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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The association between sex education and youth’s engagement in sexual intercourse, age at first intercourse, and birth control use at first sex

    Purpose: Sex education is intended to provide youth with the information and skills needed to make healthy and informed decisions about sex. This study examined whether exposure to formal sex education is associated with three sexual behaviors: ever had sexual intercourse, age at first episode of sexual intercourse, and use of birth control at first intercourse. Methods: Data used were from the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth, a nationally representativesurvey. The sample included 2019 never-married males and females aged 15–19 years. …

  2. The Effects of Contraceptive Education On Method Use at First Intercourse

    Despite long-standing public support for sex education in the schools, it has been difficult to show concrete effects of sex education on sexual and contraceptive behavior. Data from the 1988 National Survey of Family Growth indicate that exposure to a formal contraceptive education program increases the likelihood that a teenage woman will use a contraceptive method at first intercourse. …

  3. Outcomes of three different models for sex education and citizenship programs concerning knowledge, attitudes, and behavior of Brazilian adolescents

    This cross-sectional study describes three approaches to sex education in schools in three locations-- Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte, and Salvador, all in Brazil. It compares knowledge, attitudes and practices related to sexuality, citizenship and gender among adolescents in schools with such programs, compared to controls in schools without them. Results show that the program in Salvador improved knowledge on sexuality and reproductive physiology, attitudes towards citizenship, and use of modern contraceptives compared to controls. …

  4. Abstinence only vs. comprehensive sex education: What are the arguments? What is the evidence?

    Abstinence Only vs. Comprehensive Sex Education: What are the arguments? What is the evidence? is a document focusing on the impact of abstinence and comprehensive sex education programs established in United States. Indeed, the United States still has the highest rates of STIs and teen pregnancy of any industrialized nation. Since President Bush, the Congress tends to promotes abstinence-only approach that will likely have serious unintended consequences by denying young people access to the information they need to protect themselves. …

  5. Evaluating the need for sex education in developing countries: sexual behaviour, knowledge of preventing sexually transmitted infections/HIV and unplanned pregnancy

    The document is an article called "Evaluating the need for sex education in developing countries: sexual behaviour, knowledge of preventing sexually transmitted infections/HIV and unplanned pregnancy" and published in the review "Sex education" in November 2005. It was written by Susheela Singh, Akinrinola Bankole and Vanessa Woog. …

  6. Young men as equal partners (YMEP)

    This publication provides "knowledge, values and understanding of issues on sexuality to boys and young men". It centres on the deconstruction of gender stereotypes that lead to lack of communication and risk behaviour, and advocates a positive view of sexuality to empower individuals to make healthy, respectful and responsible choices. The authors believe that, in order to achieve behaviour change, sex education programmes must be "realistic and closer to the realities and feelings" of young people. …

  7. Reducing the risk: building skills to prevent pregnancy, STD and HIV

    This is an HIV, STI and teenage pregnancy prevention curriculum targeting high-school students (Grades 9 to 12, ages 14 to 18). It is designed to be incorporated into a broader family life or health education programme. This evidence-based curriculum has been thoroughly evaluated. Reducing the Risk promotes abstinence as the most effective means of preventing HIV, STIs and teen pregnancy, but also advocates the use of contraception and condoms for individuals who choose to be sexually active. …

  8. Our whole lives: sexuality education for grades 10-12

    This curriculum focuses on equipping children with age-appropriate information that promotes basic values of sexual health. It is based on the guidelines of the Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States (SIECUS). The curriculum is divided into 52 one-hour sessions distributed over five grades and is designed for in-school use either by a teacher or an outside educator. …

  9. Our whole lives: sexuality education for grades 4-6

    This curriculum focuses on equipping children with age-appropriate information that promotes basic values of sexual health. It is based on the guidelines of the Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States (SIECUS). The curriculum is divided into 52 one-hour sessions distributed over five grades and is designed for in-school use either by a teacher or an outside educator. …

  10. Expanding contraceptive options and access for youth: education, services, and products can help protect against unintended pregnancy and STIs

    Education, services, and products can help protect youth against unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, including HIV, but groups should be targeted with appropriate messages.

  11. Fourteen and younger: the sexual behavior of young adolescents. Summary

    This summary is based on the seven-chapter publication "14 and Younger: the Sexual Behavior of Young Adolescents" - the work of seven teams of investigators examining three nationally-representative data sets and three smaller data sets. It provides answers to some lingering questions concerning this age group's sexual activity, pregnancy rate, contraceptive use, dating patterns, and communication with their parents about sex and related issues.

  12. Mothers' influence on teen sex : connections that promote postponing sexual intercourse

    The study focuses on mother-teen relationships as they affect behaviour among teens who are not yet sexually active. The report looks at several questions such as: Do mothers know whether their teens have had sex?; Do mothers talk to their teens about sex and birth control?; Mothers talk, teen's perceptions: what matters?; What effect do closeness and connectedness have on teen sex?; What else about mothers make a difference for sexual initiation.

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