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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Charting the future: empowering girls to prevent early pregnancy

    This report begins with a situation analysis of adolescent pregnancy (Section 2), highlighting where today’s adolescents live and where their fertility levels are highest, as well as looking at the drivers of their fertility rates. Section 3 provides a more detailed discussion of the multiple barriers that girls face in controlling their fertility. Section 4 presents our conclusions about the main drivers of adolescent pregnancy and introduces our policy and programming recommendations, which can be found in Section 5. …

  2. Women's empowerment and choice of contraceptive methods in selected African countries

    Few studies have examined the different dimensions of women's empowerment and contraceptive use in African countries. Data for this study came from the latest round of Demographic and Health Surveys conducted between 2006 and 2008 in Namibia, Zambia, Ghana and Uganda. Responses from married or cohabiting women ages 15–49 were analyzed for six dimensions of empowerment and the current use of female-only methods or couple methods. Bivariate and multivariate multinomial regressions were used to identify associations between the empowerment dimensions and method use. …

  3. Facts on the Sexual and Reproductive Health Of Adolescent Women in the Developing World

    The objective of this brief is to help adolescents to protect their health. Beyond benefiting young people themselves, increased investment in adolescent sexual and reproductive health contributes to broader development goals, especially improvements in the overall status of women and, eventually, reductions in poverty among families. …

  4. Gender relations and sexual communication among female students in the Mekong River Delta of Vietnam

    Young women's ability to pursue a safer-sex life in line with their wishes is crucial to their sexual health. Although some previous observations have suggested that young women's lack of ability to negotiate safer sex is due to gender power imbalances in the culture of Vietnam, studies that have tested this hypothesis explicitly and quantitatively are few and far between. The present study aimed to test the association between perceived gender relations and perceived self-efficacy in communicating sexual matters among undergraduate female students in the Mekong River Delta of Vietnam. …

  5. Learning About Healthy Living - An Activity Manual for Outreach Workers

    Learning About Healthy Living - An Activity Manual for Outreach Workers is a document developed by Family Health International in Lao PDR and funded by USAID in 2007. The manual illustrates the experiences of outreach workers in Lao PDR. It provides clear guidance for conducting prevention education activities with women (sex workers). It also shows how complex Reproductive Health and HIV prevention information can be successfully presented by outreach volunteers who, in many cases, develop their own materials. …

  6. Good lovers. A new concept of sex education

    The document has been developed by SENSOA, the Flemish expert organisation on sexual health and HIV. It is a provisonal synthesis of the direction that sex education should take. It emphasizes the importance of sex education at school, even if there is no censensus about the content of this controversial subject. It presents sex education as a "fascinating" and important subject for young people because it should guide them in their development into adults who are capable of integrating sexuality and intimacy with others into their lives in a meaningful and positive way. …

  7. Guidelines for comprehensive sexuality education in Nigeria

    These guidelines present a comprehensive approach to sexuality education, encompassing the key components of a broad definition of sexuality including: sexual development, reproductive health, interpersonal relationships, affection, intimacy, body image and gender roles. The guidelines answer basic questions that educators, policymakers and others need to address when they design or evaluate a comprehensive approach to sexuality education. They provide a framework for developing sexuality education curricula, textbooks and programmes, as well as for evaluating existing programmes. …

  8. Workshop report [of the] Integrating Socio-cultural Research into Population and Reproductive Health Programmes, Kathmandu, Nepal, 26 November - 1 December 2001

    The report provides understanding of socio-cultural research (SRC) for programming purposes in the area of population and reproductive health. The first part of the report introduces the concept of SCR and the rationale for its use in population and RH programmes. It identifies social and cultural factors affecting demographic and reproductive health behaviour. The second part of the report focuses on approaches, methods and tools for operationalizing SCR in programmes. …

  9. Power in sexual relationships: an opening dialogue among reproductive health professionals

    The report summarizes proceedings of a meeting among international reproductive health community about power and its impact on reproductive and sexual health. Current challenges, programme and policy interventions, research gaps, and recommendations for action are presented in the report. The meeting was jointly organized by Population Council and USAID's Interagency Gender Working Group's Men and Reproductive Health Subcommittee.

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