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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The youth bulge and HIV

    In many sub-Saharan African countries, declines in child mortality combined with a slow decline in fertility have resulted in children and young adults comprising a large part of the overall population. This is known as the youth bulge. The youth bulge is not new. Younger generations have almost always been larger than the previous generation. However, before the twentieth century, high child mortality meant that a large proportion of children did not survive to adulthood. …

  2. Rapport annuel du secrétariat exécutif national 2014

    Le présent rapport s’inscrit dans l’optique de rendre compte du niveau de réalisation des activités de lutte contre le VIH/sida en République Démocratique du Congo en 2013, dernière année de la mise en œuvre du Plan Stratégique National 2010-2014 revu et actualisé pour couvrir la période 2014-2017. Ce rapport est structuré en six points suivis d’annexes : 1. Contexte du pays ; 2. Cadre et organisation de la lutte contre le VIH/sida en RDC ; 3. Résultats de mise en œuvre du plan d’action 2013, a. Situation épidémiologique, b. Etat de la réponse, c. Organes d’exécution et de mise en œuvre ; 4. …

  3. Plan stratégique national de lutte contre le VIH et le sida 2014-2017

    Le présent PSN a pour vision «une génération sans sida» en RDC. Cinq axes stratégiques déterminent les résultats d’impacts, des effets et des produits à atteindre avec les interventions stratégiques au cours de la période 2014–2017. Ces axes portent sur : La prévention de la transmission du VIH et des IST ; L’élimination de la transmission de VIH de la mère à l’enfant ; L’amélioration de l’accès aux soins et traitement ; La promotion d’un environnement favorable aux personnes vivant avec le VIH et personnes affectées ; Le soutien à la mise en œuvre du PSN.

  4. Plan estratégico nacional (PEN) VIH y sida 2011-2015

    El Plan Estratégico Nacional (PEN) VIIH y sida 2011-2015 es el instrumento que define la estrategia nacional en la lucha contra este virus, considerando la situación actual, el marco jurídico y las posibilidades de respuesta nacional e internacional en el cumplimiento de acuerdos establecidos. En este documento se expone la situación actual y epidemiológica del país, el marco normativo, la organización de la respuesta nacional y su abordaje estratégico. El mismo presenta ocho grandes áreas, con acciones estratégicas, indicadores, líneas de base, costos y fuentes de financiamiento. …

  5. Dating violence among school students in Tanzania and South Africa: prevalence and socio-demographic variations

    Aims: To identify with whom in-school adolescents preferred to communicate about sexuality, and to study adolescents' communication on HIV/AIDS, abstinence and condoms with parents/guardians, other adult family members, and teachers. Data were obtained from a baseline questionnaire survey carried out in South Africa (Cape Town and Mankweng) and Tanzania (Dar es Salaam) in early 2004. We analysed data for 14,944 adolescents from 80 randomly selected schools. …

  6. Opportunity in crisis: preventing HIV from early adolescence to young adulthood

    This newly released report, published by UNICEF with UNAIDS, UNESCO, UNFPA, ILO, WHO and the World Bank, describes the state of the epidemic in young people, the evidence for effective responses that address behavioural, social and structural challenges and prevent new HIV infections in young people. Country-specific data is shared.

  7. Spatial modeling of HIV prevalence in Kenya

    A clear understanding of geographic distribution of HIV-infected people and maintaining up-to-date lists and locations of facilities providing HIV-related services are essential for monitoring the epidemic and for providing treatment, care, and support services to the infected and their families. In this study, we model and map human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence in Kenya in relation to its spatial and behavioral determinants, using data from the 2003 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey (DHS). …

  8. The HIV/AIDS Pandemic in Comparative Perspective: The Cases of India and Russia

    After examining the history of HIV/AIDS in Russia and India, the article examines the present prevalence of, and future projections for, HIV/AIDS in both countries. It also discusses the economic, political, and social consequences of the pandemic in either region, while evaluating the effectiveness of the Indian and Russian governmental attempts to stem the health crisis. The article concludes with certain policy recommendations for the target countries' respective governments.

  9. Kenya Demographic and Health Survey 2008-09

    The 2008-09 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey (KDHS) is a nationally representative sample survey of 8,444 women age 15 to 49 and 3,465 men age 15 to 54 selected from 400 sample points (clusters) throughout Kenya. It is designed to provide data to monitor the population and health situation in Kenya as a follow-up to the 1989, 1993, 1998, and 2003 KDHS surveys. The survey utilised a two-stage sample based on the 1999 Population and Housing Census and was designed to produce separate estimates for key indicators for each of the eight provinces in Kenya. …

  10. The Socioeconomic Impact of HIV/AIDS in China

    This report is the summary report of a full study supported by British Department for International Development, UN Theme Group on HIV/AIDS in China and United Nations Children's Fund.This study consists of the following parts: - Socioeconomic factors contributing to HIV epidemic; - The estimation the number of HIV/AIDS cases by the end of 2001 and projection the trend over the next decade; - An analysis of the socioeconomic impact of AIDS on three levels: family, health sector and macroeconomics; - Recommendations on prevention and control of HIV/AIDS.

  11. An In-Depth Analysis of HIV Prevalence in Ghana: Further Analysis of Demographic and Health Surveys Data

    This report presents findings from a further analysis study undertaken as part of the follow-up to the 2003 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey (GDHS). ORC Macro provided technical assistance for the project. Funding was provided by the USAID. This report is part of the MEASURE DHS program, which is designed to collect, analyze, and disseminate data on fertility, family planning, maternal and child health, nutrition, and HIV/AIDS. …

  12. Demographic and socioeconomic patterns of HIV/AIDS prevalence in Africa

    Understanding the demographic and socioeconomic patterns of the prevalence and incidence of HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa is crucial for developing programs and policies to combat HIV/AIDS. This paper looks critically at the methods and analytical challenges to study the links between socioeconomic and demographic status and HIV/AIDS. Some of the misconceptions about the HIV/AIDS epidemic are discussed and unusual empirical evidence from the existing body of work is presented. Several important messages emerge from the results. …

  13. Plan estrategico nacional para la prevencion, atencion y control del VIH-SIDA e ITS, 2005-2010

    Para seguir con la respuesta nacional al VIH-SIDA, el Programa Nacional hizo una amplia convocatoria de instituciones y organizaciones relacionadas con esta problemática, a fin de actualizar para los años 2005-2010 el Plan Estratégico Nacional para la Prevención, Atención y Control del VIH-SIDA e ITS existente. …

  14. Plan estratégico nacional para la prevención, atención y asistencia del VIH y SIDA. 2006-2010

    El Plan esta elaborado en función de los lineamientos emitidos en las guías para la formulación de planes estratégicos de ONUSIDA y el proceso ha sido coordinado por CONASIDA en colaboración con las agencias de cooperación internacional como le ONUSIDA, instituciones gubernamentales y no gubernamentales y los diferentes sectores de la sociedad civil. Este capítulo introductorio destaca el esquema general del PEN, el segundo capítulo contiene la reseña de la situación actual y respuesta nacional a la epidemia. …

  15. The potential impact of HIV/AIDS interventions on the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Africa: a simulation exercise for the World Bank

    The World Bank developed its initial Multi-Country AIDS Program (MAP) in 1999, their program to reduce the impact and future path of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa. Since that time, the landscape surrounding the epidemic has changed dramatically. Given this new information, the World Bank has decided to update its approach regarding the HIV/AIDS epidemic, and write a new strategy plan, Agenda for Action 2007-2011. …

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