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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Le Sida, cartes sur tables : guide pédagogique

    Ce guide pédagogique est prévu pour accompagner l’exposition « Sida, cartes sur table », qui vise à améliorer le niveau de connaissance et les compétences des jeunes sur le VIH, ses modes de transmission, de protection afin de réduire le nombre de nouvelles infections au VIH et aux autres IST. L’exposition a également pour objectif de diminuer les comportements discriminants à l’égard des personnes séropositives.

  2. Understanding and challenging HIV stigma in the MENA region: Toolkit for action

    This toolkit has been adapted from Understanding and challenging HIV stigma: toolkit for action. Module H: MSM and stigma,1 which was developed by and for African trainers, and has been used extensively around the continent to support HIV stigma reduction programmes. This version has been designed to use in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, and includes adapted exercises and stories that are more relevant to this context. …

  3. Reproductive rights: a tool for monitoring state obligations

    This Monitoring Tool provides a means for human rights experts responsible for overseeing compliance with international legal standards on human rights to monitor the implementation of specific State obligations in the field of reproductive rights. The tool outlines State obligations under international and regional human rights law on a range of reproductive rights issues–freedom from discrimination, contraceptive information and services, safe pregnancy and childbirth, abortion and post-abortion care, comprehensive sexuality education, freedom from violence against women, and HIV/AIDS. …

  4. Práticas educativas e prevenção de HIV/Aids: lições aprendidas e desafios atuais

    A prevenção tem sido uma questão crucial para os programas de controle da Aids. Os enormes progressos doá conhecimento e da técnica nesse campo não chegaram a alterar substantivamente os determinantes fundamentais da infecção e adoecimento de significativos contingentes populacionais. Neste ensaio busca-se sistematizar as lições que aprendemos no campo da prevenção nessas duas décadas de epidemia, tomando como base, em especial, a experiência brasileira. …

  5. Variáveis culturais e psicossociais associadas à vulnerabilidade étnica ao HIV/AIDS: estudo comparativo entre Brasil e França

    Esta pesquisa teve por objetivo identificar aspectos culturais e psicossociais associados às vulnerabilidades de jovens afrodescendentes e brancos, no Brasil e na França, ao HIV/Aids. A pesquisa foi realizada em duas etapas: a primeira, qualitativa, com 36 entrevistas a estudantes do ensino médio no Brasil com o objetivo de fornecer elementos indicadores sobre a vulnerabilidade, conhecimentos e Representações Sociais da aids dos jovens brasileiros, além de indicar elementos para a elaboração de um questionário a ser aplicado na segunda etapa. …

  6. Gender relations and sexual communication among female students in the Mekong River Delta of Vietnam

    Young women's ability to pursue a safer-sex life in line with their wishes is crucial to their sexual health. Although some previous observations have suggested that young women's lack of ability to negotiate safer sex is due to gender power imbalances in the culture of Vietnam, studies that have tested this hypothesis explicitly and quantitatively are few and far between. The present study aimed to test the association between perceived gender relations and perceived self-efficacy in communicating sexual matters among undergraduate female students in the Mekong River Delta of Vietnam. …

  7. Poor Parenting: Teenagers' Views on Adolescent Pregnancies in Eastern Uganda

    This qualitative study in Busia District focused on the views of teenagers themselves as expressed in nine focus group discussions with girls and boys. Their perspectives were contrasted with those of community leaders and mothers of adolescents. The young people blamed teenage pregnancy on failures of the parental generation. They asserted that parents and guardians were both too lenient and too harsh, that they failed to provide for their daughters' needs, and that they pressured them into early marriages instead of giving priority to education. …

  8. The sexual and reproductive health of young people in Latin America: Evidence from WHO case studies

    This original article addresses the sexual and reproductive health needs of young people aged 15 to 24 in Latin America. It introduces five articles from original research projects in three countries: Argentina, Brazil, and Peru. These projects were funded by the World Health Organization. This article explains the importance of studies that address the sexual and reproductive health of young people in developing countries. It provides an overview of sexual and reproductive health issues in Latin America and a discussion these issues in the three study countries.

