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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Educación sexual de los hombres: historias de vida de tres generaciones

    El estudio Educación sexual de los hombres: historias de vida de tres generaciones, es una iniciativa de la Dirección General de Investigación y Evaluación Educativa –Digeduca– del Ministerio de Educación de Guatemala –Mineduc–, financiada por la Unesco, que surge de la necesidad de dar continuidad a los esfuerzos realizados por el Ministerio para generar insumos que puedan servir para el diseño de estrategias que focalicen la acción en el ámbito de la educación integral en sexualidad. …

  2. Implementation of provisions under the ESA commitment on comprehensive sexuality education and sexual and reproductive health and rights in Zambia

    Zambia is one of the twenty countries in the Eastern and Southern Africa (ESA) region that affirmed their joint commitment to deliver Comprehensive Sexuality Education (CSE) and Sexual Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR) services for young people. There are a number of strategies and policies that support the Implementation of these commitments in Zambia. …

  3. Coming of age in the classroom: religious and cultural barriers to comprehensive sexuality education

    This paper elucidates evidence which underscores anxieties and panic about sexuality and sexual behaviour of young people influenced by movements advancing a distinct religious identity, and the implications for advocacy on advancing Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR). Synthesised in this document is evidence from two countries - Bangladesh and India - on Comprehensive Sexuality Education (CSE), an area of controversy (to varying degree) in both countries. Evidence from each country stem from national studies on the influence of religion on CSE, and are qualitative in nature. …

  4. Probing the politics of comprehensive sexuality education: ‘Universality’ versus ‘Cultural Sensitivity’: a Dutch–Bangladeshi collaboration on adolescent sexuality education

    As part of Western European development aid policy, comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) is increasingly promoted in resource-poor countries. This paper engages with CSE promotion in Bangladesh funded by the Dutch Government. It unpacks the ‘collaboration’ by looking at how a paradox is played out between the universal ideals underlying a broader transnational rights-approach and the intended cultural sensitivity by adapting CSE to the targeted context. …

  5. Comprehensive sexuality education, culture and gender: the effect of the cultural setting on a sexuality education programme in Ethiopia

    Comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) is recognised as an effective method of sexual health education, with the school identified as a fitting site of implementation. Its holistic and participatory nature endeavours to develop the knowledge, attitudes and life-skills of students to help them secure their sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR). This qualitative study aimed to better understand aspects of CSE implementation in one context. …

  6. Youth in a void: sexuality, HIV/AIDS and communication in Kenyan public schools

    The disappearance of traditional sex education during rites of passage in African societies has left many youth uncertain of where to look for information. Against this backcloth, the objectives of this study were to identify knowledge gaps amongst adolescents in Kenya regarding sexuality, HIV/AIDS and reproductive health. A thematic analysis was conducted of questions posed by 735 school youth aged 12–18 years from Meru and Kajiado Districts. Results show that many questions showed curiosity and anxiousness. …

  7. Educación de la sexualidad y prevención de las ITS y el VIH/SIDA desde los enfoques de género, de derechos y sociocultural: Orientaciones metodológicas formación del personal pedagógico

    Este material didáctico es un marco teórico de referencia que, en su articulación con las orientaciones metodológicas aportadas, constituyen un punto de partida que resulta indispensable para la adecuada preparación del personal pedagógico, con vistas a cumplir efectiva y científicamente la función de educadores y promotores de una sexualidad sana, plena y responsable, libre de riesgos en las niñas y niños, los y las adolescentes y jóvenes, atendiendo a las características de estos grupos etarios y las del contexto sociocultural en que se desarrollan.

  8. Educación de la sexualidad y prevención de las ITS y el VIH/SIDA desde los enfoques de género, de derechos y sociocultural: Orientaciones metodológicas educación preescolar, primaria y especial

    Este material didáctico es un marco teórico de referencia que, en su articulación con las orientaciones metodológicas aportadas, constituyen un punto de partida que resulta indispensable para la adecuada preparación del personal pedagógico, con vistas a cumplir efectiva y científicamente la función de educadores y promotores de una sexualidad sana, plena y responsable, libre de riesgos en las niñas y niños, los y las adolescentes y jóvenes, atendiendo a las características de estos grupos etarios y las del contexto sociocultural en que se desarrollan.

  9. Minding the gap in Alexandria: Talking to girls in schools about reproductive health

    Reproductive health (RH) is one of the cornerstones of an individual’s health and well-being, and an important component of a country’s human social development. Limited access to RH information among female adolescents can increase their vulnerability to health problems. Therefore, it is important to provide them with accurate and age-appropriate information. In the Middle East and North Africa, cultural norms dictate that girls should not be exposed to information about RH until they are married. …

  10. Sexuality education approaches: what would be applicable to North of Africa and Middle East?

    In this paper, Middle East and North of Africa are not presented from demographic dimension, rather from cultural one, where the most dominant religion is is Islam. Consequently, the paper will discuss applicability of sex education approaches from Islamic perspectives but within the Middle East and North of Africa context.

  11. Shaping AIDS Education and Prevention Programs for African Americans Amidst Community Decline

    AIDS education must be tailored to the target community's needs. A three-pronged approach is needed to mitigate the AIDS epidemic within the African American community. Firstly, the notion that AIDS and the drug abuse epidemics are a conspiracy must be dispelled and converted into a movement to save African Americans. Secondly, African American men and women, separately then together, must take responsibility for the gender role changes that have encouraged HIV and STI infections. …

  12. Go Girls! Visual Briefs

    This booklet contains flipcharts on a variety of topics to help communities identify ways to make environment safer for girls.

  13. HIV education in South African schools: the dilemma and conflicts of educators

    Educators within the school system are well placed to facilitate the dissemination of knowledge and skills in order for adolescents to be equipped for appropriate sexual decision-making. The aim of this research was to provide an understanding of educators' beliefs, attitudes and behaviours with regard to sexual and reproductive health promotion. Methods: Individual interviews were conducted with 15 educators from demographically diverse high schools in the Western Cape. One-off interviews were conducted with Grade 8 Life Orientation educators and principals. …

  14. The sexual and reproductive health of younger adolescents. Research issues in developing countries

    This paper reviews quantitative and qualitative evidence on adolescents' sexual and reproductive health from a number of developing countries and, where possible, highlights findings for boys and girls aged under 15 years in those studies where findings are disaggregated by age and sex (which is not always the case). The evidence is sporadic, however, and is by no means representative of all developing countries. …

  15. Making sense of capacity development: experiences with technical assistance and capacity development in the HIV response

    The objectives of this book are: 1. To share case studies of technical capacity development for use by countries, individuals and organizations working in the field of HIV. 2. To highlight innovations and approaches which can be adapted or adopted when planning and implementing capacity development and technical support in HIV for strengthening national capacity. The book includes a case study from Brazil: "Harmonization of Public Policies around HIV Prevention in Schools" which shares experiences from the International Centre for Technical Cooperation (ICTC). …

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