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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Looking ahead: HIV prevention amongst young people in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Based on lessons learned from the Adolescent-Friendly Services Pilot Experience

    The UNICEF-supported Adolescent Friendly Services (AFS) pilot project was implemented by the MoH in the Islamic Republic of Iran (hereafter referred to as Iran) from 2006 to 2011. While the project aimed to outreach in particular to the most vulnerable and at risk young people to help them protect themselves from HIV, it has also benefited the general public. …

  2. Draft Department of Basic Education national policy on HIV, STIs and TB

    The Department of Basic Education HIV, STIs and TB Policy applies to all learners, educators, school support staff and officials in the Basic Education Sector at all public and independent primary and secondary schools in the Republic of South Africa. …

  3. HIV and adolescents: focus on young key populations

    Adolescents and young adults are at increased risk for HIV due to the many developmental, psychological, social, and structural transitions that converge in this period of the lifespan. In addition, adolescent deaths resulting from HIV continue to rise despite declines in other age groups. There are also young key populations (YKPs) that bear disproportionate burdens of HIV and are the most vulnerable, including young men who have sex with men (MSM), transgender youth, young people who inject drugs, and adolescent and young adult sex workers. …

  4. Guideline in HIV disclosure counselling for children up to 12 years of age

    The World Health Organization (WHO) has developed guidance for health care workers on how to support children up to 12 years of age and their caregivers with disclosure of HIV status. Health care workers (HCWs) know that disclosure decisions are complex because of stigma, social support concerns, family relations, parenting skills and concern about children’s emotional and maturational ability to understand and cope with the nature of the illness. …

  5. Foundation for the future: meeting the psychosocial needs of children living with HIV in Africa

    This technical brief describes promising practices in critical services related to the psychological and social well-being of perinatally-infected children (aged 0 to 12 years) in Africa. These include the identification, testing, and counseling of children so that they are linked to appropriate support as early as possible, as well as the provision of ongoing PSS to help children and their families manage disclosure, stigma, and grief and bereavement processes. …

  6. Assessing implementation of Botswana's program for orphans and vulnerable children

    Botswana's 2008 National Guidelines on the Care of Orphans and Vulnerable Children define a vulnerable child as any child under the age of 18 years who lives in an abusive environment, a poverty-stricken family unable to access basic services, or a child-headed household; a child who lives with sick parents or outside family care; or who is HIV positive. Due to challenges in creating an effective response that corresponds to this broad definition, there are no available estimates of the number of children rendered vulnerable as a result of HIV, poverty, and other causes in Botswana. …

  7. THE TEST: A Test in Time Saves Lives: An activity handbook for helping teenagers learn about VCT (Voluntary Counselling and Testing for HIV/AIDS)

    This guide is a resource booklet for adult and peer facilitators to encourage young people between the ages of 11-18 to explore the issues surrounding Voluntary Counselling and Testing for HIV/AIDS (VCT) through holistic interactive programmes (combination of heart, head and hand responses) that help them achieve their right to health. This booklet came about as a result of a national process to develop guidelines and a code of conduct for VCT for HIV, relating to children. …

  8. Protocol for Child Counseling on HIV Testing, Disclosure and Support

    This protocol has been developed to meet a need for guidance on counseling of children and their parents/guardians about HIV/AIDS in 30 USAID/FHI projects with orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) under the IMPACT project in India. The document is a product of national and international experience on counseling with expert advice gathered through a two-day national meeting of child psychologists, child psychiatrists and social workers, as well as regional meetings with 30 NGOs working with children on HIV/AIDS issues. …

  9. Psychosocial care and support for young children and infants in the time of HIV and Aids: A resource for programming

    This publication is offered as a resource for programme staff in organisations that work with babies and young children, or their parents or caregivers, in the context of HIV and Aids, poverty and conflict. It is not intended for direct presentation to grassroots community workers, parents or caregivers.It can be used to develop programmes, training or action sheets for local needs. The material contained in this publication can be used as a set of principles or guidelines.

  10. Overlooked and Uninformed: Young Adolescents' Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights

    Overlooked and Uninformed: Young Adolescents' Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights is a short informational brief focusing on young adolescents across the world and their needs to know about their bodies and their sexual rights and responsibilities. It aims to inform policymaking on the importance to include 10-14 years old adolescents in programs and policy regarding sexual and reproductive health and rights. The document states that all young people need information and skills to protect themselves from harm and to make free, informed, and responsible sexual and reproductive decisions. …

  11. Reproductive Health of Arab Young People

    Reproductive Health of Arab Young People is a short article written by J. DeJong of the Faculty of Health Sciences, American University of Beirut, and G- El-Khoury of Unicef Middle East and North Africa Region from Amman, Jordan, in 2006. It presents the current situation in the Arab region regarding sexual and reproductive services and information. It shows that cultural taboos are still limiting young people's access, especially for those unmarried, to integrated health services including contraception for sexually active adolescents and health education. …

  12. The national plan of action (NPA) for children affected by HIV and AIDS until 2010 with a vision to 2020

    The Vietnam National Plan of Action for children affected by HIV/AIDS was developed to address shortcomings and challenges related to the protection of children affected by HIV/AIDS, and to respond to international commitments. …

  13. Supporting orphans and other vulnerable children through communication and basic counselling: a reference guide for service providers

    There have been many counselling interventions since the onset of HIV/AIDS in Uganda but most have focused on adults. The Ministry of Gender, Labour and Social Development (MGLSD) with CORE Initiative and CORE Initiative partners identified that the specific needs for counselling of orphans and other vulnerable children (OVC), defined under different categories within the National Orphans and Other Vulnerable Children's Policy (NOP), still need to be addressed. …

  14. Involving Young People in the Care and Support of People Living with HIV/AIDS in Zambia

    Discusses findings from a study that examined how to involve youth in the care and support of people living with HIV/AIDS and orphans and vulnerable children. Research summary (2003) and summary of baseline findings (2002) also available.

  15. Investing in Our Future: Psychosocial Support for Children Affected by HIV/AIDS. A Case Study in Zimbabwe and the United Republic of Tanzania

    As the number of HIV/AIDS orphans continues to grow, programs are being established to ensure proper health and schooling for these children. This document takes the support into the psychosocial realm and explores ways in which effective interventions have been developed and implemented to help orphans and affected youth develop a strong self-image and to strengthen self-esteem. The case studies show NGOs and organizations that work and are at work in the United Republic of Tanzania and Zimbabwe.

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