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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Status of sexual and reproductive health and rights in Zambia: contraception and family planning, preventing unsafe abortion and accessing postabortion care, and maternal health

    This policy brief is Part 1 of a three-part series entitled “Status of Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights in Zambia,” reporting on progress, gaps, and existing challenges in SRH&R related to achieving Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

  2. Reproductive health survey Russia 2011: executive summary

    The RURHS11 household survey was based on in-person, face-to-face interviews with women of reproductive age (15–44 years) in their homes. The survey was designed to collect information from a representative sample of approximately 10,000 women of reproductive age throughout the Russian Federation. …

  3. Global, regional, and subregional trends in unintended pregnancy and its outcomes from 1990 to 2014: estimates from a Bayesian hierarchical model

    Estimates of pregnancy incidence by intention status and outcome indicate how effectively women and couples are able to fulfil their childbearing aspirations, and can be used to monitor the impact of family-planning programmes. We estimate global, regional, and subregional pregnancy rates by intention status and outcome for 1990–2014.

  4. Reproductive Health Survey Russia 2011: executive summary

    Specific objectives of the RURHS11 were: to assess current levels and trends in fertility, abortion, contraception, and various other reproductive health indicators; to enable policy makers, program managers, and researchers to evaluate existing reproductive health programs and develop new strategies; to study factors that affect fertility, contraceptive use, and maternal and infant health, such as geographic and sociodemographic factors, breastfeeding patterns, use of induced abortion, and availability of family planning services; to identify characteristics of women at increased risk of uni …

  5. Adolescent women’s need for and use of sexual and reproductive health services in developing countries

    With this report, the authors aim to provide an up-to-date and comprehensive overview of the use of sexual and reproductive health services by adolescent women aged 15–19 in the developing world. Using reliable nationally representative surveys in 70 countries, the report presents 30 indicators that cover a wide range of topics related to the sexual and reproductive health of adolescent women. Chapter 2 outlines the methods and data sources used for this report. Chapter 3 focuses on marriage, sexual activity and contraception. …

  6. Sexual health media resource pack

    The Sexual Health Strategy identifies the media as a means to communicate on sexual health in an effective and responsible way. Evidence shows that the media is a useful means to provide information to the general public. The type of media used will depend on the identified target audience. Unbalanced or inaccurate media messages can lead to pressures and confusion over the realities of sex and sexuality particularly for young people. Hence we cannot stop emphasizing the need and importance of the media to be trained on where to seek reliable sources of information and advice. …

  7. The Manila Challenge: A call to achieve SRHR for all

    “The Manila Challenge: A Call to Achieve SRHR for All” complete statement.

  8. Reproductive Health Survey Georgia 2010: Final Report

    This report presents the findings of the 2010 Georgia Reproductive Health Survey (GERHS10). The GERHS10 is the third nationally representative survey to collect comprehensive information on reproductive health status and utilization of reproductive health and maternal and child health care services in the country. A major purpose of these surveys in Georgia was to produce national and sub-national estimates of factors related to pregnancy and fertility, such as sexual activity and contraceptive use; use of abortion and other medical services; maternal and infant health, and women’s health.

  9. Reproductive rights: a tool for monitoring state obligations

    This Monitoring Tool provides a means for human rights experts responsible for overseeing compliance with international legal standards on human rights to monitor the implementation of specific State obligations in the field of reproductive rights. The tool outlines State obligations under international and regional human rights law on a range of reproductive rights issues–freedom from discrimination, contraceptive information and services, safe pregnancy and childbirth, abortion and post-abortion care, comprehensive sexuality education, freedom from violence against women, and HIV/AIDS. …

  10. Youth and unsafe abortion: a global snapshot

    Worldwide, approximately 16 million women and girls ages 15 to 19 give birth each year, accounting for approximately 11 percent of all births worldwide. For these young women, complications from pregnancy and childbirth are the leading cause of death, and unsafe abortion is a major contributor to this mortality. This brief provides an overview of unsafe abortion among young women. …

  11. Aborting and suspending pregnancy in rural Tanzania: an ethnography of young people's beliefs and pratices

    This study is an article extracted from "Studies in family Planning" published in December 2008. The objective of this study is to analyse abortion practices and beliefs among adolescents and young adults in Tanzania, where abortion is illegal. From 1999 to 2002, six researchers carried out participant observation in nine villages and conducted group discussions and interviews in three others. Most informants opposed abortion as illegal, immoral, dangerous, or unacceptable without without the man's consent, and many reported that ancestral spirits killed women who aborted clan descendants. …

  12. Induced abortions among adolescent women in rural Maharashtra, India

    The paper presents a result of the study undertaken among both married and unmarried rural Maharashtra (India) adolescents who had undergone in the same geographic area. The study aimed to explore their access to services, decision-making on determinants of provider choice and extent of morbidity experienced.

  13. Making safe abortion accessible: a practical guide for advocates

    The handbook offers direction to activists working to ensure that it is permitted by law are safe and accessible, in accordance with international mandates. It reviews key in successful advocacy campaigns, including: envisioning needed changes in services; building and managing effective partnerships for advocacy; increasing awareness of the need for change among a variety audiences; and helping prepare the health system and related sectors to offer safe sex.

  14. Why Nigerian adolescents seek abortion rather than contraception: evidence from focus-group discussions

    The need to educate adolescents about the mechanism of action of contraceptive agents and about their side effects in relation to unsafe sex is paramount if contraceptive use is to be improved among Nigerian adolescents.

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