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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. National monitoring and evaluation plan (2011-2015): (Building sustainable and efficient monitoring and evaluation systems in order to improve accountability of the national HIV and AIDS response)

    This National HIV/AIDS Monitoring and Evaluation Plan (MEP) is a companion to the new National HIV/AIDS Strategic Framework (NASF) for the period 2011-2015. The goal of the plan is to enable NAC and its partners to monitor the spread of the epidemic, to measure the efficiency of the national response to HIV and AIDS, and to evaluate the effectiveness of the national response using relevant, timely, and accurate HIV and AIDS data. The M&E plan is organised in five sections as follows: 1. Introduction. 2. Review of the national M&E system. 3. Objectives and goals of the M&E plan. 4. …

  2. The national HIV/AIDS indicator handbook

    The purpose of the Indicator handbook present an explicit explanation to all HIV/AIDS M&E practitioners regarding how the M&E system for HIV/AIDS in Uganda works. In addition, this NSP Indicator Handbook provides a comprehensive listing of indicators for the national HIV/AIDS response as well as their definitions to ensure consistency in measuring and reporting against the indicators. The specific objectives of this Handbook are to: i) Provide a compilation of the National HIV/AIDS NSP indicators in a single volume. …

  3. Know Your HIV/AIDS epidemic from a gender perspective: Rwanda Report

    Decades of research from around the world has demonstrated that gender inequality negatively affects a range of health outcomes for adults, and gender inequality has been recognized as a key driver of the worldwide HIV epidemic. Managers at the national and subnational levels need information on the intersection of gender and HIV to address gender in the planning and implementing of HIV programs. Policy makers need information on interventions that are effective in accounting for gender inequities for decision making on national and global levels. …

  4. The Socio-Economic Determinants of HIV/AIDS Infection Rates in Lesotho, Malawi, Swaziland and Zimbabwe

    Using data from the Demographic and Health Survey, this article analyses the relationship between HIV status and the socio‐economic and demographic characteristics of adults in Lesotho, Malawi, Swaziland and Zimbabwe. It constructs the risk profile of the average adult, computes the values of age, education and wealth where the estimated probability of infection assumes its highest value, and determines the percentage of adults for whom these three factors are positively correlated with that probability. …

  5. Public expenditure review, 2011 HIV and AIDS Tanzania Mainland

    The main objective of the HIV and AIDS Public Expenditure Review (PER) 2011 is to assess expenditures on HIV and AIDS activities by the public and private sectors in Tanzania. This includes an identification of gaps and recommendations on measures for ensuring a more effective contribution to the National Multisectoral Strategic Framework 2008–2012 (NMSF) and ways to enhance and explore public and private sector contributions to the HIV and AIDS response.

  6. The fiscal dimension of HIV/AIDS in Botswana, South Africa, Swaziland and Uganda

    The purpose of this study is to refine the analysis of the fiscal burden of HIV/AIDS on national governments and assess the fiscal risks associated with scaling-up national HIV/AIDS responses. The study complements and contributes to the agenda on identifying and creating fiscal space for HIV/AIDS and other development expenditures. The findings from this study, and the analytical tools developed in it, could help governments in defining policy objectives, improving fiscal planning, and conducting their dialogue with donor agencies. …

  7. AIDS dependency crisis: sourcing African solutions

    This issues brief presents African sourced solutions to reduce external dependency in the HIV response, including: -Strengthening African ownership of development investments through utilizing more diversified funding sources; -Creating an African Medicines Regulatory Agency for faster roll out of drugs and stronger quality assurance; and -Catalysing local production of medicines in partnership with the BRICS group of countries and other emerging economies. Now is the perfect time to address these issues. …

  8. The impact of HIV and AIDS in Cameroon through 2020

    This booklet was the result of collaboration among staff of the National AIDS Control Committee, Central Technical Group (CNLS/GTC); the USAID Health Policy Initiative, Task Order 1; and the Joint United Nations Programme on AIDS (UNAIDS). This booklet was prepared with estimates and projections generated by CNLS/GTC staff, using the AIDS Impact Model.

  9. Spatial modeling of HIV prevalence in Kenya

    A clear understanding of geographic distribution of HIV-infected people and maintaining up-to-date lists and locations of facilities providing HIV-related services are essential for monitoring the epidemic and for providing treatment, care, and support services to the infected and their families. In this study, we model and map human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence in Kenya in relation to its spatial and behavioral determinants, using data from the 2003 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey (DHS). …

  10. Sierra Leone HIV modes of transmission study 2010

    This study is the outcome of close collaboration between UNAIDS and UNICEF, Sierra Leone Country Offices to support the Government of Sierra Leone to respond to the HIV epidemic in the country through the National AIDS Secretariat by initiating the UNAIDS Modes of Transmission model for Sierra Leone. The purpose of the model is to understand the sources of new HIV infections for better programme planning and support of programme pillars. …

  11. Reviewing 'emergencies' for Swaziland: Shifting the paradigm in a new era

    Swaziland is experiencing a generalized epidemic. The world's highest HIV prevalence and the increasing number of deaths due to AIDS is having unprecedented impact on Swaziland. Worryingly, with a generation of orphans and rapidly escalating poverty, this desperate situation is being accepted as "normal". HIV/AIDS in Swaziland has been characterized by a slow onset of impacts that have failed to command an emergency response. With insufficient resource allocation and a lack of capacity, slow onset events can become emergencies. Allocating humanitarian funding according to need is important. …

  12. Socio-economic effects of HIV/AIDS in African countries

    This desk study of HIV/AIDS was prepared by the Chr. Michelsen Institute under a contract with NORAD. The objectives of the study were to: - review and summarise the main and most recent literature analysing the socio-economic consequences of HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa and identify the main challenges for public policy; - compile and analyse relevant studies and policy documents from Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zambia; - identify particular issues of importance for Norway's longer term country assistance in sub-Saharan Africa, in view of the AIDS pandemic. …

  13. Study of Family Planning and HIV Integrated Services in Five Countries

    In the past several years, there has been a growing international dialogue on the feasibility and desirability of providing integrated family planning (FP) and HIV services. The reasons for offering joint, complementary services are many. Adding FP services to counseling and testing might provide an opportunity to reach populations that do not typically attend FP clinics, such as the sexually active young and unmarried, men, and members of high-risk groups such as sex workers. …

  14. Are Funding Decisions Based on Performance?

    This study is a comparison of approaches as practiced by the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, and the World Bank's Multi-Country AIDS Program for Africa in Mozambique, Uganda, and Zambia. To what extent do the major funders of HIV/AIDS programs in developing countries use past performance to guide decisions about future funding? …

  15. Joint review: Final report of the National Multi-sectoral Strategic Plan on HIV and Aids (2005-2009)

    The joint review of the National Strategic Plan (NSP) on HIV/AIDS 2005-2009 was carried out between August-November 2008. The overall goal of the joint review was to assess progress and achievements of the NSP 2005-2009 as well as to make recommendations to reinforce measures for a sustainable multi-sectoral response to HIV/AIDS across the country. The review was carried out under the leadership of the CNLS, and it involved stakeholders from all sectors in the collection and the analysis of data. …

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