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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Promoting wellbeing through sexuality education

    This report provides findings from ERO’s evaluation of how well schools were promoting and supporting student wellbeing through sexuality education. It includes high-level findings, examples of good practice and recommendations for schools and policy audiences. It is accompanied by a series of short publications for whänau, students, and trustees.

  2. Implementation of provisions under the ESA commitment on comprehensive sexuality education and sexual and reproductive health and rights in Zambia

    Zambia is one of the twenty countries in the Eastern and Southern Africa (ESA) region that affirmed their joint commitment to deliver Comprehensive Sexuality Education (CSE) and Sexual Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR) services for young people. There are a number of strategies and policies that support the Implementation of these commitments in Zambia. …

  3. Sexuality education in technical and vocational institutions in Guyana: possibilities and challenges

    This paper reports on the results of an exploratory evaluation of a sexuality education program that was introduced in technical and vocational institutions in Guyana. The rationale for the program is outlined, along with the methodology employed in the evaluation of the program, including the analysis of data from document reviews, telephone and face-to-face interviews, and surveys of facilitators and students’ perceptions of the program. …

  4. La educación sexual en Uruguay - situación actual

    El presente trabajo es una síntesis y actualización del documento: “La incorporación de la Educación Sexual en el sistema educativo formal: Una propuesta de trabajo”, elaborado por la Comisión de Educación Sexual de la Administración Nacional de Educación Pública (ANEP), aprobado por el Consejo Directivo Central (CODICEN) en el año 2006,el cual se presenta en tres secciones: PRIMERA SECCIÓN: Antecedentes. …

  5. Creating Futures: lessons from the development of a livelihood-strengthening curriculum for young people in eThekwini's informal settlements

    Comprehending praxis is a critical step in developing interventions that can have a real-world impact on people's lives. In this paper, we reflect on the lessons learned in the development of a curriculum for young people living in informal settlements in eThekwini, who are exposed to numerous vulnerabilities, including HIV-related risks associated with precarious urban livelihoods. Behavioural interventions have not led to commensurate reductions in HIV incidence, and the impact of these approaches remains regulated by numerous contextual conditions affecting those participating. …

  6. Sex and HIV education programs: Their impact on sexual behaviors of young people throughout the world

    This paper reviews 83 studies that measure the impact of curriculum-based sex and HIV education programs on sexual behavior and mediating factors among youth under 25 years anywhere in the world. Two thirds of the programs significantly improved one or more sexual behaviors. The evidence is strong that programs do not hasten or increase sexual behavior but, instead, some programs delay or decrease sexual behaviors or increase condom or contraceptive use. …

  7. Sexuality education: a ten-country review of school curricula in East and Southern Africa

    This collaborative regional curriculum scan, which was conducted in 2011, seeks to assess the content, quality, and delivery methods of sexuality education curricula in ten ESA countries and aims to ensure that the reviews help countries to develop curricula designed to not only increase comprehensive knowledge among young people, but to empower them to adopt protective behaviours, such as refusing unwanted sex, delaying sex, using condoms and testing for HIV. The ten countries included are Botswana, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

  8. Long-Term Biological and Behavioural Impact of an Adolescent Sexual Health Intervention in Tanzania: Follow-up Survey of the Community-Based MEMA kwa Vijana Trial

    The ability of specific behaviour-change interventions to reduce HIV infection in young people remains questionable. Since January 1999, an adolescent sexual and reproductive health (SRH) intervention has been implemented in ten randomly chosen intervention communities in rural Tanzania, within a community randomised trial (see below; NCT00248469). The intervention consisted of teacher-led, peer-assisted in-school education, youth-friendly health services, community activities, and youth condom promotion and distribution. …

  9. Sexual and HIV/AIDS education in South African secondary schools

    Teaching sexual and HIV and AIDS education in schools has been the subject of debate and discussion for a while now southern Africa. The debates have mainly centred around three key issues – at what stage to introduce it, what kind of curricula is appropriate and who is qualified to provide such teaching. South Africa is one the few countries in the region that have made attempts to introduce sexual and HIV and AIDS education at the secondary school level. Although this has had benefits, it has not been without its challenges. …

  10. Empowering teachers to change youth practices: evaluating teacher delivery and responses to the FLHE Programme in Edo State, Nigeria

    School-based programming is one of the most common approaches to HIV/AIDS prevention among youth. This paper presents the history and development of the Family Life and HIV Education (FLHE) programme in Edo State, Nigeria and results of evaluation of teacher actions and responses to training in its delivery. Results indicate that teachers benefited from the training, were aware of new and/or existing teaching resources and began to teach about HIV/AIDS. Teachers expressed that the programme facilitated open dialogue about HIV/AIDS. …

  11. Documentation of advocacy work on comprehensive sexuality education in Nepal

    The goal of the project was to ensure the integration and implementation of comprehensive, gender-sensitive and rights-based sexuality education through the national curricula (primary and secondary) in Nepal. The project focused on the creation of sustainable advocacy networks with stakeholders to promote comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) and undertake a national advocacy campaign. It worked with key stakeholders to adopt a broad based sexuality education curriculum and build skills to ensure its effective implementation. …

  12. A review of the revised sexuality education curriculum in India

    A review of the revised Adolescence Education Programme module developed by the National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO) and the Ministry of Human Resources and Development.

  13. HFLE in Caribbean schools: New approaches, prospects and challenges

    This report consists of a presentation of health and family life education (HFLE) policies and programmes in Carribean. The process of upscaling HFLE across the Caribbean has been a complicated one, utilizing diverse resources and requiring significant dialogue, networking and cooperation between numerous stakeholders. …

  14. Evaluation of the Pilot Health and Family Life Education Curriculum Schools

    Between January and June 2006, the Ministry of Education, supported by UNICEF and the Global Fund through the Ministry of Health, conducted the delivery of a pilot curriculum for Health and Family Life Education [HFLE] in 21 of 24 selected schools. The HFLE curriculum which was pilot tested was developed in the context of an existing National Policy for Health and Family Life Education in Jamaica. The Policy was revised in 1999. The spread of HIV/AIDS has led to the special inclusion of HIV/AIDS education as a special focus of HFLE. …

  15. Abstinence only vs. comprehensive sex education: What are the arguments? What is the evidence?

    Abstinence Only vs. Comprehensive Sex Education: What are the arguments? What is the evidence? is a document focusing on the impact of abstinence and comprehensive sex education programs established in United States. Indeed, the United States still has the highest rates of STIs and teen pregnancy of any industrialized nation. Since President Bush, the Congress tends to promotes abstinence-only approach that will likely have serious unintended consequences by denying young people access to the information they need to protect themselves. …

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