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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Measuring the quality of sexuality education implementation at the school level in low- and middle-income countries

    Comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) is a key component of efforts to improve sexual and reproductive outcomes for young people. While many governments have established policies and curricula for CSE, there are no quantitative measures of the quality of their implementation in schools. This article describes the construction of a school-level index to measure CSE implementation quality using data from Peru, Guatemala, Kenya and Ghana for validation. …

  2. Challenges to implementing national comprehensive sexuality education curricula in low- and middle-income countries: case studies of Ghana, Kenya, Peru and Guatemala

    School-based comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) can help adolescents achieve their full potential and realize their sexual and reproductive health and rights. This is particularly pressing in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where high rates of unintended pregnancy and STIs among adolescents can limit countries’ ability to capitalize on the demographic dividend. While many LMICs have developed CSE curricula, their full implementation is often hindered by challenges around program planning and roll-out at the national and local level. …

  3. Etude sur l’enseignement des compétences de vie courante (CVC) à l’école et dans les centres d’éducation non formelle au Burundi

    Le but de cette étude est d’analyser les initiatives « CVC » au Burundi avec un focus particulier sur la pertinence, la couverture, l’efficience, l’effectivité ainsi que la pérennité en vue d’apprécier le rôle de l’UNICEF et sa valeur ajoutée dans l’appui aux efforts des institutions du Gouvernement et des ONGs afin de les intégrer effectivement dans les politiques, les stratégies, les plans et le curricula. …

  4. Comprehensive sexuality education: the challenges and opportunities of scaling-up

    This publication is part of an ongoing programme of work initiated by UNESCO in 2008 to provide technical guidance and implementation support for sexuality education programmes, as a platform for HIV prevention, treatment and care. It emphasizes the challenges and opportunities for scaling up comprehensive sexuality education in school settings. Building on indepth interviews with key informants involved in past and ongoing work on sexuality education, this publication provides conceptual and practical guidance on definitions and strategies for scaling-up. …

  5. Learning about HIV/AIDS in schools: does a gender-equality approach make a difference?

    Is HIV education based on the principles of gender equality possible in practice? If so, can it make a difference to gender relations in a society? This chapter considers these questions through reflection on two gender-based HIV education interventions in South Africa and Mozambique, which took place between 2001 and 2003.

  6. La prévention du sida en milieu scolaire : pratiques d’enseignants de biologie en France et au Congo

    La prévention du VIH/sida fait partie des programmes de biologie de collège et lycée en France et au Congo. L’enseignant doit transmettre des connaissances scientifiques et amener les élèves à l’adoption volontaire de certains comportements. Ce qui le conduit à assurer un rôle d’acteur de prévention. Comment l’enseignant perçoit-il ce nouveau rôle, quels objectifs se fixe-t-il et quelles méthodes pédagogiques envisage-t-il ? …

  7. An HIV/AIDS knowledge scale for adolescents: item response theory analyses based on data from a study in South Africa and Tanzania

    A 14-item human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome knowledge scale was used among school students in 80 schools in 3 sites in Sub-Saharan Africa (Cape Town and Mankweng, South Africa, and Dar es Salaam, Tanzania). For each item, an incorrect or don't know response was coded as 0 and correct response as 1. Exploratory factor analyses based on polychoric correlations showed two separate factors for all sites. …

  8. Evaluation of the impact of the life orientation programme on HIV/AIDS in Gauteng schools - pilot study

    The primary aim of this pilot research was to develop an instrument to evaluate the impact of the Life Orientation Programme (LOP) on sex, sexuality and HIV/AIDS in Gauteng schools at secondary level and if possible at primary level. …

  9. My future is my choice [evaluation]

    The overall purpose of the research was to evaluate My Future is My Choice (MFMC), a national peer education HIV prevention life skills programme in Namibia, and to provide recommendations for programme improvement and strengthening. An official extra-curricular life skills program of the Ministry of Education at secondary and combined schools, the MFMC programme seeks to protect young people from HIV infection and sexually transmitted diseases as well as prevent unintended pregnancies.

  10. Rapport de l'évaluation des projets de prévention du VIH en milieu scolaire dans les régions maritimes et de la Kara

    Dans le but de soutenir l’Etat togolais dans ses actions de prévention en matière du VIH/SIDA dans les établissements scolaires, UNICEF s’est engagé à appuyer l’ONG Adventist Développement and Relief Agency (ADRA) et la Direction Régionale de l’Education -Kara (DRE/Kara) dans les projets de « Réduction de la vulnérabilité des élèves au VIH/SIDA dans les Régions maritime et de la Kara » Ces interventions ont pour but principal de relever le niveau de connaissances des élèves en matière de VIH/SIDA en axant les sensibilisations sur plusieurs notions comme les voies de transmission et les moyens  …

  11. Empowering teachers to change youth practices: evaluating teacher delivery and responses to the FLHE Programme in Edo State, Nigeria

    School-based programming is one of the most common approaches to HIV/AIDS prevention among youth. This paper presents the history and development of the Family Life and HIV Education (FLHE) programme in Edo State, Nigeria and results of evaluation of teacher actions and responses to training in its delivery. Results indicate that teachers benefited from the training, were aware of new and/or existing teaching resources and began to teach about HIV/AIDS. Teachers expressed that the programme facilitated open dialogue about HIV/AIDS. …

  12. Comprehensive sexuality education: the challenges and opportunities of scaling-up

    This report builds on a programme of work on sexuality education for young people initiated in 2008 by UNESCO. It is also informed by several other past and ongoing initiatives related to scaling up sexuality education, as well as drawing on case studies presented at the Bogota international consultation on sexuality education, convened by UNFPA in 2010. The report emphasizes the challenges for scaling-up in terms of integrating comprehensive sexuality education into the formal curricula of schools. …

  13. Impact de la connaissance du VIH et SIDA sur le comportement sexuel chez les élèves dans deux établissements scolaires de Sikasso

    Cette étude descriptive, transversale, à passage unique a été menée pendant le mois de Décembre 2009 dans le collège Tieba Traoré et le lycée Monseigneur De Monclo de la commune urbaine de Sikasso. Le choix de Sikasso a été motivé par le fait qu'il est le chef lieu de la 3ème région administrative du Mali, frontalière avec le Burkina Faso, la Côte d'Ivoire et la Guinée ; ce qui fait de Sikasso, une ville cosmopolite où toutes les ethnies du pays et d'autres pays de la sous région se côtoient. …

  14. The Implementation of HIV/AIDS workplace programme in the Ministry of Education in Zambia

    The aim of this research is to establish the factors influencing the implementation of the Ministry of Education HIV/AIDS workplace programme in Zambia in order to provide guidelines to make it sustainable. This study is important to identify why the implementation of the workplace Programme has been difficult. This research was based on document analysis, direct observations and the use of semi structured interviews with key staff involved with the implementation of the workplace programme. …

  15. Evaluation of a comprehensive school-based AIDS education programme in rural Masaka, Uganda

    This study aimed to evaluate a one-year, comprehensive, school-based HIV and AIDS education program in rural, southwestern Uganda. Twenty intervention schools (1274 students) and 11 control schools (803 students) completed baseline and follow-up questionnaires. Twelve focus groups were conducted among five of the intervention schools (93 students). Very few effects of the intervention were observed. Focus group data indicates that programmes were not implemented comprehensively and certain activities (how to use condoms, role playing) were only superficially used. …

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