secondary schools in Rwanda: results from a non-randomized controlled trial

    While the HIV epidemic is levelling off in sub-Saharan Africa, it remains at an unacceptably high level. Young people aged 15-24 years remain particularly vulnerable, resulting in a regional HIV prevalence of 1.4% in young men and 3.3% in young women. This study assesses the effectiveness of a peer-led HIV prevention intervention in secondary schools in Rwanda on young people’s sexual behavior, HIV knowledge and attitudes. In a non-randomized longitudinal controlled trial, fourteen schools were selected in two neighboring districts in Rwanda Bugesera (intervention) and Rwamagana (control). …

  5. A school-based AIDS education programme for secondary school students in Nigeria: a review of effectiveness

    This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of health education initiatives to increase knowledge and improve attitudes and behaviors in response to rising HIV incidence. In this study, 223 students who received comprehensive health education were compared to 217 control group students who did not receive this education. …

  6. Poleznaja Privivka - Uchebnoe posobie po profilaktike VICH/SPIDa dlja 10-11 klassov obscheobrazovatel'noj shkoly. Materjal dlja roditelej.

    This manual, intended for parents of secondary schools' learners (grades 10-11), is part of an HIV and AIDS education programme called "useful inoculation", which was developed within the project "Healthy Russia 2020" and implemented in several schools of five Russian regions. The main aim of this programme is to develop the life skills that will allow learners to prevent from HIV and avoid drug use, and also to show empathy and support towards people living with HIV and AIDS. …

  7. Poleznaja Privivka - uchebnoe posobie po profilaktike VICH/SPIDa dlja 10-11 klassov obscheobrazovatel'noj shkoly. Materjal dlja uchitelja.

    This manual, intended for teachers of secondary schools (grades 10-11) is part of an HIV and AIDS education programme called "useful inoculation", which was developed within the project "Healthy Russia 2020" by the authors of the "Project Hope Russia", and implemented in several schools of five Russian regions. The main aim of this programme is to develop the life skills that will allow learners to prevent from HIV and avoid drug use, and also to show empathy and support towards people living with HIV and AIDS. The present manual is divided into two main parts. …

  8. Safer choices: preventing HIV, other STD and pregnancy

    This is an in-school HIV, STI and pregnancy prevention programme targeting high-school students. It aims to help young people delay sex initiation and, if they have sex, to use condoms and minimise the number of sexual partners. An important feature of Safer Choices is its school-wide approach. The programme is not limited to an in-class curriculum but also involves teachers, parents, community members and students through a peer leader component. …

  9. Draw the line/respect the line: setting limits to prevent HIV, STD and pregnancy. Grade 8

    This publication is focused on providing students with the skills to define their own sexual limits and to have these limits respected in case of pressure. These "healthy sexual limits" are intended to help keep young people safe from HIV, STIs and pregnancy. The programme is divided into 19 one-hour sessions distributed over three grade levels (Grades 6, 7 and 8) and is designed for in-school use either by a school-teacher or an outside educator. It is especially targeted at Latino students, but has nee used with students of all races/ethnicities. …

  10. Vsjo v tvoix rukax. Posobie dlja volonterov programm po profilaktike VICH/SPIDa sredi sverstnikov (Everything in your hands. Manual for volunteers of the HIV & AIDS prevention programme among peers)

    This manual is part of a kit produced within an extracurricular programme of HIV & AIDS education using the peer education method. It is intended for young volunteers between the ages of 14 and 19 who are going to communicate with their peers about HIV & AIDS. It is divided into three chapters which include I) "Theory", II) "Practice" and III) "Volunteer's toolkit". The first chapter explains what is meant by voluntary work and provides basic information on HIV & AIDS. …

  11. Posobie dlja trenerov. Podgotovka volontjorov dlja raboty po profilaktike VICH-Infekcii sredi molodezhi (Manual for trainers: preparation of volunteers to work on HIV prevention among young people)

    This manual is part of a kit produced within an extracurricular programme on HIV & AIDS education using the peer education method. It is intended for all specialists working with young people: teachers, social workers, students, etc. The aim of this manual is to prepare young people aged 14-19 for voluntary work in the field of HIV & AIDS prevention among their peers. It is divided into five chapters: 1) "Prevention activities. …

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