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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Condoms in sub-Saharan Africa

    Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is the region with the world’s highest rates of HIV and other sexually transmissible infections (STIs), yet numerous studies show that condom use is generally rare. This suggests a need for a better understanding of how condoms fit within sexual practices and relationships in SSA. This paper seeks to address this need by reviewing research published between the late 1980s and 2011 on use and factors influencing use of male condoms in SSA. …

  2. Turning a crisis into an opportunity: Strategies for scaling up the national response to the HIV/AIDS pandemic in Lesotho

    The way we interpret and understand HIV/AIDS influences our choice for programmatic interventions. Therefore, this report begins by providing conceptual starting points for a comprehensive understanding of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Chapter 1 sets the national historic context, which serves as a backdrop to the heritage which we seek to preserve, and the will of the people to win. …

  3. Maisha Newsletter December 2011

    Maisha+ focuses on sharing experiences and lessons in reaching out to the hard-to-reach community populations in Sub Saharan African with HIV and AIDS interventions. In this issue: -Towards zero HIV infections, discrimination and AIDS deaths for hard to reach communities -Violence against women contributing to spread of HIV -Supporting Associations of people living with HIV in Uganda -Challenges in addressing traditional beliefs and practices in HIV and AIDS among the Maasai -Working with sexual minorities in Rwanda -Stop the discrimination! -testimony from a victim of assault

  4. You still need to give her a token of appreciation: the meaning of the exchange of money in the sexual relationships of out-of-school adolescents in rural southwest Uganda

    This article challenges the pervasive assumption that exchanging gifts and money in adolescent sexual relationships is transactional. Data were derived from a multi-method, qualitative sexual health needs assessment of 31 out-of-school adolescents in rural southwest Uganda. Grounded theory analysis allows contextual meanings of exchange to emerge. Adolescents have developed gendered courting and exchange models that parallel marital relationships in this cultural context. …

  5. Fight against HIV/AIDS

    This socio-cultural study is based on testimonials and interviews of Liberian people. With 42% of the population within the age group of 15-49 years, the country exhibits features of an in-built population momentum. These variables provide a grounds for an inevitable exponential rise in the prevalence of HIV infection in the country. The overall objective of this study is to generate socio-cultural information concerning key problems in HIV/AIDS prevention initiatives. …

  6. Joint HIV Mainstreaming in German Development Cooperation in Tanzania

    Under the umbrella of Joint HIV Mainstreaming in German Development Cooperation the implementing agencies GTZ, ded, InWent, KfW and the German Embassy in Tanzania held their First joint HIV Mainstreaming Day for national Personnel on 7th August 2009 in Dar es Salaam. The main focus of the meeting was on learning more about the implementation of HIV Workplace Programmes (WPP) and discussing different aspects of HIV Policies, such as the importance of equal rights and employment opportunities. The document is a folder which was distributed to the participants of the meeting. …

  7. Young people we care! Making a difference in our community

    This book is designed by the NGO "Young people we care" to encourage and help groups of young people to support younger children, their peers and adults who are living in communities and households affected by AIDS. It was published in 2005 in Zimbabwe. It can also be used by organisations that want to encourage young people to support their home-based care activities or organisations assisting children affected by AIDS. Young people we care is for use by any group of young people aged 15-24 years. …

  8. Swaziland Human Development Report 2007. HIV and AIDS and culture

    The 2007 National Human Development Report seeks to provide insights on the interface between culture and contemporary society with the goal of identifying interventions that assist national stakeholders at all levels to effectively address the HIV/AIDS pandemic. It must be noted that behavior change is at the core of preventive approaches to combating the pandemic. Behaviour is to a great extent influenced by culture. …

  9. Youth and HIV/AIDS: choices, leadership, and survival

    The document contains quotes from youth, facts and statistics, information linking AIDS to the issues under discussion at the World Youth Forum, and the Youth Position Paper from the UN Special Session on AIDS.

  10. HIV/AIDS and Communication for Behaviour and Social Change : Programme Experiences, Examples, and the Way Forward

    The report synthesizes the deliberations of a workshop on "Communication for Behaviour and Social Change: Programme Experiences, Examples, and the Way Forward", organized by UNAIDS' Department of Policy, Strategy and Research (PSR) and the Secretariat of the International Partnership Against AIDS in Africa (IPPA) in Geneva in July 2000. …

  11. Action for children affected by AIDS: programme profiles and lessons learned

    The publication documents lessons learned in responding to children affected by HIV/AIDS in Uganda, Zambia, Kenya, Rwanda, Thailand and the United Kingdom. It is meant for those who carry responsibility for responding to the challenges posed by HIV/AIDS, including policy-makers, programme planners and those working directly with affected individuals and families.

  12. The impact of HIV/AIDS on livelihoods, poverty and the economy of Malawi

    In a number of countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, widespread HIV infection has already translated into full-blown AIDS epidemics. The effects of this disaster on lives and livelihoods are dramatic, yet the economic consequences are difficult to measure using conventional approaches. …

  13. Ghana Human Development Report 2004. Breaking the HIV/AIDS chain: a human development challenge

    This report explores:the links between HIV/AIDS and efforts to promote social well-being; the social, cultural, religious and economic aspects of the prevention and management of the pandemic; the reorganisation of the health-care services to equip care-givers to deliver appropriate and adequate care to people living with HIV/AIDS and their families; public and private sector responses to the challenge of HIV/AIDS and human development, and collaboration with civil society and development partners.

  14. Focus Group Discussion on Social Cultural Factors Impacting on HIV/AIDS in Uganda

    The main objective of the study was to establish the social and cultural factors that have impacted on HIV/AIDS in Uganda and in particular their role in enhancing behaviour change. The Specific objectives were: To verify the relevance of the "Cautious Shift" Model to the HIV/AIDS context in Uganda. To describe and understand the social and cultural environment and strategies that contributed to behavioural change in Uganda. To document community based strategies that have been used to bring about behaviour change. …

  15. International symposium : social sciences and AIDS in Africa : review and prospects. Volume 1 Papers

    This document is a compilation of papers presented at a international seminar. The seminar examined issues of HIV/AIDS from a social sciences perspective. The themes discussed are organized into two volumes. The first volume covers: 1) the epidemic and its social, cultural and political implications; 2) models and projections with regard to HIV/AIDS and ideological methods and challenges; and 3) social practices, living conditions, and vulnerability. The second volume deals with issues of responsibility for AIDS --- actors, institutions, etc. and scientific and ethnical concerns. Papers presented at roundtables organized during the seminar are also contained in this volume. These cover such topics as: AIDS in extreme situations; assuming responsibility for, and associating with persons living with HIV/AIDS, institutional and non-institutional actors in the control of AIDS.

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