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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Young people's understanding of HIV: a qualitative study among school students in Mankweng, South Africa

    This article describes young people's interpretation of HIV, AIDS and sexually transmitted illness in a rural South African community in Mankweng, Limpopo Province. Method: The study was based on 19 focus group discussions with adolescents aged 12-14 years. Results: Our participants had limited knowledge about HIV from a biomedical perspective. Their understanding and interpretations of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases were largely informed by traditional and religious belief systems that explain how and why people contract an illness via sexual intercourse. …

  2. HIV education in South African schools: the dilemma and conflicts of educators

    Educators within the school system are well placed to facilitate the dissemination of knowledge and skills in order for adolescents to be equipped for appropriate sexual decision-making. The aim of this research was to provide an understanding of educators' beliefs, attitudes and behaviours with regard to sexual and reproductive health promotion. Methods: Individual interviews were conducted with 15 educators from demographically diverse high schools in the Western Cape. One-off interviews were conducted with Grade 8 Life Orientation educators and principals. …

  3. A discussion of perceptions of community facilitators from Swaziland, Kenya, Mozambique and Ghana: cultural practices and child protection

    This study is based on data collected from community development facilitators using open-ended questionnaires and group discussions. Four general types of cultural practices were identified by interviewees as posing risks to children and challenges to child protection work: marriage practices, rites of passage or rituals, family secrets and religious or spiritual practices. …

  4. I am not "umqwayito'': a qualitative study of peer pressure and sexual risk behaviour among young adolescents in Cape Town, South Africa

    Young people in South Africa are susceptible to HIV infection. They are vulnerable to peer pressure to have sex, but little is known about how peer pressure operates. The aim of the study was to understand how negative peer pressure increases high risk sexual behaviour among young adolescents in Cape Town, South Africa. Qualitative research methods were used. Eight focus groups were conducted with young people between the ages of 13 and 14 years. …

  5. Conversations in equity and social justice: constructing safe schools for queer youth

    The paper is a critique of discourse focused on at-risk behaviour and homophobic bullying. The paper argues that conversations around homophobic bullying must include discussions of doing equity and achieving social justice, in which the ultimate goal of constructing safe schools is achieved through the utter transformation of school culture. Failure to do anything less continues to license homophobia and makes predictable and inevitable violence against queer youth. …

  6. Stirring it up or stirring it in? Perspectives on the development of sexualities equality in a faith based primary school

    This article examines what happened within one Church of England primary school during an action research project concerning sexualities. No Outsiders aimed at exploring how teachers developed classroom practices that promoted greater inclusion of sexual minorities, at the same time as working to eradicate homophobic bullying and heterosexism. This examination engages current research methodologies, including post-structural analytics and narrative ethnography, to consider the viewpoints of headteacher and researcher, with a particular reference to faith issues. …

  7. The KNUT EFAIDS training manual

    The Kenya National Union of Teachers (KNUT) has been implementing a successful programme - the EFAIDS, as a contribution to the achievement of the Education For All (EFA) in the era of HIV and AIDS pandemic. The programme is co-sponsored by Education International (EI). The manual is intended to equip the trainers with skills and knowledge to facilitate their ability to train their colleague teachers at the school level who will in turn reach out to the learners and the surrounding communities. Specifically the trainers will: 1. Acquire information about KNUT EI/EFAIDS; 2. …

  8. Overlooked! Let's Know Thyself! A qualitative study on cultural factors in transmission, prevention, care and treatment of HIV and AIDS in Bangladesh

    This study report is an attempt to identify the fact and factors behind our cultural and social dispositions that influence HIV infections with an objective to think out of the box and dig into issues which contribute to the epidemic in our daily urban and rural lifestyles. The study revealed with strong evidence that the people of Bangladesh value their traditional practices but increasingly yield to significant pressure of mixed western culture and many of these traditions and practices have a bearing on sexual relations, and therefore HIV transmission.

  9. Report of the expert group consultation on the cultural relevance of adolescence education

    The Adolescence Education Programme (AEP) was launched in 2005 as a response to the needs of adolescents by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), in collaboration with the National AIDS Control Organization, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, to be implemented in all the state government schools in the country. Concurrently, a separate programme supported by MHRD and UNFPA is also being implemented by key national agencies of school education. …

  10. The sexual and reproductive health of younger adolescents. Research issues in developing countries

    This paper reviews quantitative and qualitative evidence on adolescents' sexual and reproductive health from a number of developing countries and, where possible, highlights findings for boys and girls aged under 15 years in those studies where findings are disaggregated by age and sex (which is not always the case). The evidence is sporadic, however, and is by no means representative of all developing countries. …

  11. HIV/AIDS and institutions of higher learning in SADC countries: theological, ethical, indigenous and socio-economic perspectives. Keynote address to Conference on Commitment to Combat HIV/AIDS

    HIV/AIDS and institutions of higher learning in SADC countries: theological, ethical, indigenous and socio-economic perspectives. Keynote address to Conference on Commitment to Combat HIV/AIDS

  12. Responding to HIV and AIDS. A practitioner's guide to mainstreaming in development projects

    This guide is intended for managers and field staff of development projects supported by Misereor. It also addresses other development agencies and a wider public interested in HIV/AIDS mainstreaming. The guide provides comprehensive information on HIV/AIDS mainstreaming and shows how to translate the mainstreaming approach into practice. Many of the examples and explanations refer to Africa; nevertheless the guide is designed to be used also in Asian and Latin American countries. The guide is structured as follows: Chapter 1: Responding to HIV and AIDS. …

  13. Making sense of capacity development: experiences with technical assistance and capacity development in the HIV response

    The objectives of this book are: 1. To share case studies of technical capacity development for use by countries, individuals and organizations working in the field of HIV. 2. To highlight innovations and approaches which can be adapted or adopted when planning and implementing capacity development and technical support in HIV for strengthening national capacity. The book includes a case study from Brazil: "Harmonization of Public Policies around HIV Prevention in Schools" which shares experiences from the International Centre for Technical Cooperation (ICTC). …

  14. Sexual and reproductive health rights advocacy workshop report

    In 2008, sexual and reproductive health (SRH) rights as well as related issues in the context of HIV and human rights were identified as key advocacy issues for the AIDS and Rights Alliance for Southern Africa (ARASA). From 21 to 22 October 2008, ARASA convened more than 35 partners from 15 countries in the southern Africa/SADC region at the Kopanong Conference Centre in Johannesburg, South Africa to explore levels of access to SRH and HIV prevention services as well as key barriers to increased access to services for women in the region. …

  15. Health and family life education teacher training manual

    The main goal of the manual is to provide teachers with the knowledge and competences to conduct HIV education lesson in the classroom at the primary and secondary level and to make available important resources for the lesson delivery. The document represents a three-day module with a focus on the themes of Interpersonal Relationships and Sexuality and Sexual Health. HIV and AIDS are introduced within Sexuality theme.

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