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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Improving lives by accelerating progress towards the UN Sustainable Development Goals for adolescents living with HIV: a prospective cohort study

    Background: Low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) face major challenges in achieving the UN's Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for vulnerable adolescents. We aimed to test the UN Development Programme's proposed approach of development accelerators—provisions that lead to progress across multiple SDGs—and synergies between accelerators on achieving SDG-aligned targets in a highly vulnerable group of adolescents in South Africa. …

  2. Incorporating a structural approach within combination HIV prevention: an organising framework

    The Problem: “Structural factors” are characteristics of the social, economic, legal, and cultural environment that act as determinants of HIV risk for whole populations and of how this risk is distributed within populations. To date, “structural approaches” that engage these factors remain poorly developed. The Target Audience Perspective: “HIV prevention programmers” control the deployment of limited resources over set timeframes with the primary goal of reducing HIV infection rates and disparities. …

  3. Kenya's cash transfer program: protecting the health and human rights of orphans and vulnerable children

    In Kenya, as in other countries of sub-Saharan Africa heavily burdened by HIV/ AIDS, orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) face poverty and despair. There is an urgent need to provide a comprehensive response that supports families and communities in their efforts to care for children and safeguard their rights. The government of Kenya has established a cash transfer program that delivers financial and social support directly to the poorest households containing OVC, with special concern for those children with or affected by HIV/AIDS. …

  4. National poverty reduction strategies and HIV/AIDS governance in Malawi: a preliminary study of shared health governance

    The public health and development communities understand clearly the need to integrate anti-poverty efforts with HIV/AIDS programs. This article reports findings about the impact of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) process on Malawi's National HIV/AIDS Strategic Framework (NSF). How does the PRSP process support NSF accountability, participation, access to information, funding, resource planning and allocation, monitoring, and evaluation? …

  5. Kenya national AIDS strategic plan 2009/10-2012/13: delivering on universal access to services

    This plan's strategic emphasis is on effectively responding to the evidence base and providing coordinated, comprehensive, high-quality combination prevention, treatment and care services, mobilised and strengthened communities for "AIDS competence", and, effective sectoral mainstreaming of HIV. In order to provide Universal Access to essential services, strategic decisions are required to prioritise interventions that realise maximum efficiency gains and optimal progress towards the expected results. …

  6. Joint United Nations programme of support on AIDS 2007-2010

    One in six Zambians lives with HIV. Due to the scale and severity of the pandemic in Zambia, interlinked with the other challenges of poverty, household food insecurity, gender inequalities and weakened public sector institutional capacity, the United Nations Country Team (UNCT) has placed HIV and AIDS at the top of its agenda. Most Millennium Development Goals will not be achieved in Zambia unless the response is scaled up. …

  7. Zimbabwe Human Development Report 2003: redirecting our responses to HIV and AIDS

    The developed and developing worlds have for a long time recognized the link between development and health. Interestingly this knowledge took a long time to be acknowledged and applied in the control of the HIV and AIDS epidemic. This is partly because of an overwhelmingly biomedical approach to the epidemic and partly because research failed to establish a clear link between development and HIV and AIDS. …

  8. Nigeria's contributions to regional and global meetings on HIV/AIDS/STIs 1986-2003

    This document captures Nigeria's various contributions to regional and international international meetings between 1986 and 2003. The abstracts were grouped into the following sections: Basic Sciences, Clinical Success, Epidemiolmogy and prevention, Social sciences, Human rights

  9. Malawi Human Development Report 2005: reversing HIV/AIDS in Malawi

    The Malawi Human Development Report 2005 is presented in four chapters. Chapter 1 outlines the status of HIV and AIDS in Malawi based on the Sentinel Surveillance Report (SSR) produced in 2003. Chapter 2 concentrates on the impact of HIV and AIDS on household welfare, orphaned children, the extended family, educational and health sectors, agricultural production, business enterprises and public service delivery. Chapter 3 deals with the national response to HIV and AIDS. …

  10. Mainstreaming HIV/AIDS: A Conceptual Framework and Implementing Principles

    Written for both country level policy makers and practitioners and international agencies, this document builds on the recent and increasing level of attention given to HIV/AIDS mainstreaming, and is presented in five sections. The introduction and background presents the origins and development of the mainstreaming concept and highlights the operational differences between mainstreaming and what is termed integration. …

  11. Joint Programme on Integrating AIDS into PRSPs: a review of experiences. Round 1

    This report is a progress review of the experiences of the seven countries participating in the first round of the Joint UNDP, World Bank and UNAIDS Programme to strengthen capacity in integrating AIDS into poverty reduction strategies. The seven countries are Ethiopia, Ghana, Mali, Rwanda, Senegal, Tanzania (Mainland and Zanzibar) and Zambia. The review covers the Joint Programme activities in these countries from November 2005 to February 2007. …

  12. Human Development Report Nigeria 2004. HIV and AIDS: a challenge to sustainable development

    This report takes an in-depth look at HIV and AIDS in Nigeria and its effects on the dimensions of human development including the capacity for people to lead long and healthy lives, to be knowledgeable and to have a decent standard of living. Based on the available literature on HIV and AIDS in Nigeria, this report finds that there is a generalized epidemic. There are large regional variations in HIV prevalence with an alarming increase in prevalence in formerly low prevalence areas. …

  13. HIV/AIDS and Budgeting Workshop: placing HIV/AIDS at the centre of national resource allocation in Namibia

    The aims of the workshop were: To introduce accounting officers/budget personnel to issues related to budgeting for HIV/AIDS. …

  14. Ghana Human Development Report 2004. Breaking the HIV/AIDS chain: a human development challenge

    This report explores:the links between HIV/AIDS and efforts to promote social well-being; the social, cultural, religious and economic aspects of the prevention and management of the pandemic; the reorganisation of the health-care services to equip care-givers to deliver appropriate and adequate care to people living with HIV/AIDS and their families; public and private sector responses to the challenge of HIV/AIDS and human development, and collaboration with civil society and development partners.

  15. Intensifying action against HIV/AIDS in Africa: responding to a development crisis

    Nowhere has the impact of HIV/AIDS been more severe than Sub-Saharan Africa. The costs it imposes force countries to make heartbreaking choices between today's and future lives, and between health and dozens of other vital investments for development. Given these realities, African governments and their partners must act now to prevent further HIV infections and to care for and support the millions of Africans already infected and affected. …

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