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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Protecting the next generation in Malawi. New evidence on adolescent sexual and reproductive health needs

    This report presents key findings from a new body of research that describes the sexual and reproductive health needs of Malawi's youth. The information was gathered from young Malawians themselves through focus group discussions, in-depth interviews and a nationally representative survey on sex, relationships, marriage, HIV/AIDS and pregnancy among young women and men aged 12-19. This report discusses in detail some of the challenges in and opportunities for improving the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents in Malawi. …

  2. Finding our voices. Gender and sexual identities and HIV/AIDS in education

    Of the 8,600,000 young people living with HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa, 67 percent are young women and 33 percent are young men (Young People and HIV/AIDS: Opportunity in Crisis, UNICEF, UNAIDS, WHO, 2001). The Girls' Education Programme recognises 'gender' as the features associated in specific cultures with masculinity and femininity, and acknowledges that not all societies and cultures share the same ideas of what it means to be male or female. …

  3. The voices of young Zimbabweans. Gender and sexual identities and HIV/AIDS in education

    The Government of Zimbabwe has prioritised the need for better adolescent reproductive health (ARH) to combat HIV/AIDS transmission, reduce teenage pregnancies and the proportion of school dropouts, and ensure equality of health provision to the country's youth. In view of the paucity of information on the identities of adolescents as they construct and experience them themselves, UNICEF ESARO in 2001 commissioned this study on young people in Zimbabwe. …

  4. The voices of young Kenyans. Gender and sexual identities and HIV/AIDS in education

    The purpose of the study was to provide information on the gendered and sexual identities of boys and girls, the influence of these identities on their sexual behaviour, and the status of HIV/AIDS education and life skills materials in Kenya's primary schools. The information gathered will feed into AGEI programmes and HIV/AIDS projects in several sectors, particularly those concerned with improving and strengthening AIDS education in Kenyan schools. The study was conducted in two districts: Garissa in Kenya's remote North Eastern Province, and the capital city Nairobi. …

  5. The voices and identities of Botswana's school children. Gender, sexuality, HIV/AIDS and life skills in education

    Although Botswana's youth constitute 47% of the total population, HIV prevalence among pregnant women aged 15-19 years stands at 22.8% and 38.6% for the 20-24 year olds. The 2004 Botswana AIDS Impact Survey (BAIS II) results continue to show that the virus has a very acute gender dimension, where for every HIV positive boy aged 15-19 years, there are three HIV positive girls. Although education statistics (2001) show a general decline in primary school dropout rate, pregnancy alone contributed to 1.8% of all dropouts nationwide. …

  6. Report on knowledge-attitude-practice survey in relation to HIV and AIDS of In-Out of school children and needs assessment of children infected and affected by HIV and AIDS, in Binh Thanh, Go Vap and Hoc Mon districts of Ho Chi Minh city

    This surveyed was commissioned to Life Quality Promotion Centre (Life Centre) by Save the Children UK with the main objectives to (i) find out Knowledge-Attitude-Practice (KAP) of children and youth related to HIV and AIDS and other related topics, and (ii) assess the needs for care and support of HIV and AIDS-infected and affected children and youth. …

  7. Scaling up for zero tolerance: civil society leadership in eliminating violence against women and girls in Ghana, Rwanda, and South Africa

    Based on the Global AIDS Alliance's August 2006 report Zero Tolerance: Stop the Violence Against Women and Children, Stop HIV/AIDS, this report explores successes and challenges of scaling up comprehensive national programs to prevent, respond to, and mitigate the impacts of violence against women and girls (VAW/G) and violence against children (VAC). The countries selected for the study - Ghana, Rwanda, and South Africa - demonstrate concerted efforts to address the problem. …

  8. Youth reproductive and sexual health

    The study provides information on key reproductive and sexual health indicators in young women and men age 15-24 in 38 developing countries. The data come from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and AIDS Indicator Surveys (AIS) conducted between 2001 and 2005. Indicators are selected for the following key areas: background characteristics; adolescent pregnancy; contraception; sexual activity; and HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors. Additional analysis examines the association of various individual and household characteristics with the key indicators.

  9. Zero tolerance: stop the violence against women and children, stop HIV/AIDS

    This document describes a framework for a comprehensive response to violence against women and children, including the resources that would be needed, political and financial, for full implementation. It suggests taking into account the following pillars: 1. Political commitment and resource mobilization, 2. Legal and judicial reform, 3. Health sector reform, 4. Education sector reform, 5. Community mobilization for zero tolerance, 6. Mass marketing for social change.

  10. Are Africans practicing safer sex: evidence from demographic and health surveys for eight countries

    The authors use repeated rounds of Demographic and Health Survey data from eight african countries to examine changes in and determinants of three HIV risk behaviors: age at first intercourse; number of current sexual partners, and use of condoms. They find some evidence of changes in sample composition, which is easily handled in a multivariate framework, and find evidence as well of changes in how people respond to questions about HIV behavior. …

  11. Prevention of HIV/AIDS among migrant workers in Thailand (PHAMIT) : the baseline survey 2004

    The Baseline Survey 2004 was carried out as a part of the evaluation and monitoring of the Prevention of HIV/AIDS among Migrant Workers in Thailand (PHAMIT) project. It has provided a comprehensive overview of migrant populations and their related circumstances and behaviour. This survey was conducted during April-June 2004, and covered 3,426 male and female migrant workers from Myanmar, Cambodia and Lao People's Democratic Republic. Among other things, the survey finds that the prevalence of casual sexual relationship is very high among migrants. …

  12. Programming for HIV prevention among college students in Thailand : research summary

    The Thai Ministry of Education, the Program for Appropriate Technology in Health (PATH), and the Horizons Program embarked on a study to examine the outcomes of a school-based HIV/AIDS programme called "Teens on Smart Sex" for Thai college students. The programme, developed by PATH in cooperation with the Thai Ministry of Education, is based on the Theory of Reasoned Action Behavior Change model, which posits that young people must first learn and practice behaviours in order to successfully use them at the appropriate time. …

  13. In their own right: addressing the sexual and reproductive health needs of men worldwide

    The report provides the overall view of men's sexual and reproductive behaviour worldwide and drawing out the health programme implications of that information. Focusing on men 15-54 years old in 23 countries that represent all regions of the world, the report examines men's needs for health information and reproductive health services, and identifies obstacles that prevent men from receiving those services.

  14. Condoms count: meeting the need in the era of HIV/AIDS

    The report assesses progress toward achieving the reproductive health goals adopted by the international community. It points to ever-growing shortfalls of reproductive health supplies key in the fight against HIV/AIDS, for example, like male and female condoms -- in many developing countries. The report then reviews steps that can be taken in order to secure adequate numbers of these supplies, while noting that supplies are only one part of the challenge. Progress will require significant changes, not only in public policy, but also in individual attitudes, behaviours, and societal norms. …

  15. Survey on health seeking behaviour of women working in the entertainment sector in Phnom Penh

    The report on a research study to explore the situation of these indirect sex workers, their needs for STI services and possible barriers to accessing STI services conducted by Pharmaciens sans Frontieres. The study revealed that young women working in karaoke parlours and night-clubs were less likely to be aware of STIs and had limited access to STI treatment services. Some were aware about the transmission and prevention of HIV infection and the use of condom as an effective means of preventing HIV, STIs and pregnancy. However, the knowledge was limited and not always correct. …

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