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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Supporting HIV-positive learners in inclusive classes in South Africa: Is it the responsibility of teachers

    The adoption of White Paper 6 of 2001 in South Africa on the implementation of inclusive education has become an important milestone to ensure the accommodation of the full range of learner needs in ordinary schools. This paper deals with the rights and needs of HIV-positive learners and their first line of support, namely ordinary teachers, who form the backbone of support within the inclusive classroom. At the moment, learners living with HIV miss out frequently on help and support because specialist out-of-school HIV and AIDS services are not geared towards their needs. …

  2. Linking sexual and reproductive health and HIV/AIDS. Gateways to integration: a case study from Swaziland

    This document is in three parts. It first discusses the 4 prongs for the elimination of HIV infection among children; in other words, the 4 prongs of PMTCT. The 4 prongs are: (1) preventing unintended pregnancies among women living with HIV, (2) preventing new HIV infections, (3) safer infant feedings, and (4) treatment. This document focuses primarily on the first 2 prongs and how PMTCT is critical because the impact of keeping children alive will be lost if their mothers are not also kept alive. …

  3. In-school HIV and AIDS counselling services in Botswana: an exploratory study

    This exploratory study describes the provision of HIV & AIDS counselling services in Botswana junior secondary schools as perceived by teachers. A total of 45 teachers (age range = 20-55; teaching experience range = 0-21 years) from three schools participated. The participants completed a questionnaire on the types of HIV & AIDS-related counselling services provided in the junior secondary schools services, their self-rated HIV & AIDS counselling training needs and their perceived importance of the HIV & AIDS-related counselling services. …

  4. Teacher peer counseling on HIV/AIDS successes and lessons learned from Mangochi District, Malawi, September 2008

    More than forty percent of teacher deaths in Malawi are related to HIV/AIDS, making AIDS-related death the most common cause of teacher attrition. In Malawi's Mangochi District, an average of three teachers die every month due to illness related to HIV/AIDS, with 52 teachers - 4.3 percent of the teaching corps - dying between June 2006 and August 2008.2 To respond to this crisis, Save the Children initiated an HIV/AIDS peer counseling program for teachers. A needs assessment showed that teachers, like others, rarely go for testing and generally lack access to anti-retroviral medications. …

  5. Assessing implementation of Botswana's program for orphans and vulnerable children

    Botswana's 2008 National Guidelines on the Care of Orphans and Vulnerable Children define a vulnerable child as any child under the age of 18 years who lives in an abusive environment, a poverty-stricken family unable to access basic services, or a child-headed household; a child who lives with sick parents or outside family care; or who is HIV positive. Due to challenges in creating an effective response that corresponds to this broad definition, there are no available estimates of the number of children rendered vulnerable as a result of HIV, poverty, and other causes in Botswana. …

  6. Protocol for Child Counseling on HIV Testing, Disclosure and Support

    This protocol has been developed to meet a need for guidance on counseling of children and their parents/guardians about HIV/AIDS in 30 USAID/FHI projects with orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) under the IMPACT project in India. The document is a product of national and international experience on counseling with expert advice gathered through a two-day national meeting of child psychologists, child psychiatrists and social workers, as well as regional meetings with 30 NGOs working with children on HIV/AIDS issues. …

  7. A Report of the School/Community Linkages in HIV and AIDS at Serenje Boma Basic and Kafue Day High School

    This is a report of the situation analysis, needs assessment and advocacy activities of the community/school linkages in HIV/AIDS carried out at Serenje Boma Basic and Kafue Day High Schools.Under coordination of the Zambia National Commission for UNESCO, Zambia was selected to take part in the School/Community linkages in HIV/AIDS whose main objective was to strengthen the links between schools and communities in the fight against HIV/AIDS. For this purpose, Serenje Boma Basic and Kafue Day High School were sampled for the programme. …

  8. Youth reproductive health in Nepal : is participation the answer?

    The document discusses the processes and results of a multi-year research study jointly undertaken by ICRW, EngenderHealth, and Nepali partners. The project tested the effectiveness of the participatory approach in defining and addressing the reproductive health concerns of adolescents.

  9. The Impact of HIV/AIDS on the University of Nairobi

    The aim of this case study was to document the effects of HIV/AIDS on the University of Nairobi personnel, operations and resource use. The study was of a descriptive nature and relied mostly on qualitative methodoloies such as interviews, group discussions and the analysis of documents.

  10. Challenging the Challenger: Understanding and expanding the response of universities in Africa to HIV/AIDS

    This report commissioned by ADEA sets out to understand how HIV/AIDS affects African universities and to identify responses. Based on case studies at 7 universities in 6 countries (Benin, Ghana, Kenya, Namibia, South Africa and Zambia) it compares and analyses the findings.

  11. Working with men for HIV prevention and care

    Le rôle que les relations de genre jouent dans la propagation du virus est de plus en plus connu. En exemple, dans le monde entier, les femmes sont moins nombreuses que les hommes à être en position de décider de quand et comment avoir les relations sexuelles. De même, Il apparaît clair que les femmes ne peuvent pas changer les relations dominantes de genre, qui prévaut actuellement, sans le concours de leurs partenaires masculins. Ainsi, l'engagement des hommes est un élément essentiel dans la prévention du VIH. Ce document vise à aider ceux qui travaillent avec les hommes dans le contexte de la santé sexuelle et de reproduction en général et celui de la prévention du VIH en particulier. Il examine 12 projets dont le celui de Papai. Ce dernier travaille avec les jeunes hommes de Recife au Brésil à promouvoir la participation à la santé, l'éducation et la prise en charge des enfants. L'analyse des stratégies de ces jeunes et des leçons à retenir devrait générer les besoins communs vitaux des hommes par rapport au VIH/SIDA et à leur santé et donner une idée des approches de travail efficaces avec les hommes.

  12. Counselling and HIV/AIDS

    HIV counseling is an important component of HIV/AIDS prevention. Evaluations from Uganda and Rwanda demonstrated this. Yet, there is a reluctance among some decision-makers and service managers to give HIV counseling its proper due as a discipline through which trained practitioners can produce measurable useful results. It is under-resourced and not fully appreciated.

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