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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Condom social marketing : selected case studies

    The document presents applications of different social marketing techniques drawn from on-going projects in developing countries in the field of reproductive health and prevention of HIV/AIDS and STDs.

  2. Sex and youth: contextual factors affecting risk for HIV/AIDS. A comparative analysis of multi-site studies in developing countries

    The report identifies the principal findings from each of the three studies along with policy and practice implication. The three studies are: Young people and risk-taking in sexual relations; Community responses to AIDS; Use of the female condom: genders relations and sexual negotiation.

  3. HIV subverts national security

    Foreword. The AIDS epidemic is perhaps the most destructive force on the planet today. It has already caused more casualties than all of the armed conflicts in recent decades. It infects and affects families, communities, and organizations in every region of the world. Governments and their militaries are not impervious to its devastation as the HIV epidemic subverts their national security. The majority of the AIDS fatalities are among young adults who are the most productive members of a society; those remaining are often children and the elderly. …

  4. The impacts of mapping assessments on population movement and HIV vulnerability in South East Asia

    From the Foreword. Knowledge-based development is one of the strategies of the UNDP South East Asia HIV and Development (UNDP-SEAHIV) project in its technical assistance to countries. The goal is to strengthen countries' capacity to effectively combat the HIV/ AIDS epidemic. The mapping assessments supported by UNDP-SEAHIV are not an end in themselves. In this context, they were specifically designed for use as advocacy tools to inform decision makers in their continuing efforts to improve national HIV prevention strategies, policies, and programmes. …

  5. Haitian women's role in sexual decision-making: the gap between AIDS knowledge and behavior change

    As the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Haiti accelerates, HIV sero-prevalence studies report increasing risk among women in the general population. In a national AIDS KAPB study in 1989, women reported fewer multiple-partner relationships than did male respondents and were reasonably well informed on AIDS prevention, yet they expressed significant fear of acquiring the disease. …

  6. The HIV/AIDS/STD situation and the national response in the Kingdom of Cambodia: country profile

    The UNAIDS Cambodia Country Profile aims to present a comprehensive overview of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Cambodia and the status of the response to the epidemic.

  7. A compilation of baseline data to assess the needs of young people in Cambodia

    The compilation contains baseline data gathered by the Cambodia Health Education Media Service (CHEMS). It contains the result and analysis of survey on knowledge, attitude, beliefs and practices of youth in four areas in Cambodia. The survey covers demographic information, audience profile, including listening habits and programme preference, general health information, including disease profile, health services and reproductive and sexual health and social life skills issues.

  8. Baseline reproductive health KAP survey for women final report. target area : Chhlong Operational District, Kratie province

    Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP) survey was conducted in Chhlong Operational District of Kratie province, Cambodia to find out KAP of women of reproductive age (15-45) with regard to reproduction and pregnancy, contraceptive knowledge and use, fertility preferences, STDs and AIDS, and abortion. Information from the survey served as a baseline for the Northeast Cambodia Reproductive Health Program.

  9. Follow-up reproductive health KAP survey for women and Baseline reproductive health KAP survey for men: final report. Target area :Chhlong Operational District, Kratie Province

    The objectives of the Lot Quality Assurance Sampling or LQAS survey were to: assess changes in married women's KAP related to birth spacing, STDs, HIV/AIDS and other reproductive health issues within the Community-based Distribution (CBD) project area; obtain information about individual supervision areas and how they are performing relative to the baseline data to each other; pilot LQAS for the Northeast Cambodia Reproductive Health Program; establish baseline data for men of reproductive age for a potential reproductive health intervention. …

  10. PSI/Laos research reports: selected summary reports of behavioural and market research studies

    The report contains summaries of behavioural and market research studies conducted in Laos by Population Services International during 1999 to 2000 to determine whether the project has been successful in changing people's behaviour and preventing spread of HIV/AIDS in Laos. …

  11. Acting early to prevent AIDS: the case of Senegal

    This paper describes the experience of Senegal, a country that has worked hard to prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS, has maintained one of the lowest rates of HIV infection in sub-Saharan Africa. It discusses Senegal's social organization, health sector, marriage patterns and prostitution situation before HIV/AIDS began its rapid spread across much of Africa. …

  12. What is driving the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Swaziland and what more can we do about it?

    This report reviews the documents on behaviour and the epidemic in Swaziland in an attempt to establish what is driving the epidemic. It asks 'What is driving the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Swaziland? What more can we do about it?' Our conclusion is that the epidemic in Swaziland is very serious, but we know what is going on. There are some gaps in the research that need to be addressed but there is enough information available now to act. The workshop we held confirmed this. The biggest issues are around poverty and culture. …

  13. The impact of individual differences on the willingness of teachers in Mozambique to communicate about HIV/AIDS in schools and communities

    The overall purpose of this study was to understand what factors contribute to teachers' willingness to communicate about HIV/AIDS in the broad educational setting (schools and communities). The study sought to fill the gap in the research on teachers and HIV/AIDS which has typically focused on cataloguing teachers' knowledge and attitudes, but without relating them directly to practice. …

  14. The health of our educators: A focus on HIV/AIDS in South African public schools

    The evidence presented in this report shows that the health of our educators is a source of concern because the prevalence of HIV is high. The determinants are multiple: behavioural, knowledge deficit, lack of self-efficacy skills, migratory practices, gender, and alcohol misuse. Chronic conditions such as hypertension, stomach ulcers, arthritis and diabetes are common. The report also shows that our country is likely to lose a very high proportion of educators due to job dissatisfaction, job stress and low morale. …

  15. The Impact of HIV/AIDS on the University of Nairobi

    The aim of this case study was to document the effects of HIV/AIDS on the University of Nairobi personnel, operations and resource use. The study was of a descriptive nature and relied mostly on qualitative methodoloies such as interviews, group discussions and the analysis of documents.

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