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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Evidence-based practice in school substance use prevention: fidelity of implementation under real-world conditions

    Fidelity of program implementation under real-world conditions is a critical issue in the dissemination of evidence-based school substance use prevention curricula. Program effects are diminished when programs are implemented with poor fidelity. The authors assessed five domains of fidelity—adherence, exposure (dosage), quality of delivery, participant responsiveness and program differentiation (lack of contamination from other programs)—in a subset of respondents (N = 342) from a national random sample of public schools with middle school grades (N = 1721). …

  2. Implementing evidence-based substance use prevention curricula with fidelity: the role of teacher training

    It is widely recognized that teacher training affects the fidelity with which evidence-based substance use prevention curricula are implemented. This article presents the results of a 2005 survey of teachers from a nationally representative sample of 1721 public middle schools in the US (78.1% response rate).It measured fidelity along two dimensions (adherence and dose) and also assessed the number of hours, recency, and perceived effectiveness of teachers’ training, as well as the degree to which adherence was emphasized during training. …

  3. Content standards and performance indicators: health (grades 1-8)

    This document provides content standards and performance indicators for grades 1-8 in following subjects: 1. Personal health and fitness; 2. Emotional and mental health; 3. Substance use, abuse and prevention; 4. Nutrition; 5. Safety and first aid; 6. Prevention and control of diseases. It includes expectation benchmarks and sample performance indicators and names relevant teaching resources.

  4. Report of the working group on educational materials for use in SPHE in post-primary schools and centres for education with particular reference to substance use education in the context of SPHE

    This Report sets out the current context for Social, Personal and Health Education (SPHE) in Chapter Two. It notes the approval of an integrated SPHE curriculum for Junior Cycle in 2000 along with the establishment of the SPHE Post-Primary Support Service which was a collaborative initiative with the Department of Health. The SPHE Curriculum was introduced to primary schools from 1999 and the SPHE curriculum for post-primary schools was introduced in 2003. …

  5. Bridging the gap between evidence and practice: a multi-perspective examination of real-world drug education

    Aims: The study examined normative school drug-education practice in Scotland and the extent to which it reflected the evidence base for effective drug education. Methods: Current guidance in Scotland was compared with systematic review evidence on drug-education effectiveness; a survey was mailed to primary, secondary and special schools (928 questionnaires returned); and 100 drug-education lessons were systematically observed across 40 schools. Findings: Nearly all schools provided drug education but modes of delivery and learning approaches did not always reflect the evidence base. …

  6. Four questions to ask as school governors

    This two-sided briefing paper lists the most important questions that governors should be asking head teachers. 1) How does our PSHE provision match up to Ofsted’s standards? 2) How does our curriculum prepare pupils for the opportunities, responsibilities and experiences of later life? Are pupils learning how to make good decisions when faced with risky situations? 3) Are drug-related incidents managed with confidence and consistency, and in the best interests of those involved? …

  7. Investigation of teaching the integrated topics on drug abuse in secondary school curriculum

    The problem of this study was to investigate the teaching of the integrated topics on drug abuse in the secondary school curriculum as a strategy to wipe out the problem of drug abuse among students in Machakos District, Kenya. The specific objectives of the study were to: establish the prevalence of drug abuse at the secondary school level according to gender, locality (urban/rural), boarding or day and religious practice, and establish the effect of teaching integrated topics on prevalence rate of drug abuse. …

  8. E-cigarettes and nicotine containing products (NCPs)

    Electronic cigarettes are battery-powered devices designed to deliver nicotine in a toxin-free vapour. These devices generally tend to simulate tobacco smoking. However, whilst many are designed and produced to look and feel like traditional cigarettes, others have different shapes and designs, and not all produce vapour. Whilst there is currently lack of clear information and regulation around e-cigarettes and non-licensed Nicotine Containing Products, this briefing paper sets out what schools need to know about these products, and their use among young people. …

  9. The principles of good drug education

    This briefing paper is part of a series produced by the Drug Education Forum, for schools and others involved in drug education or informal drug prevention. Choosing the best approach to drug education is a key task for educators. This document aims to help understand the principles that lie at the heart of good practice; those that follow have been adapted from the latest best-practice evaluations carried out in the UK, Canada, Australia, the USA, by the United Nations and in other countries.

  10. Sexuality education in India: examining the rhetoric, rethinking the future

    Comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) has been recognised globally as key to helping young people assert their sexual and reproductive rights. In India too, there is growing awareness of the importance of providing CSE not only to reduce sexually transmitted infections, unintended pregnancies and abortions but also to teach important life skills. Simultaneously, lack of political will and conflicting interests among certain religious and political factions have ensured that no uniform CSE curriculum has been implemented throughout the country. …

  11. Pathways to living well: curriculum for national life skills education programme

    The National Life Skills Education Programme is designed to assist in building positive and noble character (virtue) as well as confidence, enthusiasm and discipline (morale) in our citizens for the betterment of our country. By developing awareness and understanding they will be better prepared to move forward in life for the holistic development of themselves and others. This will be most effective when a sense of responsibility as part of the whole is developed, together with a vision of building a civilized society that is harmonious, just, productive and respected. …

  12. Foundations for a Healthy School

    The Foundations for a Healthy School resource is designed to help contribute to a learning environment that promotes and supports child and student well-being – one of the four core goals in Ontario’s renewed vision for education. This goal emphasizes the need to focus not just on academic success, but also on the whole child and student – their cognitive, emotional, social, and physical development. The research is clear: healthy students are better prepared to learn, and education is a key determinant of health.

  13. A Situation-response analysis of the education sector’s response to HIV, drugs and sexual health in Timor-Leste

    This review of the education sector response to HIV, drugs and sexual and reproductive health in Timor- Leste aimed to examine the present policy and programmatic response in the sector, to identify gaps and to propose recommendations to support the response. The review was carried out mainly through the use of desk research and interviews with stakeholders. The education sector response to HIV, drugs, sexual and reproductive health education has been very limited to date. In summary, while there is low HIV prevalence, there is no room for complacency. …

  14. Prevention of HIV/AIDS and drug abuse through quality improvement of curriculum and teaching/learning materials in Asia and the Pacific: final report of the regional workshop

    This regional workshop, "Prevention of HIV/AIDS and Drug Abuse through Quality Improvement of Curriculum and Teaching/Learning Materials in Asia and the Pacific was organized from 25-29 August, 1997, by the National Commission of the People's Republic of China for UNESCO in Beijing. The aim is to make an impact through the school system by introducing new curricular approaches and materials at national levels in selected countries of the region. …

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