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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Comprehensive sexuality education, culture and gender: the effect of the cultural setting on a sexuality education programme in Ethiopia

    Comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) is recognised as an effective method of sexual health education, with the school identified as a fitting site of implementation. Its holistic and participatory nature endeavours to develop the knowledge, attitudes and life-skills of students to help them secure their sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR). This qualitative study aimed to better understand aspects of CSE implementation in one context. …

  2. Young people's understanding of HIV: a qualitative study among school students in Mankweng, South Africa

    This article describes young people's interpretation of HIV, AIDS and sexually transmitted illness in a rural South African community in Mankweng, Limpopo Province. Method: The study was based on 19 focus group discussions with adolescents aged 12-14 years. Results: Our participants had limited knowledge about HIV from a biomedical perspective. Their understanding and interpretations of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases were largely informed by traditional and religious belief systems that explain how and why people contract an illness via sexual intercourse. …

  3. HIV education in South African schools: the dilemma and conflicts of educators

    Educators within the school system are well placed to facilitate the dissemination of knowledge and skills in order for adolescents to be equipped for appropriate sexual decision-making. The aim of this research was to provide an understanding of educators' beliefs, attitudes and behaviours with regard to sexual and reproductive health promotion. Methods: Individual interviews were conducted with 15 educators from demographically diverse high schools in the Western Cape. One-off interviews were conducted with Grade 8 Life Orientation educators and principals. …

  4. The KNUT EFAIDS training manual

    The Kenya National Union of Teachers (KNUT) has been implementing a successful programme - the EFAIDS, as a contribution to the achievement of the Education For All (EFA) in the era of HIV and AIDS pandemic. The programme is co-sponsored by Education International (EI). The manual is intended to equip the trainers with skills and knowledge to facilitate their ability to train their colleague teachers at the school level who will in turn reach out to the learners and the surrounding communities. Specifically the trainers will: 1. Acquire information about KNUT EI/EFAIDS; 2. …

  5. Health and family life education teacher training manual

    The main goal of the manual is to provide teachers with the knowledge and competences to conduct HIV education lesson in the classroom at the primary and secondary level and to make available important resources for the lesson delivery. The document represents a three-day module with a focus on the themes of Interpersonal Relationships and Sexuality and Sexual Health. HIV and AIDS are introduced within Sexuality theme.

  6. Working with Masai youth to stop the spread of AIDS in Kenya

    This article tells about the experience of the financial administrator of an international organization (Engender Health) that carry out a workshop on HIV/AIDS with the Masai population.

  7. A participatory handbook for youth drug abuse prevention programmes: a guide for development and improvement

    This drug abuse prevention handbook is designed to help youth groups around the world identify the real issues that concern them and develop programmes to reach their peers. The philosophy behind this document is that, if substance abuse is to be tackled, young people should lead this effort since they know their own needs better than anyone else.

  8. A cultural approach to HIV/AIDS prevention and care: towards a handbook for India. Overall assessment, case studies, strategies/conclusions/recommendations

    The document, devoted to the cultural approach to HIV/AIDS prevention and care in India, provides critical summary of the results of research already carried out in all related fields and proposes a series of methodological and pedagogical proposals on the topic. Detailed descriptions of case studies carried out among vulnerable and risk population groups are also provided.

  9. Youth and HIV/AIDS: choices, leadership, and survival

    The document contains quotes from youth, facts and statistics, information linking AIDS to the issues under discussion at the World Youth Forum, and the Youth Position Paper from the UN Special Session on AIDS.

  10. Socio-cultural aspects of menstruation in an urban slum in Delhi, India

    The paper attempts to understand the experience of menstruation in the socio-cultural context of an urban Indian slum. Observations were gathered as part of a larger study of reproductive tract infections in women in Delhi, using both qualitative and quantitative methods.

  11. A cultural approach to HIV/AIDS prevention and care. Handbook 2. Approach to strategy and policy building

    This handbook is one of a series of four methodological documents: 1 - Appropriate communication for behavioural change; 2 - Strategy and policy building; 3 - Field work: building local response; 4 - Project design and implementation. Each specific handbook deals with two major topics: i) A general explanation of the cultural approach to HIV/AIDS; ii) Specific sections focus on the levels of action to be considered: strategy/policy, project design and field work. The present handbook comprises two major divisions: situation analysis and ways and means for building appropriate strategy/policy. It includes cross-references to the other three handbooks.

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