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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Gender-based violence in sub-Saharan Africa: a review of demographic and health survey findings and their use in national planning

    Gender-based violence (GBV) is a pervasive human rights issue with public health consequences. The growing body of evidence on violence and HIV/AIDS continues to confirm that violence is a lead factor in the 'feminization' of the global AIDS epidemic and the disproportionately higher rates of HIV-infection among women and girls, who now represent at least half of those infected worldwide and about 60% of those infected in sub-Saharan Africa. The main purposes of this desk review are to: 1. …

  2. Review and appraisal of the progress made in achieving the goals and objectives of the programme of action of the International Conference on Population and Development: the 2004 report

    This report is based on the 2nd quinquennial review and appraisal for the thirty-seventh session of the commission in 2004. It is divided into an introduction and seven chapters. The first two sections provide an overview of population levels and trends, and population growth, structure and distribution in the world and its major regions. These are followed by four sections focusing on clusters of issues: reproductive health and rights and mortality, international migration and population programmes. The final section summarizes the major conclusion of the report.

  3. Myanmar: reproductive health baseline community survey 2002

    The report presents findings of the 2002 reproductive health baseline community survey carried out in townships under the UNFPA project. The main objectives of the survey is to find out knowledge, attitude and practice related to reproductive health, STD, HIV/AIDS, maternal health and contraception. The study will provide baseline information for evaluating the progress in the level of knowledge and behaviour change on the reproductive health in those township communities at the end of the project in 2005.

  4. Adolescent and youth reproductive health in the Asia and Near East Region : status, issues, policies, and programs

    The paper provides a synthesis of the findings from a 13-country study of adolescent and youth reproductive health issues, policies, and programmes in Asia and Near East (ANE) region. The countries include Egypt, Jordan, Morocco, and Yemen in the Near East; Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka in South Asia; and Cambodia, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Vietnam in Southeast Asia. The purpose of the assessments was to highlight the reproductive health status of adolescents and youth in each country within the context of the lives of young males and females. …

  5. Country profiles for population and reproductive health : policy developments and indicators 2003

    This report is an updated version of the UNFPA's publication entitled "1995 Resource Requirements for Population and Reproductive Health Programmes: Programme Country Profiles for Population Assistance". It was published by UNFPA in collaboration with Population Reference Bureau. The volume contains national and subnational indicators on the demographic and social situation in 162 countries. …

  6. Myanmar fertility and reproductive health survey 2001: preliminary report

    This preliminary report on the 2001 Fertility and Reproductive Health Survey (FRHS) provides information on fertility, contraception, maternal and child health, infant and child mortality, knowledge of STDs and HIV/AIDS and internal migration in Myanmar.

  7. Workshop report [of the] Integrating Socio-cultural Research into Population and Reproductive Health Programmes, Kathmandu, Nepal, 26 November - 1 December 2001

    The report provides understanding of socio-cultural research (SRC) for programming purposes in the area of population and reproductive health. The first part of the report introduces the concept of SCR and the rationale for its use in population and RH programmes. It identifies social and cultural factors affecting demographic and reproductive health behaviour. The second part of the report focuses on approaches, methods and tools for operationalizing SCR in programmes. …

  8. Completing the demographic transition in developing countries

    This paper reviews the status of the demographic transition worldwide, discusses factors associated with fertility decline, and highlights challenges associated with completing the transition in developing countries. It is intended to help policymakers both here and abroad to better understand the need for continued efforts to reduce fertility and population growth rates, even in the wake of the HIV/AIDS epidemic.

  9. Nepal demographic and health survey 2001

    The report presents the results of the 2001 Nepal Demographic and Health Survey (2001 NDHS). The principal objective of the survey is to provide policymakers and planners with current and reliable information on fertility, family planning, infant and child mortality, maternal child health, nutrition and information on HIV/AIDS.

  10. Cambodia demographic and health survey 2000

    This report presents the results of the 2000 Cambodia Demographic and Health Survey (CDHS 2000). The principal objective of the survey is to provide policymakers and planners with current and reliable data on household and women's characteristics, fertility and family planning behaviour, child and maternal mortality, children's nutritional status, utilization of maternal and child health services, women's status and household relations, illnesses and injuries, and knowledge of HIV/AIDS.

  11. Pakistan's population issues in the 21st century : conference proceedings Oct 24th-26th, 2000, Karachi

    The basic theme of the conference has reflected the futuristic approach of population scholars and activists. The scientific sessions on the conference ranged from the more conventional demographic areas of infant mortality, fertility and family planning, migration and urbanization, population and development, safe motherhood to more recent interest issues such as reproductive health, gender, and sexually transmitted infections.

  12. The state of World Population 2001. Footprints and milestones: population and environmental change

    Human activity is altering the planet on an unprecedented scale, the report points out. More people are using more resources with more intensity and leaving a bigger "footprint" on the earth than ever before. The report examines the close links between environmental conditions, population trends, and prospects for alleviating poverty in developing countries. It finds that expanding women's opportunities and ensuring their reproductive health and rights are critically important, both to improve the well-being of growing human populations and to protect the natural world.

  13. The relative importance of family and education influences on attitudes to family size among Thai single youths

    The objective of this study is to examine family influences, measured by the sibling influences and maternal influences determining family size preference of Thai single adolescents.

  14. Demographic profile

    This booklet describes the adolescent population of fourteen countries in terms of their demographic profile such as their poulation size, age of marriage, educational attainment, employment, and health, among others. This followed by an overall picture of the reproductive and sexual health characteristics of the adolescents through their fertility practices, teen pregnancy/childbearing abortion, HIV/AIDS and STDs, family planning and contraception. …

  15. Communication and advocacy strategies, adolescent reproductive and sexual health: case study, Lao PDR

    This volume presents the experiences of Lao PDR in planning and implementing the advocacy and IEC strategies for promoting adolescent reproductive and sexual health programmes.

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