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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Step up the pace: towards an AIDS-free generation in West and Central Africa

    The West and Central Africa region has one of the world’s highest HIV burdens among children and adolescents, second only to that of Eastern and Southern Africa. Yet, due to its lower HIV prevalence rate, the epidemic has received less attention than in other regions. …

  2. HIV/AIDS national strategic plans of Sub-Saharan African countries: an analysis for gender equality and sex-disaggregated HIV targets

    National Strategic Plans (NSPs) for HIV/AIDS are country planning documents that set priorities for programmes and services, including a set of targets to quantify progress toward national and international goals. The inclusion of sex- disaggregated targets and targets to combat gender inequality is important given the high disease burden among young women and adolescent girls in Sub-Saharan Africa, yet no comprehensive gender-focused analysis of NSP targets has been performed. …

  3. The fiscal dimension of HIV/AIDS in Botswana, South Africa, Swaziland and Uganda

    The purpose of this study is to refine the analysis of the fiscal burden of HIV/AIDS on national governments and assess the fiscal risks associated with scaling-up national HIV/AIDS responses. The study complements and contributes to the agenda on identifying and creating fiscal space for HIV/AIDS and other development expenditures. The findings from this study, and the analytical tools developed in it, could help governments in defining policy objectives, improving fiscal planning, and conducting their dialogue with donor agencies. …

  4. Enabling journalism educators to support comprehensive governance responses to HIV/AIDS and other development challenges through journalism education: assessment of the current status of HIV/AIDS teaching in four journalism schools in South Africa

    This report provides: 1. Analysis and reflection of current approaches to include HIV/AIDS and other development issues in journalism education at participating institutions. 2. Teaching approaches at the participating institutions with potential to prepare journalism students for their roles in democratic process. 3. Recommendations, based on the assessment results, on how HIV/AIDS can form part of curricula. 4. An outline of a proposed curriculum that uses HIV and AIDS issues as a basis for exploring civic-minded approaches to journalistic practice based on the assessment findings.

  5. HIV/AIDS and the health-related Millennium Development Goals: the experience in Ethiopia

    Ethiopia’s AIDS response is distinguished by its ‘integrated health system strengthening approach’ to expanding health service delivery. This approach is believed to have contributed to the significant strides the country has made towards the health MDGs. At the global level, in a drive to maximize efficiencies and demonstrate the impact of the substantial investments made in health over the last decade, there has been growing literature examining the positive bi-directional linkages between the response to AIDS and the MDGs. …

  6. HIV/AIDS and conflicts: micro evidence from Burundi

    This paper studies the relationship between civil war and HIV/AIDS in Burundi. It contributes to the empirical literature by providing micro level evidence using an identication strategy based on original data on the dynamics of rebel movements. The presence of exit and entry points from and to rebel safe havens is used to generate exogenous variation in con ict intensity. These points are plausibly assumed to serve as starting or end points for rebel attack, but are not directly related to HIV/AIDS or correlated with unobservables. …

  7. Socio-economic effects of HIV/AIDS in African countries

    This desk study of HIV/AIDS was prepared by the Chr. Michelsen Institute under a contract with NORAD. The objectives of the study were to: - review and summarise the main and most recent literature analysing the socio-economic consequences of HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa and identify the main challenges for public policy; - compile and analyse relevant studies and policy documents from Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zambia; - identify particular issues of importance for Norway's longer term country assistance in sub-Saharan Africa, in view of the AIDS pandemic. …

  8. South African national HIV prevalence, incidence, behaviour and communication survey, 2008: the health of our children

    The main rationale for this study was to better understand the health status of South African children in relation to HIV. Children have not been adequately included in national health surveys such as the Demographic and Health Survey (DHS), and this study allowed for the assessment of progress towards the realisation of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the attainment of the National Strategic Plan targets in South Africa. …

  9. The evolution and future of donor assistance for HIV/AIDS. Working paper

    This working paper examines the evolution and impact of donor resource mobilization for HIV and AIDS; the potential effect of the current economic crisis on HIV and AIDS funding; immediate and long-term challenges and opportunities for donor assistance; and policy recommendations to the donor community and national governments to ensure steady, long-term funding for HIV and AIDS and alleviate the impact of future challenges.

  10. Le cadre juridique du VIH, du sida et des droits de l'homme dans les pays arabes

    Cette étude a été élaborée par l'Institut arabe des droits de l'homme et le Bureau régional de l'UNICEF à Oman en collaboration avec le PNUD, le bureau du Haut Commissariat des Droits de l'Homme et l'Organisation Internationale du Travail. Ce travail est consacré à l'étude de la réalité de la maladie du sida et de la situation des personnes atteintes par le VIH et sida dans le monde arabe. Il s'inscrit dans le cadre de l'action internationale pour la lutte contre le VIH et sida. …

  11. HIV/AIDS and development in South Asia 2003. Regional Human Development Report

    It is now well accepted that HIV/AIDS is a challenge for the world community as it transcends boundaries of nation, class, ethnicity and sexual preference. Over the years, research has shown that HIV is not random in its spread or its impact. An intersection of several variables - poverty, urbanisation, gender inequality and stereotypical gender roles - impacts upon vulnerabilities. …

  12. HIV/AIDS: What it Means for Nigeria. Background, projections, impact, interventions, policy

    Though responding to the HIV/AIDS epidemic is no longer seen to be the exclusive responsibility of the health sector, this sector has always provided the technical know-how and leadership for collecting information on the trends of the epidemic over the past decade. Without these efforts it would be impossible to determine what impact current interventions are achieving, a situation that may discourage those who have committed so much of their time and resources to this battle. …

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