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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Myanmar: reproductive health baseline community survey 2002

    The report presents findings of the 2002 reproductive health baseline community survey carried out in townships under the UNFPA project. The main objectives of the survey is to find out knowledge, attitude and practice related to reproductive health, STD, HIV/AIDS, maternal health and contraception. The study will provide baseline information for evaluating the progress in the level of knowledge and behaviour change on the reproductive health in those township communities at the end of the project in 2005.

  2. Adding it up: the benefits of investing in sexual and reproductive health care

    The report, jointly published by the Alan Guttmacher Institute and UNFPA, reviews and evaluates current approaches to measuring the costs and benefits of investment in health services. It strongly makes the case that reproductive and sexual health programmes are dramatically underfunded, and that investments in this sector have a tremendous impact, both on the health and well-being of individuals and families, and on the economic health and development prospects of nations. …

  3. Targeting: a key element of national contraceptive security planning

    In many family planning programmes operated by the public sector, resources are falling short of growth in demand for services. At the same time, individuals with unmet need for family planning services are increasingly concentrated among hard-to-reach groups. Moreover, as low-cost public services come to dominate the family planning market, they compete with and crowd out the private sector. This brief explores one potential solution "targeting" to meet these challenges, alleviating barriers to the expansion and use of family planning services. …

  4. Towards adulthood : exploring the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents in South Asia

    The publication provides a comprehensive overview of the socio-demographic and sexual and reproductive health situation of adolescents in South Asia, including available evidence about the health risks and challenges that young people face in South Asian countries.

  5. Adolescent and youth reproductive health in Indonesia: status, issues, policies, and programs

    This assessment of adolescent reproductive health in Indonesia is part of a series of assessments in 13 countries in Asia and the Near East. The purpose of the assessments is to highlight the reproductive health status of adolescents in each country, within the context of the lives of adolescent boys and girls. The report begins with the social context and gender socialization that set girls and boys on separate lifetime paths in terms of life expectations, educational attainment, job prospects, labour force participation, reproduction, and duties in the household. …

  6. Adolescent and youth reproductive health in Nepal: status, issues, policies, and programs

    This assessment of adolescent reproductive health in Nepal is part of a series of assessments in 13 countries in Asia and the Near East. The purpose of the assessments is to highlight the reproductive health status of adolescents in each country, within the context of the lives of adolescent boys and girls. The report begins with the social context and gender socialization that set girls and boys on separate lifetime paths in terms of life expectations, educational attainment, job prospects, labour force participation, reproduction, and duties in the household. …

  7. Completing the demographic transition in developing countries

    This paper reviews the status of the demographic transition worldwide, discusses factors associated with fertility decline, and highlights challenges associated with completing the transition in developing countries. It is intended to help policymakers both here and abroad to better understand the need for continued efforts to reduce fertility and population growth rates, even in the wake of the HIV/AIDS epidemic.

  8. Adolescent girls in India choose a better future: an impact assessment

    A summary report of a cross-sectional comparative impact study to assess the impact of CEDPA's Better Life Options Programme (BLP) on the decision making and reproductive health behaviour of adolescent alumnae girls who graduated from the programmes in the peri-urban slums of Delhi, rural Madhya Pradesh and rural Gujarat in India. The study compared BLP alumnae who completed the programme between 1996 and 1999 with a similar control group of young women (ages 15-26) who had not been exposed to the programme.

  9. Making it work: linking youth reproductive health and livelihood

    The report presents the result of an analysis of linked programmes. The objectives of the analysis was to assess the challenges and potential effectiveness of programmes integrating adolescent reproductive health and livelihoods, highlight innovative approaches, and define gaps that exist in designing interventions. Assessment of selected programmes was carried out in India, Colombia and Kenya.

  10. Are adolescents and young adults more likely than are older women to choose commercial and private sector providers of modern contraception?

    This study tests the hypothesis suggested by many smaller studies that young people prefer to use private providers to access contraceptive methods. It examines the patterns in young women’s levels of sexual activity, use of modern methods of contraception, and sources of modern contraception by age group and union status, using Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data. In addition, while controlling for other important explanatory variables, the study seeks to answer the question of whether young women are more likely to choose private sector providers than older women. …

  11. A compilation of baseline data to assess the needs of young people in Cambodia

    The compilation contains baseline data gathered by the Cambodia Health Education Media Service (CHEMS). It contains the result and analysis of survey on knowledge, attitude, beliefs and practices of youth in four areas in Cambodia. The survey covers demographic information, audience profile, including listening habits and programme preference, general health information, including disease profile, health services and reproductive and sexual health and social life skills issues.

  12. Demographic profile

    This booklet describes the adolescent population of fourteen countries in terms of their demographic profile such as their poulation size, age of marriage, educational attainment, employment, and health, among others. This followed by an overall picture of the reproductive and sexual health characteristics of the adolescents through their fertility practices, teen pregnancy/childbearing abortion, HIV/AIDS and STDs, family planning and contraception. …

  13. Communication and advocacy strategies, adolescent reproductive and sexual health: case study, Lao PDR

    This volume presents the experiences of Lao PDR in planning and implementing the advocacy and IEC strategies for promoting adolescent reproductive and sexual health programmes.

  14. Gender differentials in adolescent sexual activity and reproductive health risks in Cameroon

    This paper documents how young men and women in Cameroon vary in the way they conduct their sexual lives as well as in the reproductive health risks they take. Consideration is given to gender differentials in patterns of sexual initiation, number of regular and casual partners, and condom use. It also examines factors affecting male and female patterns of sexual and reproductive health behaviour. It evaluates and contrasts the health consequences of the sexual activity of both males and females, including the prevalence of sexually transmitted infections.

  15. Communication and advocacy strategies, adolescent reproductive and sexual health: case study, Philippines

    This case study focuses on adolescent reproductive and sexual health in Philippines. It includes background of the problem; policies and programmes; advocacy and IEC programmes; factors/conditions which have contributed to the success of these best practices or failure or some strategies and from these highlight the lessons learned; guidelines for implementing programmes for adolescents.

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