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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Abortion and unintended pregnancy in six Indian states: findings and implications for policies and programs

    This report summarizes 2015 state-level findings from a large-scale study of six Indian states titled Unintended Pregnancy and Abortion in India (UPAI). Focusing on Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Tamil Nadu, the report estimates the incidence of abortions occurring in facility and nonfacility settings. …

  2. The sexual and reproductive health and rights of young people in India: a review of the situation

    This paper synthesises the evidence on sexual and reproductive health situation of young people in India, sheds light on those sub-populations of young people who are most vulnerable to adverse sexual and reproductive outcomes, and assesses the barriers that compromise the sexual and reproductive health and rights of young people at the individual and family levels, as well as at the programme delivery level.

  3. An inventory of alcohol-related questions in the demographic and health surveys and an analysis of alcohol use and unsafe sex in Sub-Saharan Africa

    This report provides an overview of Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) survey questions related to alcohol consumption and an analysis of outcomes from these questions in DHS surveys. It first examines the questions on alcohol use and the response categories in all surveys that included questions about ever, typical, or current alcohol consumption. The inventory found that alcohol questions were included in 65 surveys in 42 developing countries between 1987 and 2014, and 19 different questions related to alcohol consumption were identified. …

  4. The impact of television and radio on reproductive behavior and on HIV/AIDS knowledge and behavior

    This is a study of the association of radio and television exposure with different aspects of reproductive behavior and with knowledge, attitudes, and behavior in connection with HIV/AIDS. The measures of mass media are limited to the frequency that women and men report listening to the radio and watching television, which are standard questions in the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS). Only the frequency is assessed; the DHS does not obtain information on programmatic content. …

  5. Youth reproductive and sexual health

    The study provides information on key reproductive and sexual health indicators in young women and men age 15-24 in 38 developing countries. The data come from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and AIDS Indicator Surveys (AIS) conducted between 2001 and 2005. Indicators are selected for the following key areas: background characteristics; adolescent pregnancy; contraception; sexual activity; and HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors. Additional analysis examines the association of various individual and household characteristics with the key indicators.

  6. Myanmar: reproductive health baseline community survey 2002

    The report presents findings of the 2002 reproductive health baseline community survey carried out in townships under the UNFPA project. The main objectives of the survey is to find out knowledge, attitude and practice related to reproductive health, STD, HIV/AIDS, maternal health and contraception. The study will provide baseline information for evaluating the progress in the level of knowledge and behaviour change on the reproductive health in those township communities at the end of the project in 2005.

  7. Adolescent and youth reproductive health in Indonesia: status, issues, policies, and programs

    This assessment of adolescent reproductive health in Indonesia is part of a series of assessments in 13 countries in Asia and the Near East. The purpose of the assessments is to highlight the reproductive health status of adolescents in each country, within the context of the lives of adolescent boys and girls. The report begins with the social context and gender socialization that set girls and boys on separate lifetime paths in terms of life expectations, educational attainment, job prospects, labour force participation, reproduction, and duties in the household. …

  8. Completing the demographic transition in developing countries

    This paper reviews the status of the demographic transition worldwide, discusses factors associated with fertility decline, and highlights challenges associated with completing the transition in developing countries. It is intended to help policymakers both here and abroad to better understand the need for continued efforts to reduce fertility and population growth rates, even in the wake of the HIV/AIDS epidemic.

  9. Are adolescents and young adults more likely than are older women to choose commercial and private sector providers of modern contraception?

    This study tests the hypothesis suggested by many smaller studies that young people prefer to use private providers to access contraceptive methods. It examines the patterns in young women’s levels of sexual activity, use of modern methods of contraception, and sources of modern contraception by age group and union status, using Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data. In addition, while controlling for other important explanatory variables, the study seeks to answer the question of whether young women are more likely to choose private sector providers than older women. …

  10. Contraceptive practice in Quirino Province, Philippines: experiences of side effects

    The qualitative research study examines the contraceptive practices and understanding of women in Quirino Province, Philippines that have led many women to discontinue use of contraception even though they do not wish to become pregnant. Three factors are examined for their impact on contraceptive use behaviour; occurrence of side effects, spousal relations, and quality of care.

  11. PSI/Laos research reports: selected summary reports of behavioural and market research studies

    The report contains summaries of behavioural and market research studies conducted in Laos by Population Services International during 1999 to 2000 to determine whether the project has been successful in changing people's behaviour and preventing spread of HIV/AIDS in Laos. …

  12. Communication and advocacy strategies, adolescent reproductive and sexual health: case study, Philippines

    This case study focuses on adolescent reproductive and sexual health in Philippines. It includes background of the problem; policies and programmes; advocacy and IEC programmes; factors/conditions which have contributed to the success of these best practices or failure or some strategies and from these highlight the lessons learned; guidelines for implementing programmes for adolescents.

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