  9. Sexual and Reproductive Health of Young People: Expanding the Research and Program Agenda

    This paper's focuses on areas of relatively poorly addressed or understood aspects of young people's sexual and reproductive health. The authors propose to argue for the need to supplement our knowledge and programmatic interventions with regard to three specific issues related to young people's lives that need attention: (a) an overlooked sub-population of married adolescent girls; (b) an overlooked behavior of sex without consent; (c) programmatic interventions that work (or do not) in enhancing young people's health and development.

  10. Plano Integrado de Enfrentamento da Feminização da Epidemia de Aids e outras DST

    Plano Integrado de Enfrentamento da Feminização da Epidemia de Aids e outras DST e um documento elaborado pelo Ministério da Saúde do Brasil em 2007. Resultado de uma parceria que procurou reunir esforços e alçar voo a partir da articulação intersetorial e da participação de parceiras/os da sociedade civil, o Plano tem como elemento fundamental o enfrentamento das múltiplas vulnerabilidades que contribuem para que as mulheres brasileiras estejam mais suscetíveis à infecção pelo HIV e a outras doenças sexualmente transmissíveis. …

  11. Sexual and reproductive health needs of adolescents perinatally infected with HIV in Uganda

    Sexual and reproductive health needs of adolescents perinatally infected with HIV in Uganda is a study implemented jointly by Population Council's Frontiers in Reproductive Health (FRONTIERS) and the AIDS Support Organization (TASO) from Uganda, in 2008. The document addresses the specific sexual and reproductive needs of the adolescents perinatally infected, an increasing population largely forgotten the HIV/AIDS treatment, care, education and support programs. …

  12. Epidemic of Inequality. Women's Rights and HIV/AIDS in Botswana and Swaziland. An Evidence-Based Report on the Effects of Gender Inequity, Stigma and Discrimination

    Deeply entrenched gender inequities perpetuate the AIDS pandemic in Botswana and Swaziland, the two countries with the highest HIV prevalence in the world. The legal systems in both countries grant women lesser status than men, restricting property, inheritance and other rights. Social, economic and cultural practices create, enforce and perpetuate legalized gender inequalities and discrimination in all aspects of women's lives. …

  13. Basics and beyond: integrating sexuality, sexual and reproductive health and rights. A manual for trainers

    This resource is to be used by individual trainers as well as organizations working on sexuality and sexual and reproductive health. It provides training content, tools and methods to demonstrate and strengthen the connections between sexuality, sexual health, reproductive health and human rights. Most of the exercises in this manual have been developed and tested during training programmes and cover basic concepts along with more complex issues. Detailed message points and instructions for each exercise make the document appropriate for both experienced as well as novice facilitators. …

  14. Poleznaja Privivka - uchebnoe posobie po profilaktike VICH/SPIDa dlja 10-11 klassov obscheobrazovatel'noj shkoly. Materjal dlja uchitelja.

    This manual, intended for teachers of secondary schools (grades 10-11) is part of an HIV and AIDS education programme called "useful inoculation", which was developed within the project "Healthy Russia 2020" by the authors of the "Project Hope Russia", and implemented in several schools of five Russian regions. The main aim of this programme is to develop the life skills that will allow learners to prevent from HIV and avoid drug use, and also to show empathy and support towards people living with HIV and AIDS. The present manual is divided into two main parts. …

  15. Saúde e Prevenção nas Escolas. Attitude pra curtir a vida. Guia para a Formação de Profissionais de Saúde e de Educação

    Este documento, que foi elaborado pelo Ministério da Saúde do Brasil, permite a organização de cursos para o aperfeiçoamento dos conhecimentos dos Professores do Ensino Básico e Secundário sobre o tema da Educação Sexual e do HIV/SIDA. Este guia é dividido em 7 unidades : 1) Primeiras palavras 2) A busca de novos caminhos para prevenir as DST e SIDA 3) Relações de gênero 4) A sexualidade na vida humana 5) Saúde sexual e saúde reprodutiva 6) Prevenção das doenças sexualmente transmissíveis e da SIDA 7) Planejamento de uma ação local integrada. …

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