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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Women's empowerment and choice of contraceptive methods in selected African countries

    Few studies have examined the different dimensions of women's empowerment and contraceptive use in African countries. Data for this study came from the latest round of Demographic and Health Surveys conducted between 2006 and 2008 in Namibia, Zambia, Ghana and Uganda. Responses from married or cohabiting women ages 15–49 were analyzed for six dimensions of empowerment and the current use of female-only methods or couple methods. Bivariate and multivariate multinomial regressions were used to identify associations between the empowerment dimensions and method use. …

  2. Movie: Into the hands of women

    Fulaas is one of our community based distributors. He’s also a volunteer. This film follows him as he dispenses family planning advice and contraceptives to villagers in Oromo, Ethiopia. Without Fulaas, and others like him, there would be very little access to contraception in rural Ethiopia. Development depends on getting the right supplies - contraceptives, condoms, medicines, and equipment – to the people who need them most. And that depends on our volunteers. They are part of the largest voluntary organization in sexual and reproductive health and rights. …

  3. Assessing knowledge, attitude, and practice of emergency contraception: a cross-sectional study among Ethiopian undergraduate female students

    The importance of Emergency contraception (EC) is evident in preventing unintended pregnancies and its ill consequences like unintended child delivery or unsafe abortion, which are the most common causes of maternal mortality. Knowing that Ethiopia is one of the countries with highest maternal mortality rate, this study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of EC, and to further elucidate the relationship between these factors and some socioeconomic and demographic characteristics among female undergraduate students of Addis Ababa University. …

  4. A multi-sectoral approach to providing reproductive health and information services to young people in Western Kenya: Kenya Adolescent Reproductive Health Project

    Informing adolescents about appropriate and acceptable behaviours, and ways to protect themselves against unwanted and unprotected sex, has proved problematic in Kenya. Education programmes for in and out of school adolescents are lacking, there is controversy around providing services to sexually active adolescents, and a pervasive concern that sexuality education and contraceptive services leads to promiscuity. …

  5. The Questions Adolescents Ask Most Frequently About Pregnancy and Their Answers. Vol 4

    The GTZ supported Reproductive Health Project of Tanzania developed youth-friendly education materials, with basic facts about human physiology and reproduction, sexuality, prevention of unwanted pregnancies and HIV/STIs, as well as about partnership and communication between partners. Based on the most frequently asked questions adolescents had on a range of sexual and reproductive health issues, a multidisciplinary team of specialists together with young people de-veloped six "question-and-answer" booklets. …

  6. Girls' Power Initiative. Training manual. Level 3. Adolescent Sexuality, sexual and reproductive health and rights

    This document is a training manual designed to help facilitators to provide sexuality education (human sexuality, sexual and reproductive health, rights and responsibilities). This training manual (level 3) was produced and revised by Girl's power initiative (GPI), a Nigerian NGO in 2003. …

  7. Girls' Power Initiative Nigeria. Training manual. Level 2. Adolescent Sexuality, sexual and reproductive health and rights.

    This document is a training manual designed to help facilitator to provide sexuality education (human sexuality, sexual and reproductive health, rights and responsibilities). This training manual (level 2) was produced and revised by Girl's power initiative (GPI), a Nigerian NGO in 2003. …

  8. Pregnancy-related school dropout and prior school performance in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

    This study is an article extracted from "Studies in family planning", special issue on Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive health in sub-Saharan Africa, published in December 2008. This study uses data from KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa to examine the factors associated with schoolgirl pregnancy and subsequent educational pathways. …

  9. Young women's perceived ability to refuse sex in urban Cameroon

    This study is an article extracted from "Studies in family Planning" published in December 2008. It draws upon data from the 2002 Cameroon Adolescent Reproductive Health Survey to analyse the determinants of young women's perceived ability to refuse sex in urban Cameroon. Young women's status characteristics predict their vulnerability differently under different circumstances, and young women report having a lower ability to refuse sex in their relationships with men in positions of power over them. …

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