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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Coming of age in the classroom: religious and cultural barriers to comprehensive sexuality education

    This paper elucidates evidence which underscores anxieties and panic about sexuality and sexual behaviour of young people influenced by movements advancing a distinct religious identity, and the implications for advocacy on advancing Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR). Synthesised in this document is evidence from two countries - Bangladesh and India - on Comprehensive Sexuality Education (CSE), an area of controversy (to varying degree) in both countries. Evidence from each country stem from national studies on the influence of religion on CSE, and are qualitative in nature. …

  2. Women living with HIV speak out against violence: A collection of essays and reflections of women living with and affected by HIV

    Violence against women and girls is an unacceptable violation of basic human rights. It also is so widespread that ending it must be a global public health priority. An estimated one in three women is beaten, coerced into sex or otherwise abused by an intimate partner during her lifetime. Intimate partner violence has been shown to increase the risk of HIV infection by around 50%, and violence (and the fear of violence) deters women and girls from seeking services for HIV prevention, treatment, care and support.

  3. Overlooked! Let's Know Thyself! A qualitative study on cultural factors in transmission, prevention, care and treatment of HIV and AIDS in Bangladesh

    This study report is an attempt to identify the fact and factors behind our cultural and social dispositions that influence HIV infections with an objective to think out of the box and dig into issues which contribute to the epidemic in our daily urban and rural lifestyles. The study revealed with strong evidence that the people of Bangladesh value their traditional practices but increasingly yield to significant pressure of mixed western culture and many of these traditions and practices have a bearing on sexual relations, and therefore HIV transmission.

  4. Left without a choice. Barriers to reproductive health in Indonesia

    This report reflects Amnesty International's recent analysis on the extent to which certain Indonesian laws have incorporated international human rights law and standards, including provisions contained in CEDAW, to which Indonesia is a state party. In particular, it builds on a series of open letters addressed to Indonesian authorities in late 2009 and early 2010, which highlighted some of the shortcomings of certain laws in guaranteeing non-discrimination and sexual and reproductive rights. …

  5. These days virginity is just a feeling: heterosexuality and change in young urban Vietnamese men

    This paper argues that young Vietnamese men's beliefs around women's changing sexual identities and habits generate some anxiety around their own heterosexual abilities, while contributing to growing doubts around 'traditional' masculine advantage within sexual relations. It explores this notion in regard to eight Vietnamese men aged 18-30 years, interviewed over 13 months of fieldwork in Hanoi, Vietnam. …

  6. Diamonds: Stories of Women from the Asia Pacific Network of People Living with HIV

    This is a compilation of stories about the lives of women living with HIV in the Asia-Pacific region (Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Cambodia, India, THaïland, China, India, Malaysia, Viet Nam). Each woman has overcome incredible challenges to become a strong leader, advocate and role model for other HIV-positive women. These women are like diamonds, formed under immense pressure, hewn from the darkness to shine, strongest and most brilliant of all gems.

  7. Cultural programming: reproductive health challenges and strategies in East and South-East Asia

    This report is focused on illustrating the interface between culture, gender and reproductive health issues addressed by UNFPA. It draws attention to challenges and opportunities in terms of both issues and strategies that have implications for programming interventions.

  8. Adolescent and youth reproductive health in Philippines: status, issues, policies, and programs

    This assessment of adolescent reproductive health in the Philippines is part of a series of assessments in 13 countries in Asia and the Near East. The purpose of the assessments is to highlight the reproductive health status of adolescents in each country, within the context of the lives of adolescent boys and girls. The report begins with the social context and gender socialization that set girls and boys on separate lifetime paths in terms of life expectations, educational attainment, job prospects, labour force participation, reproduction, and duties in the household. …

  9. A cultural approach to HIV/AIDS prevention and care: towards a handbook for India. Overall assessment, case studies, strategies/conclusions/recommendations

    The document, devoted to the cultural approach to HIV/AIDS prevention and care in India, provides critical summary of the results of research already carried out in all related fields and proposes a series of methodological and pedagogical proposals on the topic. Detailed descriptions of case studies carried out among vulnerable and risk population groups are also provided.

  10. InfoDev : facilitating communications in response to HIV/AIDS in South-East Asia : UNAIDS case study

    Over the last decade developed countries have experienced a transformation in the scope and reach of information technologies and infrastructures. However, this digital revolution has been slow to materialize in developing countries, further marginalizing them and creating a digital divide. Innovative ways must be explored to leverage these new technologies for a range of development opportunities in the HIV/AIDS field from distance learning to bringing basic HIV/AIDS prevention information to patients and practitioners. …

  11. Socio-cultural aspects of menstruation in an urban slum in Delhi, India

    The paper attempts to understand the experience of menstruation in the socio-cultural context of an urban Indian slum. Observations were gathered as part of a larger study of reproductive tract infections in women in Delhi, using both qualitative and quantitative methods.

  12. Ensnared by AIDS: cultural contexts of HIV/AIDS in Nepal

    This book examines the meaning and cultural contexts of HIV/AIDS in Nepal. It explores the relationship between cognitive schemata and the creation of cultural models of meaning and provides a better understanding of how people incorporate new ideas into established cognitive systems. It is the first long-term field study of the cultural dimensions of HIV/AIDS in South Asia. It is also one of the few ethnographies of HIV/AIDS to emphasize the depth and diversity of the people's view and construction of the emerging illness.

  13. A cultural approach to HIV/AIDS prevention and care: summary of country assessments, project design handbook

    This document presents the two major achievements of Year I of the UNESCO/UNAIDS joint project "A Cultural Approach to HIV/AIDS Prevention and Care". This phase of the project was meant to identify the interactions between cultures and the HIV/AIDS issue and to adjust prevention and care accordingly. The first part is devoted to the Summary Report of 16 country assessments and shorter country papers carried out in Southern Africa, the Caribbean and South-east Asia. In its second part, the present document describes a set of methodological and pedagogical proposals, based on previous research carried out within UNESCO's Culture Sector (Cultural Research and Management Section)

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