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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Preventing early pregnancy and poor reproductive outcomes among adolescents in developing countries: what the evidence says

    These guidelines are primarily intended for programme managers, technical advisors and researchers from governments, nongovernmental organizations, development agencies and academia. They are also likely to be of interest to public health practitioners, professional associations and civil society groups. They have been developed through a systematic review of existing research and input from experts from countries around the world, in partnership with many key international organizations working to improve adolescents’ health. …

  2. Adolescent women’s need for and use of sexual and reproductive health services in developing countries

    With this report, the authors aim to provide an up-to-date and comprehensive overview of the use of sexual and reproductive health services by adolescent women aged 15–19 in the developing world. Using reliable nationally representative surveys in 70 countries, the report presents 30 indicators that cover a wide range of topics related to the sexual and reproductive health of adolescent women. Chapter 2 outlines the methods and data sources used for this report. Chapter 3 focuses on marriage, sexual activity and contraception. …

  3. Educating girls: Creating a foundation for positive sexual and reproductive health behaviors

    Investments that promote keeping girls in school, particularly in secondary school, have far-reaching and long-term health and development benefits for individuals, families, and communities. The purpose of this brief is to describe the relationship of girls’ education on family planning and reproductive health and behaviors; highlight evidence-based practices that increase girls’ enrollment, retention, and participation in school; and provide recommendations for how the health sector can support keeping girls in school.

  4. Motherhood in Childhood: Facing the challenge of adolescent pregnancy. State of world population 2013

    Every day in developing countries, 20,000 girls below age 18 give birth. Nine in 10 of these births occur within marriage or a union. This has consequences on the health, education, employment and rights of an untold millions of girls. What are the challenges of adolescent pregnancy, and what can we do to ensure girls have a healthy and safe transition into adulthood?

  5. Illusions of Care. Lack of Accountability for Reproductive Rights in Argentina

    This 52-page report documents the many obstacles women and girls face in getting the reproductive health care services to which they are entitled, such as contraception, voluntary sterilization procedures, and abortion after rape. The most common barriers to care include long delays in providing services, unnecessary referrals to other clinics, demands for spousal permission contrary to law, financial barriers, and in some cases outright denial of care.

  6. Adolescent sexual and reproductive health programs in humanitarian settings: an in-depth look at family planning services

    This report summarizes findings and recommendations of a year-long exercise undertaken by the Women’s Refugee Commission and Save the Children - in partnership with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) to map existing adolescent sexual and reproductive health programs and document good practices. The work was accomplished through a practitioner survey and humanitarian funding analyses; key informant interviews; and collection of good practice case studies.

  7. Política nacional de salud sexual y reproductiva

    Este documento presenta la política nacional de salud sexual y reproductiva (SSR) para el periodo 2002 a 2006. Parte de una conceptualización de la SSR, de acuerdo con lo planteado en la Cuarta Conferencia Mundial sobre la Mujer (1995) y la Conferencia Internacional sobre Población y Desarrollo (1994) que, a su vez, incorporan la definición de salud de la Organización Mundial de la Salud. …

  8. ¿Qué sirve mejor en la enseñanza sobre la sexualidad y el VIH?

    Los programas educativos sobre la sexualidad y el VIH tienen varias metas: disminuir los embarazos no planeados, reducir las enfermedades de transmisión sexual (ETS) incluyendo la del VIH y mejorar la salud sexual de los jóvenes. Algunos de los numerosos factores que influyen en la conducta sexual y el uso de protección entre los adolescentes tienen poco que ver con las relaciones sexuales, por ejemplo: la crianza en una comunidad desfavorecida, la falta de apego a los padres o el fracaso escolar. …

  9. The sexual and reproductive health of young people in Latin America: Evidence from WHO case studies

    This original article addresses the sexual and reproductive health needs of young people aged 15 to 24 in Latin America. It introduces five articles from original research projects in three countries: Argentina, Brazil, and Peru. These projects were funded by the World Health Organization. This article explains the importance of studies that address the sexual and reproductive health of young people in developing countries. It provides an overview of sexual and reproductive health issues in Latin America and a discussion these issues in the three study countries.

  10. Por una vida sexual placentera, responsable y libre de violencia

    Documento dirigido a jóvenes y adolescentes mexicanos con información sobre afectividad, salud sexual y reproductiva, prevención de ITS, VIH y embarazo no deseado. Incluye información sobre anticoncepción de emergencia e interrupción del embarazo en México.

  11. Overlooked and Uninformed: Young Adolescents' Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights

    Overlooked and Uninformed: Young Adolescents' Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights is a short informational brief focusing on young adolescents across the world and their needs to know about their bodies and their sexual rights and responsibilities. It aims to inform policymaking on the importance to include 10-14 years old adolescents in programs and policy regarding sexual and reproductive health and rights. The document states that all young people need information and skills to protect themselves from harm and to make free, informed, and responsible sexual and reproductive decisions. …

  12. International technical guidance on sexuality education: an evidence-informed approach for schools, teachers and health educators

    Based on a rigorous and current review of evidence on sexuality education programmes, this International Technical Guidance on Sexuality Education is aimed at education and health sector decision-makers and professionals. It has been produced to assist education, health and other relevant authorities in the development and implementation of school-based sexuality education programmes and materials. Volume I focuses on the rationale for sexuality education and provides sound technical advice on characteristics of effective programmes. …

  13. Salud sexual y reproductiva en Chile - 2007: actualización de datos estadísticos

    El objetivo de este trabajo fue recolectar, actualizar y describir la información estadística disponible relacionada con salud sexual y reproductiva (SSR) en el país, incluido el VIH/SIDA y las ITS, considerando la perspectiva de género y étnica de Chile. De este modo, se da cuenta de los siguientes temas específicos: estadísticas vitales y demográficas, sexualidad en adolescentes y jóvenes, embarazo, regulación de la fecundidad, VIH/SIDA e ITS, violencia, salud en hombres y mujeres. …

  14. Preservativo masculino. Actualización bibliográfica

    Actualización bibliográfica que demuestra la eficacia del preservativo masculino como estrategia de prevención de contagio del VIH, y que lo confirma como parte de las políticas de salud pública del gobierno de Chile. Resultados de investigaciones al respecto, bibliografía y gran cantidad de enlaces sobre el tema.

  15. Qué deben saber madres, padres y docentes sobre educación sexual y VIH/SIDA

    Este documento es una cartilla educativa que hace una recapitulación de las preguntas más habituales de los padres y docentes en los talleres de concientización y capacitación que realizó la Fundación para Estudio e Investigación de la Mujer en los últimos 15 años en escuelas, centros comunitarios y otras instituciones del país. …

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