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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Youth reproductive and sexual health

    The study provides information on key reproductive and sexual health indicators in young women and men age 15-24 in 38 developing countries. The data come from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and AIDS Indicator Surveys (AIS) conducted between 2001 and 2005. Indicators are selected for the following key areas: background characteristics; adolescent pregnancy; contraception; sexual activity; and HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors. Additional analysis examines the association of various individual and household characteristics with the key indicators.

  2. Are adolescents and young adults more likely than older women to choose commercial and private sector providers of modern contraception?

    This study tests the hypothesis suggested by many smaller studies that young people prefer to use private providers to access contraceptive methods. It examines the patterns in young women's levels of sexual activity, use of modern methods of contraception, and sources of modern contraception by age group and union status, using Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data. In addition, while controlling for other important explanatory variables, the study seeks to answer the question of whether young women are more likely to choose private sector providers than older women. …

  3. Adolescent and youth reproductive health in Indonesia: status, issues, policies, and programs

    This assessment of adolescent reproductive health in Indonesia is part of a series of assessments in 13 countries in Asia and the Near East. The purpose of the assessments is to highlight the reproductive health status of adolescents in each country, within the context of the lives of adolescent boys and girls. The report begins with the social context and gender socialization that set girls and boys on separate lifetime paths in terms of life expectations, educational attainment, job prospects, labour force participation, reproduction, and duties in the household. …

  4. Adolescent and youth reproductive health in Nepal: status, issues, policies, and programs

    This assessment of adolescent reproductive health in Nepal is part of a series of assessments in 13 countries in Asia and the Near East. The purpose of the assessments is to highlight the reproductive health status of adolescents in each country, within the context of the lives of adolescent boys and girls. The report begins with the social context and gender socialization that set girls and boys on separate lifetime paths in terms of life expectations, educational attainment, job prospects, labour force participation, reproduction, and duties in the household. …

  5. Making it work: linking youth reproductive health and livelihood

    The report presents the result of an analysis of linked programmes. The objectives of the analysis was to assess the challenges and potential effectiveness of programmes integrating adolescent reproductive health and livelihoods, highlight innovative approaches, and define gaps that exist in designing interventions. Assessment of selected programmes was carried out in India, Colombia and Kenya.

  6. Are adolescents and young adults more likely than are older women to choose commercial and private sector providers of modern contraception?

    This study tests the hypothesis suggested by many smaller studies that young people prefer to use private providers to access contraceptive methods. It examines the patterns in young women’s levels of sexual activity, use of modern methods of contraception, and sources of modern contraception by age group and union status, using Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data. In addition, while controlling for other important explanatory variables, the study seeks to answer the question of whether young women are more likely to choose private sector providers than older women. …

  7. A compilation of baseline data to assess the needs of young people in Cambodia

    The compilation contains baseline data gathered by the Cambodia Health Education Media Service (CHEMS). It contains the result and analysis of survey on knowledge, attitude, beliefs and practices of youth in four areas in Cambodia. The survey covers demographic information, audience profile, including listening habits and programme preference, general health information, including disease profile, health services and reproductive and sexual health and social life skills issues.

  8. Children, youth and unsafe abortion

    The factsheet presents facts and consequences of unintended pregnancies and unsafe sex Statements of international commitments presented at the ICPD, Cairo 1994, Fourth World Conference on Women, Beijing 1995, Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women, and CEDAW General Recommendations No. 24 on Article 12 (Women and Health) are also included. The fact sheet can be used as advocacy tools for anyone working in the area of young people's sexual and reproductive health.

  9. PSI/Laos research reports: selected summary reports of behavioural and market research studies

    The report contains summaries of behavioural and market research studies conducted in Laos by Population Services International during 1999 to 2000 to determine whether the project has been successful in changing people's behaviour and preventing spread of HIV/AIDS in Laos. …

  10. Reproductive health of young adults: contraception, pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases

    This training module is part of a series of slide presentations entitled Reproductive Health Series (RH) covering information about reproductive health of young adults. It includes script of information designed to accompany eighty-three 35 mm. colour slides for presentation, together with audience handouts which contain summary of key learning points and note-taking pages during presentation. It also includes list of important readings, key journal articles, book chapters, unpublished papers related to reproductive health of young adults. …

  11. Meeting the needs of young clients: a guide to providing reproductive health services to adolescents

    The handbook was developed to help service providers and health workers strengthen the reproductive health care and services offered to young women and men. It focuses primarily on preventing unplanned pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV/AIDS. It also contains information on counseling young people about reproductive health, counseling victims of sexual violence or coercion, creating youth-friendly programs and creating a referral network. …

  12. Communication and advocacy strategies, adolescent reproductive and sexual health: case study, Lao PDR

    This volume presents the experiences of Lao PDR in planning and implementing the advocacy and IEC strategies for promoting adolescent reproductive and sexual health programmes.

  13. Linking pregnancy prevention to youth development

    This volume addresses the value of motivating teens to delay childbearing and expand their educational and economic goals. The volume explores critical components of these programmes and identifies successful strategies. Models demonstrate linking adolescent health programmes and services, including family life education and contraceptive services, to youth development.

  14. Gender differentials in adolescent sexual activity and reproductive health risks in Cameroon

    This paper documents how young men and women in Cameroon vary in the way they conduct their sexual lives as well as in the reproductive health risks they take. Consideration is given to gender differentials in patterns of sexual initiation, number of regular and casual partners, and condom use. It also examines factors affecting male and female patterns of sexual and reproductive health behaviour. It evaluates and contrasts the health consequences of the sexual activity of both males and females, including the prevalence of sexually transmitted infections.

  15. Communication and advocacy strategies, adolescent reproductive and sexual health: case study, Philippines

    This case study focuses on adolescent reproductive and sexual health in Philippines. It includes background of the problem; policies and programmes; advocacy and IEC programmes; factors/conditions which have contributed to the success of these best practices or failure or some strategies and from these highlight the lessons learned; guidelines for implementing programmes for adolescents.

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