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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Directory of young Brazilian media producers for STD/AIDS prevention

    This multilingual directory contains information about 21 young media producers (17-25 years-old), who answered the project Launching the basis of a Network of Young Brazilian Media Producers for HIV/AIDS Prevention. UNESCO's initiatives on prevention of HIV/AIDS are mainly addressed to young people, considered as "the key agents of the fight against AIDS" by the United Nations. UNESCO attaches great importance to the use of the new Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in the dissemination of preventive information on STDs/HIV/AIDS among young people.

  2. Cross-cultural learners share experiences

    This letter focuses on cross-cultural learners and on experiences shares. It presents conclusions of the Cross-cultural Learning Conference in Johannesburg, South Africa, which drew participants from Africa, Asia, Europe, the Middle East and Latin America. The organisers' selection of the conference theme was informed by the fact that culture has an influence on any intervention and that interventions are undertaken within cultural settings. So culture needs to be interrogating in addressing HIV, gender and sexuality. …

  3. Gender relations and sexual communication among female students in the Mekong River Delta of Vietnam

    Young women's ability to pursue a safer-sex life in line with their wishes is crucial to their sexual health. Although some previous observations have suggested that young women's lack of ability to negotiate safer sex is due to gender power imbalances in the culture of Vietnam, studies that have tested this hypothesis explicitly and quantitatively are few and far between. The present study aimed to test the association between perceived gender relations and perceived self-efficacy in communicating sexual matters among undergraduate female students in the Mekong River Delta of Vietnam. …

  4. These days virginity is just a feeling: heterosexuality and change in young urban Vietnamese men

    This paper argues that young Vietnamese men's beliefs around women's changing sexual identities and habits generate some anxiety around their own heterosexual abilities, while contributing to growing doubts around 'traditional' masculine advantage within sexual relations. It explores this notion in regard to eight Vietnamese men aged 18-30 years, interviewed over 13 months of fieldwork in Hanoi, Vietnam. …

  5. Delaying sexual debut amongst out-of-school youth in rural southwest Uganda

    This paper focuses on sexual debut among out-of-school youth in Masaka District, Uganda; factors influencing its timing; and assistance young people feel they need to delay sexual initiation. Data were drawn from a needs assessment using applied anthropological techniques with young people ages 13-19 years. Parents, guardians, and community leaders were also consulted. All participants felt that young people begin their sexual lives too early. Young men feel under pressure from friends and older men to prove their masculinity. …

  6. Diamonds: Stories of Women from the Asia Pacific Network of People Living with HIV

    This is a compilation of stories about the lives of women living with HIV in the Asia-Pacific region (Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Cambodia, India, THaïland, China, India, Malaysia, Viet Nam). Each woman has overcome incredible challenges to become a strong leader, advocate and role model for other HIV-positive women. These women are like diamonds, formed under immense pressure, hewn from the darkness to shine, strongest and most brilliant of all gems.

  7. Fight against HIV/AIDS

    This socio-cultural study is based on testimonials and interviews of Liberian people. With 42% of the population within the age group of 15-49 years, the country exhibits features of an in-built population momentum. These variables provide a grounds for an inevitable exponential rise in the prevalence of HIV infection in the country. The overall objective of this study is to generate socio-cultural information concerning key problems in HIV/AIDS prevention initiatives. …

  8. Expanding the Use of Innovative HIV Prevention Approaches Using Traditional Forms of Performing Arts in Asia: Project Report

    UNESCO is collaborating with script writers and traditional performance artists from Cambodia, Indonesia, P.R. China, and Viet Nam to expand the use of innovative HIV prevention approaches using traditional forms of performing arts in Asia.

  9. UNESCO's short guide to the essential characteristics of effective HIV prevention

    This booklet aims to increase understanding of the characteristics of efficient and effective HIV and AIDS responses. It is designed to explain in a user-friendly and accessible format what these characteristics mean in practice, and how they can be applied, integrated and institutionalised into HIV and AIDS planning and programme processes. It targets programme implementers and project managers developing and implementing activities (largely in the area of HIV prevention) within UNESCO. …

  10. Culturally appropriate HIV behaviour change communication in the Republic of Armenia: a guide on HIV behaviour change communication (BCC) programming

    The primary purpose of the Guide is to facilitate the design of more efficient behaviour change communication. This document provides information on culturally appropriate communication for behaviour change and its role in the response to HIV. The Guide also presents activities on BCC implementation in Armenia, as well as recommendations, which can be used at national and local levels. …

  11. Reproductive Health of Arab Young People

    Reproductive Health of Arab Young People is a short article written by J. DeJong of the Faculty of Health Sciences, American University of Beirut, and G- El-Khoury of Unicef Middle East and North Africa Region from Amman, Jordan, in 2006. It presents the current situation in the Arab region regarding sexual and reproductive services and information. It shows that cultural taboos are still limiting young people's access, especially for those unmarried, to integrated health services including contraception for sexually active adolescents and health education. …

  12. HIV in the Middle East

    HIV in the Middle East is a short article written by C. Makhlouf Obermeyer from the Department of HIV/AIDS of the WHO in Geneva, Switzerland, in 2006. It summarizes what is known about the HIV epidemic in the Middle East and north Africa region and examines the extent to which lower prevalence can be attributed to cultural factors, particularly those related to the practice of Islam and gender. …

  13. Adolescent and Youth Reproductive Health in Morocco. Status, Issues, Policies, and Programs

    Adolescent and Youth Reproductive Health in Morocco. Status, Issues, Policies, and Programs is a report written by J. Beamish and L.T. Abderrazik for the POLICY Project, on behalf of the Asia/Near East Bureau of USAID. It aims to highlight the reproductive health status of adolescents in Morocco, within the context of the adolescent boys and girls. …

  14. Joint HIV Mainstreaming in German Development Cooperation in Tanzania

    Under the umbrella of Joint HIV Mainstreaming in German Development Cooperation the implementing agencies GTZ, ded, InWent, KfW and the German Embassy in Tanzania held their First joint HIV Mainstreaming Day for national Personnel on 7th August 2009 in Dar es Salaam. The main focus of the meeting was on learning more about the implementation of HIV Workplace Programmes (WPP) and discussing different aspects of HIV Policies, such as the importance of equal rights and employment opportunities. The document is a folder which was distributed to the participants of the meeting. …

  15. Passion for Rights. Ten years of fighting for sexual and reproductive health

    Passion for Rights. Ten years of fighting for sexual and reproductive health is the second in a series of publications presented by the Swedish Association for Sexuality Education (RFSU) in 2004, in conjunction with the 10th anniversary of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), held in Cairo in 1994. This book consists of a collection of articles about the ICPD and sexual and reproductive health and rights. It mixes reflections and accounts of personal experiences with political analyses of the debate surrounding sexual and reproductive health and rights. …

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