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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. An examination of knowledge, attitudes and practices related to HIV/AIDS prevention in Zimbabwean university students: Comparing intervention program participants and non-participants

    OBJECTIVES: This study represents a comprehensive assessment of differences between participants in an HIV/AIDS prevention program (SHAPE: Sustainability, Hope, Action, Prevention, Education) and non-participants in knowledge, attitudes and practices with a focus on cultural, sociological and economic variables. METHODS: We developed an eight-page questionnaire that was administered to 933 randomly selected students at the University of Zimbabwe. Survey items addressed sexual decision-making, condom use, limiting sexual partners, cultural power dynamics and access to HIV testing. …

  2. Does Education Affect HIV Status? Evidence from five African Countries

    Data from the first five Demographic and Health Surveys to include HIV testing for a representative sample of the adult population are used to analyze the socioeconomic correlates of HIV infection and associated sexual behavior. Emerging from a wealth of country relevant results, some important findings can be generalized. First, successive marriages are a significant risk factor. Second, contrary to prima facie evidence, education is not positively associated with HIV status. …

  3. HIV sero-behavioural study in six universities in Uganda

    There is inadequate information on the burden of HIV infection, and on the prevalence of the risk factors for HIV transmission among University students in Uganda. Routine sources of data such as HIV surveillance and national population-based AIDS Indicator surveys do not provide information on institutional populations such as University students. Moreover, these sub-populations require interventions to address the risk factors that expose them to HIV infection in their unique settings. …

  4. HIV sero-behavioural study in six universities in Kenya

    Universities and institutions of higher learning in general consist mainly of young people in the 17-24 year old category, most of whom are sexually active, and therefore most vulnerable to HIV infection. And though studies such as KAIS (2007) and KDHS (2003, 2008) have been conducted on the general Kenyan population, studies specific to institutions of higher learning are scanty, in particular, sero-prevalence data on this target group is lacking. …

  5. HIV sero-behavioural study in six universities in Tanzania

    While Tanzania is taking measures to curb the HIV and AIDS pandemic - including limiting its transmission and minimizing its impact, addressing such transmission among mobile populations such as students and staff of Higher Learning Institutions remains a challenge. Available information shows that a number of daunting challenges face Universities in Tanzania in designing and implementing effective responses to HIV and AIDS. First is the fact that little is known about the vulnerability, prevalence, impact and situation of HIV and AIDS in most of these institutions. …

  6. International and local good practice in workplace HIV and AIDS programme: a desktop review, 2009

    This report aims to identify and describe what is considered good practice as regards workplace HIV programmes. It is anticipated that the findings will feed into the national-level Higher Education Workplace HIV and AIDS Programme Framework and down into the Higher Education Institution (HEI)-specific workplace programmes.

  7. SADTU HIV and AIDS Policy. Final draft

    SADTU acknowledges the seriousness of HIV and AIDS pandemic. The pandemic impact negatively on the socio-economic aspect of the country. SADTU also acknowledges the ignorance, prejudice, stigmatization and the ignorance that goes with the virus. Educators and staff members are not immune from these atrocities. SADTU has the moral obligation to destigmitize the pandemic. The state has made a call to all institutions, sectors, organizations and society to play an active role in the HIV and AIDS campaign. …

  8. HIV/SIDA Cuidados básicos

    Esta revista, elaborada pela N'Weti, é parte de um projecto regional de comunicação para a saúde que inclui alguns países do sul da Africa como o Botswana, o Lesotho e o Moçambique. É destinada aos jovens e responde a todo o tipo de perguntas relacionadas com os meios de transmissão do vírus, a utilização do preservativo, o tratamento anti-retroviral (TARV), as várias fases do HIV, como viver com o vírus, as mulheres seropositivas e a gravidez, os bebés e o HIV. As fotografias e as imagens ajudam a responder a todo o tipo de interrogações que os jovens podem ter acerca do HIV/SIDA. …

  9. HIV/SIDA Saiba mais... viva mais

    Esta revista foi elaborada pela N'Weti, uma ONG moçambicana apoiada pela Soul City Institute. É destinada as crianças e aos jovens e responde a todo o tipo de perguntas relacionadas com o HIV/SIDA. Os meios de transmissao do vírus, a utilizaçao do preservativo, o tratamento anti-retroviral (TARV), as várias fases do HIV, como viver com o vírus, as mulheres seropositivas e a gravidez, os bebés e o HIV. As fotografias e as imagens ajudam a responder a todo o tipo de interrogaçoes que os jovens podem ter acerca do HIV/SIDA. …

  10. Prevention is for life. HIV/AIDS: dispatches from the field

    Although HIV can strike anyone, it is not an equal opportunity virus. Gender inequality, poverty, lack of education and inadequate access to comprehensive sexual and reproductive health services continue to fuel the epidemic. This booklet will detail how and why prevention works. By applying the principles of prevention to diverse populations around the world, the global community can help slow, and possibly halt, what is proving to be one of the greatest health challenges of our time. …

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