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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Condoms in sub-Saharan Africa

    Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is the region with the world’s highest rates of HIV and other sexually transmissible infections (STIs), yet numerous studies show that condom use is generally rare. This suggests a need for a better understanding of how condoms fit within sexual practices and relationships in SSA. This paper seeks to address this need by reviewing research published between the late 1980s and 2011 on use and factors influencing use of male condoms in SSA. …

  2. Turning a crisis into an opportunity: Strategies for scaling up the national response to the HIV/AIDS pandemic in Lesotho

    The way we interpret and understand HIV/AIDS influences our choice for programmatic interventions. Therefore, this report begins by providing conceptual starting points for a comprehensive understanding of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Chapter 1 sets the national historic context, which serves as a backdrop to the heritage which we seek to preserve, and the will of the people to win. …

  3. Maisha Newsletter December 2011

    Maisha+ focuses on sharing experiences and lessons in reaching out to the hard-to-reach community populations in Sub Saharan African with HIV and AIDS interventions. In this issue: -Towards zero HIV infections, discrimination and AIDS deaths for hard to reach communities -Violence against women contributing to spread of HIV -Supporting Associations of people living with HIV in Uganda -Challenges in addressing traditional beliefs and practices in HIV and AIDS among the Maasai -Working with sexual minorities in Rwanda -Stop the discrimination! -testimony from a victim of assault

  4. Responding to HIV and AIDS. A practitioner's guide to mainstreaming in development projects

    This guide is intended for managers and field staff of development projects supported by Misereor. It also addresses other development agencies and a wider public interested in HIV/AIDS mainstreaming. The guide provides comprehensive information on HIV/AIDS mainstreaming and shows how to translate the mainstreaming approach into practice. Many of the examples and explanations refer to Africa; nevertheless the guide is designed to be used also in Asian and Latin American countries. The guide is structured as follows: Chapter 1: Responding to HIV and AIDS. …

  5. Making sense of capacity development: experiences with technical assistance and capacity development in the HIV response

    The objectives of this book are: 1. To share case studies of technical capacity development for use by countries, individuals and organizations working in the field of HIV. 2. To highlight innovations and approaches which can be adapted or adopted when planning and implementing capacity development and technical support in HIV for strengthening national capacity. The book includes a case study from Brazil: "Harmonization of Public Policies around HIV Prevention in Schools" which shares experiences from the International Centre for Technical Cooperation (ICTC). …

  6. HIV and AIDS in the Caucasus Region: A Socio-Cultural Approach

    This work is the outcome of a year-long project directed by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), funded by the Flemish government, and assisted by the National HIV/AIDS Centers in Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia. …

  7. Knowledge, attitudes and practices concerning HIV/AIDS among Iranian at-risk sub-populations

    This study in 2003 looked at knowledge, attitudes and behaviours concerning HIV among 3 high-risk groups (201 cross-border truck drivers, 50 female sex workers and 754 youths) in 4 cities in the Islamic Republic of Iran. The level of knowledge about HIV was low on average, especially among individuals with high-risk behaviours. Truck drivers and female sex workers had higher knowledge about sexually transmitted infections than youths but their knowledge came primarily from personal experience rather than public awareness programmes. …

  8. You still need to give her a token of appreciation: the meaning of the exchange of money in the sexual relationships of out-of-school adolescents in rural southwest Uganda

    This article challenges the pervasive assumption that exchanging gifts and money in adolescent sexual relationships is transactional. Data were derived from a multi-method, qualitative sexual health needs assessment of 31 out-of-school adolescents in rural southwest Uganda. Grounded theory analysis allows contextual meanings of exchange to emerge. Adolescents have developed gendered courting and exchange models that parallel marital relationships in this cultural context. …

  9. Direitos Humanos e HIV/AIDS: Avanços e perspectivas para o enfrentamento da epidemia no Brasil

    Não é possível dissociar direitos humanos do enfrentamento das DST/HIV/aids. O processo de reconhecimento do direito ao acesso universal a prevenção, diagnóstico e tratamento constitui importante bandeira de direitos humanos desde o inicio da epidemia. Afirmar a dignidade do ser humano é o que traz sentido para, por exemplo, a discussão sobre a função social da propriedade intelectual frente o direito à saúde. Além da disponibilização de preservativos e medicamentos anti-retrovirais, trata-se de uma luta constante contra as desigualdades sociais. …

  10. A systematic literature review of HIV and AIDS research in Papua New Guinea 2007-2008

    The primary objectives of the review were to systematically collect and review studies on HIV, AIDS, STIs and STDs conducted in PNG between 2007 and 2008; to assess the quality and reliability of these studies; and to synthesize the research findings under common thematic areas. The secondary objective of the review was to identify relevant recommendations for researchers, policy makers, practitioners, and stakeholders. …

  11. Directory of young Brazilian media producers for STD/AIDS prevention

    This multilingual directory contains information about 21 young media producers (17-25 years-old), who answered the project Launching the basis of a Network of Young Brazilian Media Producers for HIV/AIDS Prevention. UNESCO's initiatives on prevention of HIV/AIDS are mainly addressed to young people, considered as "the key agents of the fight against AIDS" by the United Nations. UNESCO attaches great importance to the use of the new Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in the dissemination of preventive information on STDs/HIV/AIDS among young people.

  12. Fight against HIV/AIDS

    This socio-cultural study is based on testimonials and interviews of Liberian people. With 42% of the population within the age group of 15-49 years, the country exhibits features of an in-built population momentum. These variables provide a grounds for an inevitable exponential rise in the prevalence of HIV infection in the country. The overall objective of this study is to generate socio-cultural information concerning key problems in HIV/AIDS prevention initiatives. …

  13. Culturally appropriate HIV behaviour change communication in the Republic of Armenia: a guide on HIV behaviour change communication (BCC) programming

    The primary purpose of the Guide is to facilitate the design of more efficient behaviour change communication. This document provides information on culturally appropriate communication for behaviour change and its role in the response to HIV. The Guide also presents activities on BCC implementation in Armenia, as well as recommendations, which can be used at national and local levels. …

  14. HIV in the Middle East

    HIV in the Middle East is a short article written by C. Makhlouf Obermeyer from the Department of HIV/AIDS of the WHO in Geneva, Switzerland, in 2006. It summarizes what is known about the HIV epidemic in the Middle East and north Africa region and examines the extent to which lower prevalence can be attributed to cultural factors, particularly those related to the practice of Islam and gender. …

  15. Le VIH/sida en milieu migrant arabo-musulman en France

    Le VIH/sida en milieu migrant arabo-musulman en France est un rapport d'enquête mené par K. Cherabi et D. Fanget de l'association Arcat, en 1997. Il a pour but d'envisager comment le problème du VIH-sida se pose aux personnes du milieu arabo-musulman en France, tant au niveau de la prévention, de l'acceptation sociale du VIH, que du soutien ou de la prise en charge pour les personnes atteintes. Le document est composé de 2 parties principales : La première présente une analyse bibliographique de la littérature existante. …

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