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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Addressing cross-generational sex: A desk review of research and programs

    Current interest in cross-generational sex is largely due to the feminization of the HIV and AIDS epidemic. Young women 15-24 years of age in sub-Saharan Africa are three times more likely to be infected with HIV than young men of the same age, four times more likely in Zambia, and a staggering five times more likely in Zimbabwe. But, in fact, ministries of education and others have had curricula and materials addressing the “sugar daddy” phenomenon for many years. …

  2. National Sexuality Education Standards. Core Content and Skills, K–12

    The goal of the National Sexuality Education Standards: Core Content and Skills, K–12 is to provide clear, consistent and straightforward guidance on the essential minimum, core content for sexuality education that is developmentally and age-appropriate for students in grades K–12. It also aims to address the inconsistent implementation of sexuality education nationwide and the limited time allocated to teaching the topic. …

  3. Assessment of Learning Needs of Youth in Pakistan about HIV and AIDS and Adolescence Education

    The Assessment aims to: i) review the existing curriculum and textbooks for students in public sector secondary and higher secondary classes with a view to identify and enlist available content about HIV & AIDS prevention education; ii) measure the level of awareness among adolescent students about HIV & AIDS in general and their knowledge about modes of transmission and precautionary measures; iii) assess the knowledge of young people about adolescence and reproductive health issues; identify possible challenges Pakistan Youth may have to face in their information seeking on their adolescence …

  4. Sex and HIV education programs: Their impact on sexual behaviors of young people throughout the world

    This paper reviews 83 studies that measure the impact of curriculum-based sex and HIV education programs on sexual behavior and mediating factors among youth under 25 years anywhere in the world. Two thirds of the programs significantly improved one or more sexual behaviors. The evidence is strong that programs do not hasten or increase sexual behavior but, instead, some programs delay or decrease sexual behaviors or increase condom or contraceptive use. …

  5. Sex and relationships education in further education settings: Investigating training and resources

    This report sets out findings of a research study designed to establish current levels of sex and relationships education (SRE) provision in further education (FE) and sixth form colleges. …

  6. Sex and relationships education in further education settings: Exploratory research

    The present study is exploratory in nature, examining SRE in FE settings from the perspective of both student service managers (or a comparable person) within colleges as well as students. The authors describe trends in SRE across colleges as well as areas for improvement. More specifically, they examine the following research questions: To what extent is SRE available in FE and sixth form colleges? Which FE students receive SRE? What are the core SRE topic areas for 16-19-year-olds and are these being delivered? What is the format of SRE delivery? …

  7. Integrating a youth-based stigma and discrimination reduction curriculum in higher education: St Xavier’s College

    Stigmatizing attitudes towards people living with HIV (PLHIV) are common among young people. Yet there are few opportunities for youth to be exposed to interventions that address the key drivers of stigma and discrimination, namely lack of awareness of stigma and its harmful consequences, social judgment and fear of infection through casual contact. This project demonstrated that higher education can be an effective entry point for stigma reduction, by working with several groups and environments, in this case the faculty, students and college. …

  8. Let’s talk about sex: young people’s views on sex and sexual health information in Australia

    This document is a report of Let’s Talk About Sex: National Youth Survey, a joint partnership between AYAC and YEAH to ensure a national consultation process with young Australians aged 15-29 regarding their opinions, experiences and needs around access to sexual health information and education. …

  9. Applying the Research / Researching the Applied

    The conference programme was driven by the presentation of applied case experiences on the following topics: 1. Evaluating HIV/TB/STI prevention projects (e.g. Peer Education, HIV and TB testing, treatment), 2. Approaching HIV as an issue of transformation, diversity and inclusivity (including stigma, sexual orientation and gender), 3. Integrating HIV and AIDS into socially responsive core curricula: Lessons from innovative collaborations in Higher Education, 4. …

  10. The 2011 National School Climate Survey: the experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender youth in our nation’s schools

    In this 2011 survey, the authors examine the experiences of LGBT students with regard to indicators of negative school climate: hearing biased remarks, including homophobic remarks, in school; feeling unsafe in school because of personal characteristics, such as sexual orientation, gender expression, or race/ethnicity; missing classes or days of school because of safety reasons; and experiencing harassment and assault in school. …

  11. Sex education: access and impact on sexual behaviour of young people

    Throughout the world, many adolescent reproductive health professionals, schools, clinics and other youth serving organizations have developed and implemented a wide variety of sex and STI/HIV education programs to reduce unintended pregnancy and STIs among young people. Some of these programs are based on a written curriculum and are implemented with groups of young people. These programs are particularly well designed to be implemented in schools, where they can potentially reach large numbers of youth. …

  12. Review of policies and strategies to implement and scale up sexuality education in Asia and the Pacific

    This review examines the existing frameworks present in the Asia-Pacific region to implement and scale up sexuality education. It includes a systematic review of over 300 national policies, laws, strategic plans on HIV, education, population and reproductive health, and youth in 28 countries in Asia and the Pacific. The review finds that there are still significant gaps across the region in terms of legal and policy frameworks. Of all types of policy documents analysed, education policies and laws were least likely to include content on sexuality education. …

  13. Sex and relationships education: still not getting any?

    Are you happy with the sex and relationships education you have received? If not, it helps to know what you can do to make a difference in your local area. Read on to learn more about your rights, top tips and other young people like you who have made a difference.

  14. Impact de la connaissance du VIH et SIDA sur le comportement sexuel chez les élèves dans deux établissements scolaires de Sikasso

    Cette étude descriptive, transversale, à passage unique a été menée pendant le mois de Décembre 2009 dans le collège Tieba Traoré et le lycée Monseigneur De Monclo de la commune urbaine de Sikasso. Le choix de Sikasso a été motivé par le fait qu'il est le chef lieu de la 3ème région administrative du Mali, frontalière avec le Burkina Faso, la Côte d'Ivoire et la Guinée ; ce qui fait de Sikasso, une ville cosmopolite où toutes les ethnies du pays et d'autres pays de la sous région se côtoient. …

  15. Stay healthy: a gender-transformative HIV prevention curriculum for youth in Namibia

    The overall goal of Stay Healthy: A Gender-Transformative HIV Prevention Curriculum for Youth in Namibia is to prevent HIV infection among Namibian youth aged 13-18. Stay Healthy focuses on changing three key behaviors directly related to HIV infection by accomplishing the following: (1) delaying the onset of sexual intercourse, (2) increasing the correct and consistent use of the male condom among sexually active youth, and (3) decreasing multiple concurrent partners among sexually active youth. …

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