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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Comprehensive sexuality education in Croatia: overview and the context

    The aim of this publication is to emphasize the importance of implementation of the comprehensive sexuality education in schools in the Republic of Croatia. While keeping in mind the deep division in the society that accompanies this topic, but also the rise of the conservative forces that are trying to promote personal and religious ideas, it is essential to provide education that will help the youth to make a responsible decision, but as well build the society of peace and tolerance. …

  2. A desktop review of HIV and AIDS curricular responses in the higher education sector - with a particular focus on the local, African and internationally published literature

    The purpose of this review is to undertake a desktop analysis of all the published work on the integration of HIV and AIDS into the curriculum of higher education. This will determine what has been done in terms of integration; what work has been evaluated as successful; and what lessons have been learnt.

  3. A review of HIV and AIDS curricular responses in the higher education sector: where are we now and what next?

    Curriculum integration of HIV and AIDS in higher education is a strategic priority of the Higher Education AIDS programme (HEAIDS), yet little progress has been made in this area. To address this, HEAIDS is leading a project aimed at capacitating the development of HIV curriculum initiatives. …

  4. Addressing cross-generational sex: A desk review of research and programs

    Current interest in cross-generational sex is largely due to the feminization of the HIV and AIDS epidemic. Young women 15-24 years of age in sub-Saharan Africa are three times more likely to be infected with HIV than young men of the same age, four times more likely in Zambia, and a staggering five times more likely in Zimbabwe. But, in fact, ministries of education and others have had curricula and materials addressing the “sugar daddy” phenomenon for many years. …

  5. Integration of HIV/AIDS studies into the comprehensive university undergraduate curriculum: a strategy to eliminate infection among students

    In South Africa, first year university students are vulnerable and at a high risk, of HIV infection the other group need immediate intervention because they might be sexually active and have established patterns of risky sexually behaviour. The number of students infected with HIV/ AIDS-related illness is increasing and this affects institution negatively. The purpose of this phenomenological study was to examine whether the integration of HIV/AIDS into the curriculum can reduce or minimise the infection rate among students. …

  6. Sexuality education: a ten-country review of school curricula in East and Southern Africa

    This collaborative regional curriculum scan, which was conducted in 2011, seeks to assess the content, quality, and delivery methods of sexuality education curricula in ten ESA countries and aims to ensure that the reviews help countries to develop curricula designed to not only increase comprehensive knowledge among young people, but to empower them to adopt protective behaviours, such as refusing unwanted sex, delaying sex, using condoms and testing for HIV. The ten countries included are Botswana, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

  7. Are the health messages in schoolbooks based on scientific evidence? A descriptive study

    Background: Most textbooks contains messages relating to health. This profuse information requires analysis with regards to the quality of such information. The objective was to identify the scientific evidence on which the health messages in textbooks are based. Methods: The degree of evidence on which such messages are based was identified and the messages were subsequently classified into three categories: Messages with high, medium or low levels of evidence; Messages with an unknown level of evidence; and Messages with no known evidence. Results: 844 messages were studied. …

  8. Good policy and practice in HIV and AIDS and education. Booklet 6: Pre-service teacher training

    This booklet is the sixth in a series of publications that address key themes of UNESCO's work on HIV & AIDS and the education sector. It synthesizes lessons learnt, activities, case studies, policies and practices in HIV-related pre-service teacher education and training. The guide concerns the key role pre-service teacher training has in preparing future teachers to deliver effective sexuality education and HIV prevention education to children and young people in education institutions.

  9. Sexuality and HIV education: time for a paradigm shift

    While we have learned a good deal about effective sexuality and HIV education, we can do much better. Several areas of research suggest that it is time to develop and test a "social studies" approach to sex and HIV education - one that starts earlier and fosters critical thinking skills, gender equality, and human rights. Such an effort may have important lessons for improved sexual and reproductive health outcomes and contribute to other aspects of young people's preparation for active, informed participation in civil society.

  10. Sexuality education in Europe. A Reference guide to policies and practices

    This sexuality education reference guide aims to systematically and coherently bring together information on sexuality education policies and programmes across Europe. The guide is divided into three broad sections. The first section gives an overview of the situation in Europe, and analyses the similarities and differences that various countries have experienced in delivering sexuality education, the factors hindering and enhancing provision, and evidence for the effectiveness of comprehensive sexuality education. …

  11. Good policy and practice in HIV and AIDS and education. Booklet 5: Effective learning

    This booklet introduces the concepts of quality education and effective learning; provides an overview of the impact of HIV and AIDS on quality education and effective learning; summarises the factors that contribute to effective learning in the context of HIV and AIDS education and highlights key issues to consider in developing and adapting HIV and AIDS learning materials, illustrated with case study examples. …

  12. Review of sex, relationships and HIV education in schools

    In 2007, UNESCO commissioned this desk-based review of the global state of sex and HIV education in the formal education sector in order to inform its possible future work in this area. The review is based on twenty-two key informant interviews with experts from Africa, Europe and North and South America, together with searches of published and grey literature obtained from the internet, databases and personal recommendation, as well as manual searching of key journals. …

  13. The impact of HIV/AIDS on teachers and other education personnel in West and Central Africa: A synthesis of the literature from 2000 to 2004.

    This paper examines the literature on how HIV/AIDS has impacted teachers and other education personnel in Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cote d`Ivoire, Ghana, Mali, Nigeria and Senegal. The findings show that the HIV/AIDS situation is serious in all the countries studied although the prevalence rates range from 0.5 in Senegal, 5.8% in Nigeria and 11.8 % in Cameroon (UNAIDS, 2003). Generally, it was found that infection rates in the education system reflect the national rates. …

  14. The formation of a critical, compassionate citizenry: the inculcation of HIV/AIDS curricula into South African Higher Education

    There have been numerous programmes internationally and continentally that involve the careful and sometimes not too careful inculcation of HIV/AIDS awareness into curricula. The majority of these have centred on adolescent programmes because, naturally, it is generally perceived that this age group is both sexually active and adventurous in so far as they are exploring boundaries that are simultaneously sexual, political and social. As the Love Life campaigns have proved, the adolescent and especially the early adolescent is a notoriously difficult age group to address effectively. …

  15. The Impact of HIV/AIDS on the Education Sector in Africa: Sub-Regional Outlook and Best Practices (Eastern and Southern Africa)

    This paper examines one aspect of the seemingly inexorable advance of HIV/AIDS: the way it has impacted on the education sector in Eastern and Southern Africa. The paper also examines the adjustments the sector has made to the epidemic and the steps it has taken to slow down its transmission. The overall impression is one of disarray, inadequate understanding, and piecemeal response-several projects, but few programmes. …

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