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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Notes on the female condom: experiences in Brazil

    A nationwide effort to introduce the female condom (FC) into public health services was undertaken in Brazil in 1998-99. To this end, the Ministry of Health sponsored a national research group of public health professionals, aided by local field workers and supervisors, to conduct a preparatory study at 20 sites in six cities. Clinic health workers were trained to conduct the study. Following an educational session, 2382 women volunteered to use the FC and to report their experiences at follow-up. …

  2. HIV prevention in young people in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review

    This updated review will focus on interventions carried out and/or published from January 2005 - December 2008. Since the first Steady, Ready, Go! (SRG) review was carried out, the results of several major randomized controlled trials of adolescent HIV prevention interventions conducted in Africa have been reported. …

  3. Trends in primary and secondary abstinence among Kenyan youth

    Promoting sexual abstinence among never-married youth is an important component of HIV/AIDS prevention campaigns for youth in countries with generalized epidemics. The objective of this study was to examine trends in primary and secondary abstinence among never-married youth age 15-24 in Kenya over a ten-year period and to explore the role of HIV prevention knowledge, schooling, and contextual factors in affecting abstinence behavior. Data were from Kenya Demographic and Health Surveys conducted in 1993, 1998, and 2003. Primary abstinence was defined as never-married youth who never had sex. …

  4. Baseline survey for BCC strategy for HIV and AIDS prevention among youth people aged 10-30 years in Swaziland

    In line with the National Strategic Plan for HIV and AIDS, the country has adopted a multi sectoral approach to HIV and AIDS which puts emphasis on behaviour change communication, anti-retroviral therapy (ART) and support for orphans and vulnerable children (OVC). …

  5. Assessing the Integration of gender and Human Rights in HIV Related Documents and Processes in Selected Southern African Countries. A rapid assessment

    This report presents the findings of a desk study undertaken to assess the integration of gender and human rights in HIV-related documents and processes in Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. It highlights best practices, lessons learned, and areas for future action. The report implies an urgency to move from the status quo, whereby the centrality of gender equality and human rights in the pandemic regionally is underestimated. …

  6. Making Prevention Work: Lessons from Zambia on Reshaping the U.S. Response to the Global HIV/AIDS Epidemic

    In 2008, SIECUS staff traveled to Zambia with partners from Population Action International to meet directly with those who shape how PEPFAR's mandate is interpreted on the ground and those who experience the impact of that interpretation. …

  7. Secondary schools and sexual health services. Forging the links

    This booklet aims to encourage secondary schools and sexual health services to improve links between sex and relationships education (SRE) and specialist sexual health advice and support. It is set out in three sections. Part 1 gives background information on why schools should build stronger links with services, puts the subject within a national context, and identifies what young people see as the issues. Part 2 examines the different ways in which links can be forged between schools and sexual health services and illustrates each method with examples of successful schemes. …

  8. Life or lunch, what do we choose? HIV/AIDS in the workplace

    This paper illustrates how HIV/AIDS is affecting teachers as individuals and as professionals. Teachers are expected to play a major role in combating HIV/AIDS, but at the same time, the results of this study show that they are also being affected by the disease. And unless the difficulties that they face in their workplace and at home are dealt with, it is likely that the gravity of the disease may become unbearable for some of them. As a result, they will be unable to fully develop their role as communicators about the disease. …

  9. Curricula Review of Emergency Plan Centrally-Funded HIV Prevention Programs for Youth

    In an effort to mitigate the spread of HIV in developing nations, the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) supports HIV prevention programs that emphasize abstinence and be faithful for youth (ABY) among a broader array of prevention interventions. The focus of this report is on multi-country, multi-year PEPFAR ABY programs implemented by 14 nongovernmental and faith-based organizations that were awarded a total of $100 million in central funding by the U.S. Agency for International Development's Office of HIV/AIDS at the beginning of PEPFAR. …

  10. Educational access and HIV prevention: Making the case for education as a health priority in sub-Saharan Africa

    There is much evidence showing an association between sexual behavior and both attendance and attainment. Experimental evidence that school attendance leads to safer sexual behavior is currently under review. Studies suggest several pathways through which sexual behavior, and consequently the risk of HIV infection, may be influenced by schooling. Students attending school have a smaller sexual network and a stronger motivation to avoid the consequences of unprotected sex - both pregnancy and HIV infection - than their out-of-school peers.

  11. Epidemic of Inequality. Women's Rights and HIV/AIDS in Botswana and Swaziland. An Evidence-Based Report on the Effects of Gender Inequity, Stigma and Discrimination

    Deeply entrenched gender inequities perpetuate the AIDS pandemic in Botswana and Swaziland, the two countries with the highest HIV prevalence in the world. The legal systems in both countries grant women lesser status than men, restricting property, inheritance and other rights. Social, economic and cultural practices create, enforce and perpetuate legalized gender inequalities and discrimination in all aspects of women's lives. …

  12. Toolkit for targeted HIV/AIDS prevention and care in sex work settings

    This toolkit was published in 2005 by the WHO. This toolkit is intended for use by anyone involved in HIV prevention initiatives in sex work settings. The purpose of this toolkit is to make both published and unpublished information more accessible to a wider audience, and so to contribute to global efforts to develop and scale up effective HIV interventions in sex work settings. Most of the items in this toolkit focus on HIV prevention in such settings. Less information is available on treatment, care and support for sex workers living with HIV. …

  13. HIV and AIDS and higher education in Africa: a review of best practice models and trends

    This study, commissioned by the Association of African Universities, was conducted to identify the strengths, constraints and opportunities for addressing the human resource and policy challenges occassioned by the HIV and AIDS pandemic. A sample of between 12 and 15 institutions which exemplified best practices in the response to HIV and AIDS in Africa was identified. In documenting and disseminating these examples, it is hoped that other institutions will benefit from the sharing of new knowledge and contribute to the overall strengthening of the response to the epidemic. …

  14. Quasi-experimental evaluation of a national primary school HIV intervention in Kenya

    This study examined the impact of a primary-school HIV education initiative on the knowledge, self-efficacy and sexual and condom use activities of upper primary-school pupils in Kenya. …

  15. Protecting the next generation in Uganda. New evidence on adolescent sexual and reproductive health needs

    This report discusses in detail the sexual and reproductive lives of Uganda's youth, focusing on 15-19-year-olds. Chapter 2 provides an overview of the patterns of sexual behavior among adolescents. Chapter 3 explores adolescents' contraceptive use for protection from unwanted pregnancy and STIs, including HIV. Adolescents' knowledge of sexual and reproductive health - including reproduction, contraception and STIs, particularly HIV/AIDS - is examined in Chapter 4. …

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