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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Aborting and suspending pregnancy in rural Tanzania: an ethnography of young people's beliefs and pratices

    This study is an article extracted from "Studies in family Planning" published in December 2008. The objective of this study is to analyse abortion practices and beliefs among adolescents and young adults in Tanzania, where abortion is illegal. From 1999 to 2002, six researchers carried out participant observation in nine villages and conducted group discussions and interviews in three others. Most informants opposed abortion as illegal, immoral, dangerous, or unacceptable without without the man's consent, and many reported that ancestral spirits killed women who aborted clan descendants. …

  2. Culture Matters: Lessons from a Legacy of Engaging Faith-based Organizations

    This publication documents the results of partnerships between UNFPA and faith-based organizations in the areas of population and development, including human rights, reproductive health, women's empowerment, adolescents and youth, humanitarian assistance, and HIV and AIDS. It provides an analysis of best practices and lessons learned in faith-based partnerships around the world. Key resources on faith-based engagement and organizations are also suggested.

  3. Swaziland Human Development Report 2007. HIV and AIDS and culture

    The 2007 National Human Development Report seeks to provide insights on the interface between culture and contemporary society with the goal of identifying interventions that assist national stakeholders at all levels to effectively address the HIV/AIDS pandemic. It must be noted that behavior change is at the core of preventive approaches to combating the pandemic. Behaviour is to a great extent influenced by culture. …

  4. Protecting the next generation in Uganda. New evidence on adolescent sexual and reproductive health needs

    This report discusses in detail the sexual and reproductive lives of Uganda's youth, focusing on 15-19-year-olds. Chapter 2 provides an overview of the patterns of sexual behavior among adolescents. Chapter 3 explores adolescents' contraceptive use for protection from unwanted pregnancy and STIs, including HIV. Adolescents' knowledge of sexual and reproductive health - including reproduction, contraception and STIs, particularly HIV/AIDS - is examined in Chapter 4. …

  5. Jamaica HIV/AIDS/STI national strategic plan 2002-2006

    The 2002-2006 National HIV/AIDS Strategic Plan is a follow-up to the previous 1997-2001 Medium Term Plan, and takes into account the expanded response to HIV/AIDS in the region as well as the worsening epidemic in Jamaica. It has also recognized that HIV/AIDS is not only a health issue, but also a major developmental problem. The plan is based on the analysis of the national HIV/AIDS situation, risk behaviour and factors contributing to vulnerability to the infection. …

  6. Working with Masai youth to stop the spread of AIDS in Kenya

    This article tells about the experience of the financial administrator of an international organization (Engender Health) that carry out a workshop on HIV/AIDS with the Masai population.

  7. Cultural programming: reproductive health challenges and strategies in East and South-East Asia

    This report is focused on illustrating the interface between culture, gender and reproductive health issues addressed by UNFPA. It draws attention to challenges and opportunities in terms of both issues and strategies that have implications for programming interventions.

  8. Culture matters: working with communities and faith-based organizations: case studies from country programmes

    This review is part of a UNFPA effort to strengthen its capacity to explore windows of opportunities for the implementation of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in 1994 and to address resistance that is rooted in traditions, customs and social practices in country where UNFPA supports programmes. It attempts to explore the contribution of culturally sensitive approaches and partnerships with local power structures and institutions to the effective implementation of rights-based population and development programmes.

  9. A participatory handbook for youth drug abuse prevention programmes: a guide for development and improvement

    This drug abuse prevention handbook is designed to help youth groups around the world identify the real issues that concern them and develop programmes to reach their peers. The philosophy behind this document is that, if substance abuse is to be tackled, young people should lead this effort since they know their own needs better than anyone else.

  10. ICRW policy advisory on child marriage

    The paper discusses a widespread problem of child marriage - a marriage that occurs before the age of 18: child marriage is a human rights violation; causes and health consequences of child marriage; and actions to end child marriage.

  11. Adolescent and youth reproductive health in Philippines: status, issues, policies, and programs

    This assessment of adolescent reproductive health in the Philippines is part of a series of assessments in 13 countries in Asia and the Near East. The purpose of the assessments is to highlight the reproductive health status of adolescents in each country, within the context of the lives of adolescent boys and girls. The report begins with the social context and gender socialization that set girls and boys on separate lifetime paths in terms of life expectations, educational attainment, job prospects, labour force participation, reproduction, and duties in the household. …

  12. Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore Cluster Country Consultation on Migrant Workers' HIV Vulnerability Reduction: Pre-departure, Post-arrival and Returnee Reintegration, 15-17 April 2002, Makati City, Philippines

    HIV/AIDS touches all sectors of society. It is an issue that requires appropriate responses at national, regional and global levels. Migrant workers are valuable resources that stimulate economic prosperity and contribute to the socio-economic development of Asia. …

  13. Workshop report [of the] Integrating Socio-cultural Research into Population and Reproductive Health Programmes, Kathmandu, Nepal, 26 November - 1 December 2001

    The report provides understanding of socio-cultural research (SRC) for programming purposes in the area of population and reproductive health. The first part of the report introduces the concept of SCR and the rationale for its use in population and RH programmes. It identifies social and cultural factors affecting demographic and reproductive health behaviour. The second part of the report focuses on approaches, methods and tools for operationalizing SCR in programmes. …

  14. A cultural approach to HIV/AIDS prevention and care: towards a handbook for India. Overall assessment, case studies, strategies/conclusions/recommendations

    The document, devoted to the cultural approach to HIV/AIDS prevention and care in India, provides critical summary of the results of research already carried out in all related fields and proposes a series of methodological and pedagogical proposals on the topic. Detailed descriptions of case studies carried out among vulnerable and risk population groups are also provided.

  15. Youth and HIV/AIDS: choices, leadership, and survival

    The document contains quotes from youth, facts and statistics, information linking AIDS to the issues under discussion at the World Youth Forum, and the Youth Position Paper from the UN Special Session on AIDS.

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