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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Les déterminants socioculturels et communautaires des grossesses non désirées et des avortements. Rapport final

    C’est dans le cadre de son intervention en faveur de la promotion des DSSR des jeunes en République Démocratique du Congo que MdM a commandité cette étude dont l’objectif global est d’analyser les barrières à l’utilisation des contraceptifs chez les jeunes de 15-24 ans et les déterminants des grossesses non désirés et des avortements clandestins particulièrement chez ces jeunes filles et en général chez les femmes en âge de procréer.

  2. Comprehensive sexuality education, culture and gender: the effect of the cultural setting on a sexuality education programme in Ethiopia

    Comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) is recognised as an effective method of sexual health education, with the school identified as a fitting site of implementation. Its holistic and participatory nature endeavours to develop the knowledge, attitudes and life-skills of students to help them secure their sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR). This qualitative study aimed to better understand aspects of CSE implementation in one context. …

  3. Efficacy of an American alcohol and hiv prevention curriculum adapted for use in South Africa: results of a pilot study in five township schools

    The high prevalence of HIV among young people in African countries underscores a pressing need for effective prevention interventions. Adapting school–based prevention programs developed in the United States for use in African schools may present an alternative to the time–consuming process of developing home–grown programs. The researchers report the results of a pretest–posttest field trial of an alcohol/ HIV prevention curriculum adapted from an American model and delivered to ninth-grade students in five South African township schools. …

  4. Abordagem sócio-cultural em saúde sexual e reproductiva: iniciativa piloto nos distritos de Zavala a Mossuril

    Com o objectivo de apoiar o Governo de Moçambique no seu trabalho sobre o papel da cultura na promoção do desenvolvimento económico e humano do país, o Programa Conjunto do Fundo para o Alcance dos Objectivos de Desenvolvimento do Milénio (F-ODM) para o Fortalecimento das Indústrias Culturais e Criativas e Políticas Inclusivas em Moçambique, e o Programa Conjunto “One UN” do HIV&SIDA criaram o Projecto piloto de Saúde Sexual e Reprodutiva (SSR) nos distritos focais de Ilha de Moçambique, Mossuril (ambos na Província de Nampula) e Zavala (Província de Inhambane), visando usar uma “abordagem sóc …

  5. Cultural and community practices aimed at promoting sexual and reprodctive health (Nampula, Sofala, Inhambane - Mozambique)

    O presente relatório apresenta os resultados da pesquisa etnográfica realizada nos distritos de Ribáuè, Mossuril, Nhamatanda e Zavala sobre as práticas culturais e comunitárias de promoção de Saúde Sexual e Reprodutiva. A pesquisa adoptou uma abordagem etnográfica e qualitativa centrada na abordagem sociocultural. A recolha de dados foi feita através da realização de entrevistas individuais, grupos de discussão focal e observação directa estruturada, abarcando as províncias de Nampula, Sofala e Inhambane.

  6. Delaying sexual debut amongst out-of-school youth in rural southwest Uganda

    This paper focuses on sexual debut among out-of-school youth in Masaka District, Uganda; factors influencing its timing; and assistance young people feel they need to delay sexual initiation. Data were drawn from a needs assessment using applied anthropological techniques with young people ages 13-19 years. Parents, guardians, and community leaders were also consulted. All participants felt that young people begin their sexual lives too early. Young men feel under pressure from friends and older men to prove their masculinity. …

  7. Going to scale: sustained risk reduction behavior for youth. Evaluation report for government of the Netherlands and UNICEF Malawi.

    This document is an evaluation of the UNICEF programme "Going to scale, sustained risk reduction behaviour for youth" sponsored by the Netherlands Government and realized in 2000. The programme commenced in January 1997 and extended to December 2000. This project aims at providing in and out of school youth with the necessary tools and skills to avoid risk sexual behaviour in order to reduce the HIV transmission rate. …

  8. Protecting the next generation in Uganda. New evidence on adolescent sexual and reproductive health needs

    This report discusses in detail the sexual and reproductive lives of Uganda's youth, focusing on 15-19-year-olds. Chapter 2 provides an overview of the patterns of sexual behavior among adolescents. Chapter 3 explores adolescents' contraceptive use for protection from unwanted pregnancy and STIs, including HIV. Adolescents' knowledge of sexual and reproductive health - including reproduction, contraception and STIs, particularly HIV/AIDS - is examined in Chapter 4. …

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