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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Designing an effective sexuality education curriculum for schools: lessons gleaned from the South(ern) African literature

    Sexuality education forms part of the national school curricula of most sub-Saharan African countries, yet risk-related sexual behaviour among young people continues to fuel the HIV pandemic in this part of the world. One of the arguments put forward to explain why sexuality education seems to have had little impact on sexual risk-taking is that existing curricula have neglected to take into account the complexity of the social, cultural and gender norms that influence the behaviour of school-going young people in sub-Saharan Africa. …

  2. Responsible Design for Social Change: Designing HIV/AIDS Prevention Curriculum in Southern Africa

    This paper reports on a classroom-based mixed-methods research project for the design of an HIV/AIDS prevention curriculum for Swaziland. The aim was through education to transform Swazi worldviews and attitudes toward sexual practices. The curriculum, called iMatter, reaches elementary and middle school children while they are still forming their conceptual and cultural identity, and before they adopt sexual practices. …

  3. Integration of HIV/AIDS studies into the comprehensive university undergraduate curriculum: a strategy to eliminate infection among students

    In South Africa, first year university students are vulnerable and at a high risk, of HIV infection the other group need immediate intervention because they might be sexually active and have established patterns of risky sexually behaviour. The number of students infected with HIV/ AIDS-related illness is increasing and this affects institution negatively. The purpose of this phenomenological study was to examine whether the integration of HIV/AIDS into the curriculum can reduce or minimise the infection rate among students. …

  4. Case studies in mainstreaming: integrating HIV and AIDS realities into South African higher education curricula

    Curriculum development is one of the most noticeable areas requiring attention in higher education: a limited curriculum integration is cited as a general weakness of institutional responses to HIV and AIDS. In the immediate future, integration of HIV and AIDS into curriculum must be a priority for institutions and funders. This document can be used as a toolkit, a hand-book to successfully integrating HIV and AIDS into the curricula of higher education. It is based on case studies, offering a multidimensional benchmark of interventions that should serve as a model to other institutions.

  5. What they really want to know. Developing booklets for young people on growing up and sexuality

    A large proportion of young people worldwide are sexually active, and this exposes them to the risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV, and to the risk of unintended pregnancies. In 2008, 16 million girls aged 15 to 19 gave birth and approximately 40% of these pregnancies were unintended. Young people between the ages of 15 and 24 years account for more than one third of all new HIV infections, with some 3,000 young people becoming infected with HIV each day. …

  6. Social mobilization for prevention and control of HIV and AIDS: behavioral change communication material development guideline

    This behavioral change communication material development guideline has been developed by the Federal HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Office (FHAPCO) in collaboration with the Ethiopian health sector development partners working on communication in HIV. The document offers step-by-step guidelines for developing/producing accurate, useful, and action oriented behavioral change communication materials to meet the communication needs of HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment and care and support programs. The document is divided into three major sections. …

  7. School-based HIV/AIDS prevention in sub-Saharan Africa

    This supplement of the Scandinavian Journal of Public Health includes contains a series of freely accessible articles on school-based HIV/AIDS prevention in sub-Saharan Africa. …

  8. Gerindo a escola num contexto de HIV/SIDA. Dossier do Director da Escola. Uma escola livre de HIV/SIDA e sem qualquer forma de abuso

    Este documento foi redigido por um consultor da INDE (Instituto Nacional de Desenvolvimento da Educaçao) do Ministério da Educação de Moçambique. Nesse manual, o director de escola poderá encontrar informações e metodologias para introduzir na escola um ensino sobre o comportamento sexual responsável e os problemas relacionados com o HIV/SIDA. A primeira parte deste documento é constituída por uma série de perguntas com destino a ajudar o director a fazer um ponto de situação da escola sobre esses temas. …

  9. Good things for young people: reproductive health education for primary Schools. Teacher's resource book

    MEMA kwa Vijana is an adolescent sexual and reproductive health programme, working in schools, health facilities and communities in the Mwanza Region, Tanzania. Its goal is to improve the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents in this region and beyond. MEMA kwa Vijana has over 10 years of research and implementation experience. The documents have been developed for teachers' use after they have received training, without the need for additional teaching aids or books. …

  10. Good things for young people: reproductive health education for primary schools. Teacher's guide for standard 7

    MEMA kwa Vijana is an adolescent sexual and reproductive health programme, working in schools, health facilities and communities in the Mwanza Region, Tanzania. Its goal is to improve the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents in this region and beyond. MEMA kwa Vijana has over 10 years of research and implementation experience. The documents have been developed for teachers' use after they have received training, without the need for additional teaching aids or books. …

  11. Good things for young people: reproductive health education for primary schools. Teacher's guide for standard 6

    MEMA kwa Vijana is an adolescent sexual and reproductive health programme, working in schools, health facilities and communities in the Mwanza Region, Tanzania. Its goal is to improve the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents in this region and beyond. MEMA kwa Vijana has over 10 years of research and implementation experience. The documents have been developed for teachers' use after they have received training, without the need for additional teaching aids or books. …

  12. Good things for young people: reproductive health education for primary schools. Teacher's guide for standard 5

    MEMA kwa Vijana is an adolescent sexual and reproductive health programme, working in schools, health facilities and communities in the Mwanza Region, Tanzania. Its goal is to improve the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents in this region and beyond. MEMA kwa Vijana has over 10 years of research and implementation experience. The documents have been developed for teachers' use after they have received training, without the need for additional teaching aids or books. …

  13. A Guide for Talking with Young People about their Reproductive Health

    A Guide for Talking with Young People about their Reproductive Health, is a document elaborated by PATH (Program for Appropriate Technology in Health), USAID, and Population Council in 2005. It is part of the Kenya Adolescent Reproductive Health Project's (KARHP) Tuko Pamoja (We are Together) series. The document provides some key methods to introduce the important subject of reproductive health to adolescents. …

  14. What they don't know can hurt them : how school-based reproductive health programmes can help adolescents lead healthy reproductive lives

    This monograph is intended to help parents, educators and policy makers understand the relevance of reproductive health, why adolescents need information on reproductive health, the importance of reproductive health in schools and how schools can best implement reproductive health activities. The manual comprises 6 sections covering different areas. …

  15. Tips for developing life skills curricula for HIV prevention among African youth: a synthesis of emerging lessons

    Skills-based health education for HIV prevention provides learners with the knowledge and skills they need to avoid HIV infection and maintain reproductive health. This document offers practical guidance for those involved in planning, implementing, or strengthening life skills curricula for young people in sub-Saharan Africa. Section I provides background on the issues of adolescent sexuality and vulnerability and implementation of HIV prevention with young people. …

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