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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Risk information, risk salience, and adolescent sexual behavior: experimental evidence from Cameroon

    Results from a randomized experiment conducted with teenage schoolgirls in Cameroon suggest that HIV prevention interventions can be effective at reducing the incidence of teen pregnancy in the following 9-12 months by over 25 percent.

  2. Pedagogic discourse: A review of the HIV and AIDS secondary schools curriculum in Kenya

    HIV and AIDS is an epidemic that has remained a serious health concern across the globe for more than a quarter of a century since it was first diagnosed in 1981. This is in spite of a myriad of health education and prevention programs that have been developed and are in use. Current studies in Kenya concur that information on HIV and AIDS prevention is readily available. Focus is now on quality and policies that guide implementation of prevention education programs. …

  3. Assessment of Learning Needs of Youth in Pakistan about HIV and AIDS and Adolescence Education

    The Assessment aims to: i) review the existing curriculum and textbooks for students in public sector secondary and higher secondary classes with a view to identify and enlist available content about HIV & AIDS prevention education; ii) measure the level of awareness among adolescent students about HIV & AIDS in general and their knowledge about modes of transmission and precautionary measures; iii) assess the knowledge of young people about adolescence and reproductive health issues; identify possible challenges Pakistan Youth may have to face in their information seeking on their adolescence …

  4. Effectiveness of a school-based AIDS education program among rural students in HIV high epidemic area of China

    Purpose: To evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of a life-planning skills training program using participatory methods among rural senior high school students in Shangcai County, Henan Province, China. Methods: The study was a quasi-experimental study conducted in three Shangcai County senior high schools with comparable socioculture–economic and demographic characteristics (two interventions and one control). …

  5. Sex and HIV education programs: Their impact on sexual behaviors of young people throughout the world

    This paper reviews 83 studies that measure the impact of curriculum-based sex and HIV education programs on sexual behavior and mediating factors among youth under 25 years anywhere in the world. Two thirds of the programs significantly improved one or more sexual behaviors. The evidence is strong that programs do not hasten or increase sexual behavior but, instead, some programs delay or decrease sexual behaviors or increase condom or contraceptive use. …

  6. A critical review of the evidence on the effectiveness of HIV/AIDS education programs for youth in Sub-Saharan Africa

    This paper critically examines the evidence from recent experimental design evaluations on the impact of HIV/AIDS prevention through youth education programs in sub-Saharan Africa. It pre-specifies the study inclusion criteria, the search strategy and the methods for summarizing findings. This paper also identifies recurring flaws in the research and suggests several methods for avoiding these shortcomings in future studies. Our initial search produced 139 potential articles for review, but only six met the pre-stated study inclusion criteria. …

  7. Addressing sexual health and HIV in school. Four initiatives from sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America

    This publication describes three German-supported initiatives in Africa (specifically in Guinea, Mozambique and Tanzania) and one in Latin America (a six-country regional initiative). All integrate sexual health and HIV prevention within school systems. The three African initiatives operate within generalized epidemics driven largely by unprotected sex between men and women. In Latin America general prevalence in the countries described here is well below one percent, and much less among young people. …

  8. Safe space for young people: a review of the school AIDS education program

    The School AIDS Education Program (SAEP) is a key intervention that aims at providing preventive education to young people in schools and is a critical component of the preventive intervention for the general community as no other institutional system reaches as many children as the school system. The main objective of the SAEP is to equip every young adult who passes out of school, with basic knowledge about HIV, so that each young person has correct knowledge and skills to protect themselves from HIV. …

  9. Global evaluation of life skills education programmes

    This is the report of the Global Evaluation of Life Skills Education commissioned by the UNICEF Evaluation Office. The aims of the evaluation were to consider life skills education (LSE) initiatives and assess them for relevance, coverage, efficiency, effectiveness and sustainability and to consider UNICEF’s role and additionality in support of them, recognizing that UNICEF has been an advocate for life skills education and a source of support in many countries. The evaluation was also tasked with identifying lessons and making recommendations for UNICEF and partners. …

  10. Evaluation of the impact of the life orientation programme on HIV/AIDS in Gauteng schools - pilot study

    The primary aim of this pilot research was to develop an instrument to evaluate the impact of the Life Orientation Programme (LOP) on sex, sexuality and HIV/AIDS in Gauteng schools at secondary level and if possible at primary level. …

  11. My future is my choice [evaluation]

    The overall purpose of the research was to evaluate My Future is My Choice (MFMC), a national peer education HIV prevention life skills programme in Namibia, and to provide recommendations for programme improvement and strengthening. An official extra-curricular life skills program of the Ministry of Education at secondary and combined schools, the MFMC programme seeks to protect young people from HIV infection and sexually transmitted diseases as well as prevent unintended pregnancies.

  12. Sexual and HIV/AIDS education in South African secondary schools

    Teaching sexual and HIV and AIDS education in schools has been the subject of debate and discussion for a while now southern Africa. The debates have mainly centred around three key issues – at what stage to introduce it, what kind of curricula is appropriate and who is qualified to provide such teaching. South Africa is one the few countries in the region that have made attempts to introduce sexual and HIV and AIDS education at the secondary school level. Although this has had benefits, it has not been without its challenges. …

  13. Assessment life-skills based curriculum in Lao PDR

    According to the 2010 UNGASS Country Progress Report, Lao PDR is the only country in the Greater Mekong Region with a continuing low HIV prevalence. However, the report makes it clear that the country is “continuously vulnerable to an expanding epidemic” and that a key reason for this is increasing high-risk behaviour among the youth, in particular the use of drugs and alcohol. …

  14. Global life skills education evaluation

    This report presents the findings of the Global Life Skills Education Evaluation, commissioned by UNICEF to evaluate their support to establish sustainable and evidence-based life skills education (LSE) programmes. …

  15. Rapport de l'évaluation des projets de prévention du VIH en milieu scolaire dans les régions maritimes et de la Kara

    Dans le but de soutenir l’Etat togolais dans ses actions de prévention en matière du VIH/SIDA dans les établissements scolaires, UNICEF s’est engagé à appuyer l’ONG Adventist Développement and Relief Agency (ADRA) et la Direction Régionale de l’Education -Kara (DRE/Kara) dans les projets de « Réduction de la vulnérabilité des élèves au VIH/SIDA dans les Régions maritime et de la Kara » Ces interventions ont pour but principal de relever le niveau de connaissances des élèves en matière de VIH/SIDA en axant les sensibilisations sur plusieurs notions comme les voies de transmission et les moyens  …

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