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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Learning about HIV/AIDS in schools: does a gender-equality approach make a difference?

    Is HIV education based on the principles of gender equality possible in practice? If so, can it make a difference to gender relations in a society? This chapter considers these questions through reflection on two gender-based HIV education interventions in South Africa and Mozambique, which took place between 2001 and 2003.

  2. An HIV/AIDS knowledge scale for adolescents: item response theory analyses based on data from a study in South Africa and Tanzania

    A 14-item human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome knowledge scale was used among school students in 80 schools in 3 sites in Sub-Saharan Africa (Cape Town and Mankweng, South Africa, and Dar es Salaam, Tanzania). For each item, an incorrect or don't know response was coded as 0 and correct response as 1. Exploratory factor analyses based on polychoric correlations showed two separate factors for all sites. …

  3. Development and test-retest reliability of a research instrument designed to evaluate school-based HIV/AIDS interventions in South Africa and Tanzania

    Aims: This article reports on the development and psychometric properties of an instrument to evaluate school-based HIV/ AIDS interventions aimed at adolescents in three African sites. Methods: The instrument was developed in a series of steps that involved a review of existing instruments; use of empirical data and secondary literature supporting an association between the variables of interest and sexual intercourse or condom use; operationalizing the constructs of the theoretical model employed; and using the objectives of the intervention. …

  4. School-based HIV/AIDS prevention in sub-Saharan Africa

    This supplement of the Scandinavian Journal of Public Health includes contains a series of freely accessible articles on school-based HIV/AIDS prevention in sub-Saharan Africa. …

  5. Dare to be different: enhancing life skills education for HIV prevention in South African schools

    Horizons, in cooperation with local stakeholders and the Mpumalanga Department of Education, is conducting a study to explore the feasibility and acceptability of the integration of a life skills curriculum centered around sexual abstinence and faithfulness into the Department of Education's Life Orientation Program for learners in grades 6 and 7 (aged 10-14) in the Mpumalanga Province of South Africa.

  6. Programming for HIV prevention in South African schools: a report on programme implementation

    As national education programs incorporate HIV prevention into school curricula, policymakers and educators need to know what they can expect from these initiatives. …

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