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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. A desktop review of HIV and AIDS curricular responses in the higher education sector - with a particular focus on the local, African and internationally published literature

    The purpose of this review is to undertake a desktop analysis of all the published work on the integration of HIV and AIDS into the curriculum of higher education. This will determine what has been done in terms of integration; what work has been evaluated as successful; and what lessons have been learnt.

  2. A review of HIV and AIDS curricular responses in the higher education sector: where are we now and what next?

    Curriculum integration of HIV and AIDS in higher education is a strategic priority of the Higher Education AIDS programme (HEAIDS), yet little progress has been made in this area. To address this, HEAIDS is leading a project aimed at capacitating the development of HIV curriculum initiatives. …

  3. Addressing cross-generational sex: A desk review of research and programs

    Current interest in cross-generational sex is largely due to the feminization of the HIV and AIDS epidemic. Young women 15-24 years of age in sub-Saharan Africa are three times more likely to be infected with HIV than young men of the same age, four times more likely in Zambia, and a staggering five times more likely in Zimbabwe. But, in fact, ministries of education and others have had curricula and materials addressing the “sugar daddy” phenomenon for many years. …

  4. Integration of HIV/AIDS studies into the comprehensive university undergraduate curriculum: a strategy to eliminate infection among students

    In South Africa, first year university students are vulnerable and at a high risk, of HIV infection the other group need immediate intervention because they might be sexually active and have established patterns of risky sexually behaviour. The number of students infected with HIV/ AIDS-related illness is increasing and this affects institution negatively. The purpose of this phenomenological study was to examine whether the integration of HIV/AIDS into the curriculum can reduce or minimise the infection rate among students. …

  5. Good policy and practice in HIV and AIDS and education. Booklet 6: Pre-service teacher training

    This booklet is the sixth in a series of publications that address key themes of UNESCO's work on HIV & AIDS and the education sector. It synthesizes lessons learnt, activities, case studies, policies and practices in HIV-related pre-service teacher education and training. The guide concerns the key role pre-service teacher training has in preparing future teachers to deliver effective sexuality education and HIV prevention education to children and young people in education institutions.

  6. Sexuality and HIV education: time for a paradigm shift

    While we have learned a good deal about effective sexuality and HIV education, we can do much better. Several areas of research suggest that it is time to develop and test a "social studies" approach to sex and HIV education - one that starts earlier and fosters critical thinking skills, gender equality, and human rights. Such an effort may have important lessons for improved sexual and reproductive health outcomes and contribute to other aspects of young people's preparation for active, informed participation in civil society.

  7. Good policy and practice in HIV and AIDS and education. Booklet 5: Effective learning

    This booklet introduces the concepts of quality education and effective learning; provides an overview of the impact of HIV and AIDS on quality education and effective learning; summarises the factors that contribute to effective learning in the context of HIV and AIDS education and highlights key issues to consider in developing and adapting HIV and AIDS learning materials, illustrated with case study examples. …

  8. Review of sex, relationships and HIV education in schools

    In 2007, UNESCO commissioned this desk-based review of the global state of sex and HIV education in the formal education sector in order to inform its possible future work in this area. The review is based on twenty-two key informant interviews with experts from Africa, Europe and North and South America, together with searches of published and grey literature obtained from the internet, databases and personal recommendation, as well as manual searching of key journals. …

  9. The formation of a critical, compassionate citizenry: the inculcation of HIV/AIDS curricula into South African Higher Education

    There have been numerous programmes internationally and continentally that involve the careful and sometimes not too careful inculcation of HIV/AIDS awareness into curricula. The majority of these have centred on adolescent programmes because, naturally, it is generally perceived that this age group is both sexually active and adventurous in so far as they are exploring boundaries that are simultaneously sexual, political and social. As the Love Life campaigns have proved, the adolescent and especially the early adolescent is a notoriously difficult age group to address effectively. …

  10. The Impact of HIV/AIDS on the Education Sector in Africa: Sub-Regional Outlook and Best Practices (Eastern and Southern Africa)

    This paper examines one aspect of the seemingly inexorable advance of HIV/AIDS: the way it has impacted on the education sector in Eastern and Southern Africa. The paper also examines the adjustments the sector has made to the epidemic and the steps it has taken to slow down its transmission. The overall impression is one of disarray, inadequate understanding, and piecemeal response-several projects, but few programmes. …

  11. Identifying promising approaches in HIV/AIDS and education

    In April 2000 the Association for the Development of Education in Africa (ADEA) initiated an exercise aimed at identifying effective responses by education systems to the effects of HIV/AIDS on the education structures of countries in sub-Saharan Africa. The objective was to identify promising approaches and interventions in the education sector to issues caused by the epidemic. …

  12. A review of key themes and issues emerging from literature on HIV/AIDS and higher education in Africa and Uganda in particular

    The overall purpose of this literature review was to identify key themes and gaps in knowledge emerging from literature available on HIV/AIDS and higher education in Africa and in Uganda in particular. The key themes and gaps in knowledge identified will form the basis for the design of an in-depth study, which will explore the impact of HIV/AIDS in selected higher education institutions in Uganda and the responses of these institutions to the pandemic.

  13. Prevention: Lessons learned about school based approaches to reducing HIV/AIDS related risk

    Provides an overview of lessons learned for school based approaches to reducing HIV/AIDS related risk. Centres on youth-centred, integrated approach that includes sound monitoring and evaluation. Quality of Learner: Begin programmes by understanding what is known about HIV/AIDS and focus on understanding relevant risks to the population. Quality of Content: Using social learning theories to guide programme development will increase both positive individual health promoting behaviours as well as changing and supporting positive group social norms. …

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