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Adolescent pregnancy, particularly unintended pregnancy, can have lasting social, economic, and health outcomes. The objective of this review is to identify high-quality interventions and evaluations to decrease unintended and repeat pregnancy among young people in low- and middle-income countries. PubMed, Embase, PsycInfo, Cinahl Plus, Popline, and the Cochrane Databases were searched for all languages for articles published through November 2015. Gray literature was searched by hand. Reference tracing was utilized, as well as unpacking systematic reviews. …
Investments that promote keeping girls in school, particularly in secondary school, have far-reaching and long-term health and development benefits for individuals, families, and communities. The purpose of this brief is to describe the relationship of girls’ education on family planning and reproductive health and behaviors; highlight evidence-based practices that increase girls’ enrollment, retention, and participation in school; and provide recommendations for how the health sector can support keeping girls in school.
Objectives: To describe the sexual and reproductive behaviour of adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa, particularly 15- to 19-year-olds. Methods: Using DHS/AIS data (2000–2010), nine indicators of adolescent behaviour and one of adult attitudes towards condom education for adolescents were described for 24 countries. Indicators were disaggregated by gender, urban/rural residency and educational status, and time trends were described. Results: Up to 25% of 15- to 19-year-olds reported sex before age 15; this proportion shrank over time in many countries. …
This policy brief gives an overview of Muslim countries' policies on and support for family planning and modern contraception. It reviews Islamic jurisprudence and justifications for sanctioning family planning.
The paper reviews the research findings and policy options regarding relationships between family planning and women's lives.
This volume addresses the value of motivating teens to delay childbearing and expand their educational and economic goals. The volume explores critical components of these programmes and identifies successful strategies. Models demonstrate linking adolescent health programmes and services, including family life education and contraceptive services, to youth development.
This fourth volume of "Communities responding to the challenge of adolescent pregnancy prevention" examines the barriers which restrict young people's access to contraception. It discusses key strategies for planning and implementing contraceptive availability programmes, based on effective models.
This second volume of "Communities responding to the challenge of adolescent pregnancy prevention" provides step-by-step guidance on assessing the needs and assets of youth in the community, developing a strong funding base for programmes, and planning for the evaluation of pregnancy prevention programmes.
This first volume of "Communities responding to the challenge of adolescent pregnancy prevention" reviews recent research on adolescent pregnancy; describes how to build coalitions; outlines steps for planning and conducting pregnancy prevention campaigns; and provides tips for working with the media, policy makers, and other key stakeholders.
This paper mainly presents the description of school-based programmes; literature review and programmatic; the process of planning, design, and implementation; the components of a school-based reproductive health programmes; and summary of programmatic recommendations.